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Bell Work November 13,2007 Fill-in the “I think it means” column on the Day 3 Vocabulary “At First Glance” sheet. Feudalism Manorialism fief shogun samurai.

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Presentation on theme: "Bell Work November 13,2007 Fill-in the “I think it means” column on the Day 3 Vocabulary “At First Glance” sheet. Feudalism Manorialism fief shogun samurai."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell Work November 13,2007 Fill-in the “I think it means” column on the Day 3 Vocabulary “At First Glance” sheet. Feudalism Manorialism fief shogun samurai 3/27/2017

2 Vocabulary Feudalism Manorialism
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land. Manorialism In medieval times, the organization of rural economy and society. 3/27/2017

3 Vocabulary Fief Shogun Samurai
An estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe. Shogun In feudal Japan, a supreme military commander who ruled in the name of the emperor. Samurai One of the professional warriors who served Japanese feudal lords. 3/27/2017

4 Charlemagne 3/27/2017

5 This emperor is known as Charlemagne, or Charles the Great.
Around 800, Western Europe was united when the grandson of Charles Martel built an empire reaching across France, Germany, and part of Italy. This emperor is known as Charlemagne, or Charles the Great. 3/27/2017

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7 Charlemagne was very tall, with a height of 6 feet, four inches.
He loved battle and spent much of his reign engaged in war. His conquests reunited much of the old Roman Empire. 3/27/2017

8 A Christian Emperor In 800, Pope Leo III asked Charlemagne for help in fighting the rebellious nobles in Rome. Frankish armies marched south and crushed the rebellion. On Christmas Day, the pope showed Charlemagne his gratitude by proclaiming him Emperor of the Romans. 3/27/2017

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10 The ceremony was very significant.
A Christian pope had crowned a German king successor to the Roman emperors. This action served as the foundation for more power struggles between future Roman Catholic popes and German emperors. 3/27/2017

11 The pope’s action angered the emperor of the Eastern Roman empire in Constantinople.
The eastern emperor felt that he was the only Roman ruler, and would not acknowledge the Frankish king. This conflict served to widen the split between the eastern and western Christian worlds. 3/27/2017

12 Government Charlemagne tried to control his many lands and create a unified Christian Europe. Working closely with the Church, he helped to spread Christianity to the people in conquered lands of the outlying areas of his empire. Missionaries converted many Saxons and Slavs. 3/27/2017

13 He gave them land so they would continue to support him.
Like other Germanic kings, Charlemagne appointed powerful nobles to rule local regions. He gave them land so they would continue to support him. He sent out officials called missi dominici to check on roads, listen to grievances, and see that justice was done. Click on Map to Enlarge 3/27/2017

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15 Revival of Learning: Charlemagne wanted to make his court at Aachen a “second Rome”. 3/27/2017

16 Revival of Learning: He set out to revive the use of Latin in his empire. Education had declined so much that even educated clergy were sadly ignorant. Charlemagne could read, but could not write. Still, he knew his officials needed to keep accurate records and write clear reports. 3/27/2017

17 Charlemagne founded a school at Aachen directed by Alcuin, a respected scholar.
Alcuin hired scholars to copy ancient manuscripts, including the Bible and Latin works of history and science. Click on picture to enlarge 3/27/2017

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19 After Charlemagne died in 814, his empire soon fell apart.
Charlemagne’s sons were unable to preserve his empire after his death. 3/27/2017

20 Many Groups attacked Charlemagne’s Empire.
Muslims from North Africa Magyar barbarians from central Asia Vikings from the north Charlemagne’s Empire was weakened and finally fell. For almost 200 years, from about , Viking raiders terrorized the coastal and river areas of Europe. 3/27/2017

21 Timeline (Add this date and information to your timeline)
800 A. D. Charlemagne was crowned ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. This act symbolized a union of the church and state. 3/27/2017

22 Feudalism in Europe and Japan
S2C3 PO 2 3/27/2017

23 The Rise of Feudalism (04:47)

24 European Feudalism About 500 CE, much of western Europe was left without a strong centralized government due to the breakdown of the Roman Empire.  With little organized resistance, Germanic invaders raided western European cities and monasteries.  3/27/2017

25 European Feudalism Because kings were often too weak to repel the invaders, many city dwellers moved into the countryside in hopes of greater safety.  As a result of the invasions, and a weak central government, a new social and political system known as feudalism developed.  3/27/2017

26 For example, the king controlled huge tracts of land.
Strong local lords formed a strict code of behavior and allegiances which became the foundation of feudal life. For example, the king controlled huge tracts of land.  He would give his support and a large piece of land, called a fief,  to a powerful lord in return for loyalty and military support. 3/27/2017

27 This meant the lord was now a vassal of the king.
The Lord would then divide up that land among his supporters, usually less powerful lords, obtaining vassals of his own.  3/27/2017

28 The Lesser Lords would do the same, dividing up the increasingly smaller land holdings to their knights.  Finally, the knights would be left in direct control of the land and the peasants or townsfolk who lived there.  3/27/2017

29 The peasants were expected to grow food, tend the land, and provide military support to the feudal lords.  Under European feudalism, there was very little opportunity for social advancement. 3/27/2017

30 The Feudal Economy Feudal lords and knights lived in a manor house on a large estate.  The economy that grew up around the lord's home is known as manorialism.  3/27/2017

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32 Castles, Manors, and Feudalism (03:14)
3/27/2017 Castles, Manors, and Feudalism (03:14)

33 The Feudal Economy Under this system, everyone had a well-defined place in the social structure.   Many nobles became knights, mounted warriors, who lived according to a code of conduct called chivalry.  3/27/2017

34 They were expected to be honest, brave, and loyal to their word.
Most peasants were serfs, meaning they could not leave their lord's lands without permission.  The serfs farmed and provided manual and military labor for the lord, and in return, he protected them and gave them a few acres to farm for themselves. 3/27/2017

35 Japan 3/27/2017


37 Feudal Japan Japan's feudal period lasted from the 12th century until the 19th century.  During this period, society was divided in different classes.  At the top, was the Emperor, although he had little real power.  3/27/2017

38 Feudal Japan Japan was ruled by the Shogun, who was a military leader with near absolute control. The most successful was the Tokugawa Shogunate, which ruled Japan from 1603 until 1868 3/27/2017

39 3/27/2017

40 The daimyo then granted lands to their warriors, the samurai.
In Japan, the real political and military power was in the hands of the shogun.  Much like in Europe, the shogun distributed lands to his loyal vassals, who were called daimyo.  The daimyo then granted lands to their warriors, the samurai.  3/27/2017

41 Japanese warriors lived according to a code of conduct known as bushido, which was even stricter than that in Europe. A disgraced samurai was expected to perform seppuku (commit suicide) in order to maintain his family's honor. 3/27/2017


43 Comparison of Feudalism in Europe and Japan
Nobility king, lord, lesser lord emperor, shogun, daimyo Warriors knights samurai Code of conduct chivalry bushido Evolution Both practices developed in response to the need for security and stability Both helped preserve law and order Both had well-defined social roles 3/27/2017

44 Japan and Europe Feudalism
There are similarities and differences between Japanese and European feudalism. Both seem to have developed from a blending of concepts of centralized imperial rule with traditional tribal organization and personal bonds of loyalty. 3/27/2017

45 Japan and Europe Feudalism
In Europe these ingredients originated from the Roman Empire and the Germanic tribes. Japan's feudal tradition can be traced to T'ang China and the uji organization in early Japan. 3/27/2017

46 Feudalism developed slightly later in Japan than in Europe (12th and 9th centuries, respectively).
This delay could have been due to Japan's isolation and the lack of foreign invasions. 3/27/2017

47 However, both systems began with strong legalistic attitudes and stressed vassal-lord obligations, designed to ensure the allegiance of the former in periods of constant warfare. The legal foundations were, however, very different in the Japanese and European feudal systems: European feudalism was grounded in Roman legal structure Japan feudalism had as its basis Chinese Confucian morality. 3/27/2017

48 Timeline (Add this date and information to your timeline)
900 A. D. Feudalism began to spread across western Europe 3/27/2017

49 Student Directions Use your notes and the next two slides to Compare Feudalism in Europe with Feudalism in Japan. Write your information on the Venn Diagram 3/27/2017

50 Europe 3/27/2017

51 Japan 3/27/2017

52 Comparison of Feudalism in Japan and Europe

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