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Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500 B.C. –450 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION City-States in Mesopotamia 1 SECTION Pyramids.

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Presentation on theme: "Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500 B.C. –450 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION City-States in Mesopotamia 1 SECTION Pyramids."— Presentation transcript:

1 Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500 B.C. –450 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION City-States in Mesopotamia 1 SECTION Pyramids on the Nile 2 SECTION Planned Cities on the Indus 3 SECTION River Dynasties in China 4 2 CHAPTER MAP

2 HOME Chapter Overview The river valley civilizations develop from small farming villages. The civilizations create laws, centralized governments, writing systems, and advanced technologies. The process of trade spreads new ideas to and from these civilizations. 2 CHAPTER Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500 B.C. –450 B.C.

3 3000 B.C. City-states form in Sumer, Mesopotamia B.C. Egypts Old Kingdom develops B.C. Hammurabi develops code of laws for Babylonian Empire B.C. Indus Valley civilization declines B.C. Zhou dynasty forms in China. Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500 B.C. –450 B.C. 2 CHAPTER Time Line 3500 B.C. 450 B.C. HOME

4 Working together to overcome environmental challenges leads to the development of centralized government and cities in Mesopotamia. The Sumerian civilization influences later civilizations. Overview Assessment Key Idea 1 MAP HOME City-States in Mesopotamia

5 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW The earliest civilization in Asia arose in Mesopotamia and organized into city-states. The development of this civilization reflects a pattern that has occurred repeatedly throughout history. Overview City-States in Mesopotamia 1 Assessment Fertile Crescent silt irrigation city-state dynasty cultural diffusion polytheism empire Hammurabi TERMS & NAMES HOME MAP

6 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List three environmental challenges the Sumerians faced and their solutions to these challenges. 1 Section 1 Assessment continued... HOME MAP City-States in Mesopotamia irrigation trade unpredictable flooding limited resources defenselessness walled cities SolutionChallenges

7 2. What advantages did living in cities offer the people of ancient Mesopotamia? Do modern cities offer any of the same advantages? THINK ABOUT Section City-States in Mesopotamia 1 1 Assessment characteristics of Sumers city-states characteristics of Sumers economy and society development of organized government ANSWER continued... Opportunity for wealth; diversity of work available; government that promotes laws, manages economy, and provides assistance; better housing; city walls and armies for protection; proximity to temple; more social contact. Cities today offer many of these advantages. Possible Responses: HOME MAP

8 3. Do you think that living in a river valley with little rainfall helped or hurt the development of civilization in Mesopotamia? Explain your response. Section City-States in Mesopotamia 1 1 Assessment ANSWER End of Section 1 It helped, because the Sumerians had to develop the technology and organization to get water to the fields. This led to the development of organized government. Possible Response: HOME MAP

9 Egyptian civilization develops along the Nile River. Upper and lower Egypt are united into a kingdom and ruled by pharaohs, who are believed to be gods. Egyptian customs for preparing and burying the bodies of the dead include mummification and burying pharaohs in pyramids. Overview Assessment Key Idea Pyramids on the Nile 2 HOME

10 2 Along the Nile River, civilization emerged in Egypt and became united into a kingdom ruled by pharaohs. Many of the monuments built by the Egyptians stand as a testament to their ancient civilization. Overview Assessment cataract delta Menes pharaoh theocracy pyramid mummification hieroglyphics papyrus MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME Pyramids on the Nile

11 Egyptian Achievements 2 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Give four examples of Egyptian achievements. Section 2 Assessment continued... HOME Pyramids on the Nile PyramidsHieroglyphics Written numbers Advances in medicine Calendar Mummification

12 2 2. Three natural features determined the boundaries of ancient Egyptian civilization: the Nile River, the First Cataract, and the surrounding desert. In your judgment, which of these features was most important to Egypts history? Section 2 Assessment ANSWER The Nile Riverit provided fertile soil, a predictable growing season, and easy transportation within Egypt. The First Cataractit presented an obstacle to trade and communication with peoples on the upper Nile. The desertsthey limited outside contact but also prevented invasions. Pyramids on the Nile HOME Possible Responses: End of Section 2

13 The Indus Valley people build planned cities with sophisticated sewage and plumbing systems. Archaeological evidence suggests the Indus civilization is stable and prosperous. Indus Valley culture ends mysteriously. Overview Assessment Key Idea Planned Cities on the Indus 3 HOME

14 The first Indian civilization built well- planned cities on the banks of the Indus River. The culture of India today has its roots in the civilization of the early Indus cities. Overview Assessment subcontinent monsoon Planned Cities on the Indus 3 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME

15 Environmental ConditionBenefit or Drawback Planned Cities on the Indus 3 Section 3 Assessment continued... (-) too little rain (-) too much rain monsoons 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the environmental conditions faced by the people of the Indus Valley. For each one, explain whether the condition was a benefit or a drawback. HOME floods high mountains large desert (+) spread deposits of rich soil over wide area (-) unpredictable (+) natural barrier helped protect against invasion

16 Planned Cities on the Indus 3 Section 3 Assessment ANSWER (a) Planned cities, uniform buildings, sanitation systems (b) Indus seals found in Mesopotamia (c) Uniform housing, childrens toys, few weapons 2. What evidence has led historians to the following beliefs about Indus civilization? (a) The cities were run by a strong central government. (b) Indus people carried on trade with Sumer. (c) Society was generally peaceful and stable. HOME End of Section 3

17 Ancient Chinese civilization is ruled by powerful family dynasties. Just rulers are believed to have divine approval. In Chinese culture, family is central to society and religion. Improvements are made in technology and trade. Feudalism is established. Overview Assessment Key Idea River Dynasties in China 4 HOME

18 The early rulers introduced ideas about government and society that shaped Chinese civilization. The culture that took root during ancient times still affects Chinese ways of life today. Overview Assessment loess oracle bone Mandate of Heaven dynastic cycle feudalism River Dynasties in China 4 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME

19 Event OneEvent ThreeEvent Five Event Two Event Four River Dynasties in China 4 Section 4 Assessment continued Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the major developments in the early Chinese dynasties. HOME Xia is the first Chinese dynasty. Shang develop writing. Zhou are first to control by feudalism. Shang develop first cities. Zhou claim Mandate of Heaven.

20 Section 4 Assessment ANSWER 2. The group was often more important than the individual in Chinese culture. In your judgment, what are the benefits and drawbacks of this belief? THINK ABOUT family roles River Dynasties in China 4 the characteristics of a ruler Benefitsfamily cares for elderly, less government money spent on social programs, respect for deceased family members/gods Drawbacksless time for individuals to pursue interests, difficult to break away when family or ruler is unjust Possible Responses: HOME continued... role of spirit gods

21 3. Do you think that the Zhou Dynastys downfall resulted because of their method of control? Why or why not? THINK ABOUT Section River Dynasties in China 4 4 Assessment ANSWER Yesgreat distance between ruler and ruled, lords were greedy, chaotic warfare Nothe Zhou ruled successfully for 300 years. Their downfall wasnt because of feudalism but because invaders killed the backbone of the dynasty, the Zhou monarchy. HOME End of Section 4 feudalism the large division of rich and poor the vast controlled lands the noble-king relationship Possible Responses:


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