Presentation on theme: "European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300–1600 QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance 1 SECTION The."— Presentation transcript:
European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300–1600 QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance 1 SECTION The Northern Renaissance 2 SECTION Luther Starts the Reformation 3 SECTION The Reformation Continues 4 17 CHAPTER GRAPHMAP
HOME Chapter Overview Two great European movementsthe Renaissance and the Reformationusher in dramatic cultural and social changes. The Renaissance marked the flowering of artistic creativity, while the Reformation led to new Christian beliefs. 17 CHAPTER European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300–1600
1300 Renaissance begins in Italy Gutenberg Bible printed Machiavelli writes The Prince Henry VIII becomes head of Englands church, breaking ties with Rome. 17 CHAPTER Time Line HOME European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300– Elizabeth I rules England William Shakespeare born Peace of Augsburg ends religious wars in Germany.
The Renaissance, a period of intellectual and artistic creativity, flourishes in Italy, beginning about Versatile artists transform painting, sculpture, and literature. Overview Assessment Key Idea Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance 1 HOME
MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW The European Renaissance, a rebirth of learning and the arts, began in Italy in the 1300s. Renaissance ideas about classical studies, art, and literature still influence modern thought. Overview Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance 1 Assessment Renaissance humanism secular patron perspective vernacular TERMS & NAMES HOME
1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Record the main ideas from the section about the Italian Renaissance. Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance 1 Section 1 Assessment continued... HOME Urban centers Humanism Wealthy merchant class Classical heritage Famous writers New painting techniques Patronage of arts Renaissance I. Italys advantages III. Renaissance art and literature II. Classical and worldly values A. B. C. A. B. A. B.
2. Name three people from this section whom you regard as a Renaissance man or a Renaissance woman. Explain your choices. THINK ABOUT Section Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance 1 1 Assessment the idea of the universal man Castigliones description of such a person which people from this section seem to match that description ANSWER continued... Michelangeloarchitect, sculptor, painter, and poet Leonardopainter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist Isabella dEstepolitical leader and patron of the arts Possible Responses: HOME
Section Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance 1 1 Assessment ANSWER Renaissance scholars rejected some teachings of medieval Christianity and looked to classical writers for inspiration. Renaissance artists revolutionized art by using perspective and a more realistic style and by glorifying the individual. Possible Responses: HOME 3. How did the Renaissance revolutionize European art and thought? THINK ABOUT changes in ideas since medieval times changes in artistic techniques changes in artistic subjects End of Section 1
In the 1400s, Renaissance ideas spread to northern Europe, where German and Flemish masters create distinctive works of art. The books of northern Renaissance writers and philosophers become widely available because of the invention of the printing press. Overview Assessment Key Idea The Northern Renaissance 2 HOME
The Northern Renaissance 2 In the 1400s, northern Europeans began to adapt the ideas of the Renaissance. Renaissance ideas such as the importance of the individual are a strong part of modern thought. Overview Assessment Utopia printing press Gutenberg Bible MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME
The Northern Renaissance 2 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List important events in the Northern Renaissance. Section 2 Assessment continued... HOME : Gutenberg prints Bible on printing press. 1494: Dürer studies in Italy. 1509: Erasmus writes The Praise of Folly. 1516: More writes Utopia. 1592: Shakespeare writes plays in London.
The Northern Renaissance 2 2. Choose one Northern Renaissance figure. Explain how he or she was influenced by Renaissance ideas. THINK ABOUT Section 2 Assessment the influence of humanism the use of new techniques the concept of the Renaissance man or woman HOME ANSWER continued...
The Northern Renaissance 2 Section 2 Assessment HOME Dürer was influenced by realism and classical ideas. Van Eyck was influenced by realism and helped develop the oil painting. Bruegel was interested in realistic details and peasant life. Erasmus and More combined humanist and Christian values in their calls for reform. Shakespeare was influenced by the classics and wrote in the vernacular. Queen Elizabeth was a monarch, a poet, a patron of the arts, and a linguist. Possible Responses: End of Section 2
Martin Luther, a German monk, challenges the authority of the Catholic Church and triggers the Reformationa movement for religious reform. The Reformation spreads to England when King Henry VIII breaks ties with the Catholic Church. Overview Assessment Key Idea Luther Starts the Reformation 3 HOME
Martin Luthers protest over abuses in the Catholic Church led to the founding of Protestant churches. Nearly one-fourth of the Christians in todays world are Protestants. Overview Assessment indulgence Reformation Lutheran Protestant Peace of Augsburg annul Anglican Luther Starts the Reformation 3 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME
Luther Starts the Reformation 3 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the main cause and several effects of Luthers action in posting the 95 Theses. Section 3 Assessment continued... HOME Luther declared a heretic. Lutheran church begins. German peasants revolt. Charles V goes to war against Protestant princes of Germany. Pope excommunicates Luther. Luther protests. Tetzel sells indulgences under false pretenses. Luther posts the 95 Theses.
Luther Starts the Reformation 3 Section 3 Assessment ANSWER Luthers reasonslegitimate complaints about indulgences and other Church problems; excommunication Henrys reasonshis annulments denied; popes political maneuvers Possible Responses: 2. Who do you think had a better reason to break with the Church, Luther or Henry VIII? THINK ABOUT why Luther criticized the Church what Henry asked the pope to do for him the Churchs response to Luther continued... HOME the popes response to Henry
Luther Starts the Reformation 3 Section 3 Assessment ANSWER The equality of all Christians spurred peasants to demand an end to serfdom. Peasants disrespected Church authority by raiding the monasteries. Possible Response: 3. Which of Luthers ideas do you think might have motivated the peasants to revolt in 1524? Explain. THINK ABOUT Luthers criticisms of the Church what change the peasants demanded End of Section 3 HOME the actions the peasants took
John Calvin develops a system of Protestant theology that gains popularity among other European reformers. To stem the spread of Protestantism, the Catholic Church initiates its own reforms. Overview Assessment Key Idea The Reformation Continues 4 HOME GRAPHMAP
John Calvin and other Reformation leaders began new Protestant churches. The Catholic Church also made reforms. Many Protestant churches began during this period, and many Catholic schools are the result of Catholic reforms. Overview Assessment predestination Calvinism theocracy Presbyterian Anabaptist Catholic Reformation Jesuits Council of Trent The Reformation Continues 4 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME GRAPHMAP
1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Compare the ideas of reformers who came after Luther. The Reformation Continues 4 continued... Section 4 Assessment HOME GRAPH ReformersIdeas John Calvin Anabaptists Catholic Reformers People are sinful by nature. Ideal government is a theocracy. Only adults baptized Church and state separate. Church interpretation of Bible is final. Need faith and good works to be saved MAP
Section 4 Assessment ANSWER 2. Which of the steps taken by Popes Paul III and Paul IV to reform the Catholic Church do you think were wise? Which were unwise? Explain. THINK ABOUT the goals of the reforming popes whether the steps clearly addressed those goals The Reformation Continues 4 possible effects of each step WiseCalling the council of cardinals and the Council of Trent helped clarify the Catholic position on controversial issues; approving the Jesuits helped combat Protestantism and spread Catholicism. UnwiseUsing the Inquisition may have made martyrs out of Protestants; creating the Index of Forbidden Books blocked the spread of new ideas. Possible Responses: HOME GRAPH End of Section 4 MAP