Presentation on theme: "What everyone should know about Shakespeare He was not of an age but for all time.- Ben Jonson (First Folio)"— Presentation transcript:
What everyone should know about Shakespeare He was not of an age but for all time.- Ben Jonson (First Folio)
Who was William Shakespeare? Probably the worlds most famous playwright. A writing genius. His understanding of people, his skill with words and his sense of drama are the key elements that would please an audience. The English theatre and language have never been the same since. Everyone should know about William Shakespeare!
Where did Shakespeare live? He lived in and around London, England. Around 1600, London was a busy, bustling, walled city. It was having a Renaissance (RE-BIRTH) of arts and sciences under two monarchs who loved the theatre. The only major disasters in Shakespeares time were the plagues of 1592-94 and 1613, which closed the theatres.
Queen Elizabeth I and King James I Queen Elizabeth I. reigned from 1558 to 1603. Shakespeare gave 32 performances at her court during her reign. King James I. reigned from 1603 to 1625.
William Shakespeares Life He was born April 23 rd, 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon (94 miles from London). His father was a glove maker, shop keeper and land owner. He also had 7 brothers and sisters. He probably attended free grammar school until the age of 15, mainly studying in Latin. He read much mythology.
Shakespeares Life (continued) He married Anne Hathaway. She was 8 years older. They had 3 children: Susanna, Hamnet and Judith. He lived in London most of his life, although he later became Stratford's third largest landowner and eventually retired there.
Shakespeares Life (continued) By 1592 he was recognized as a successful actor on the London stage- as well as a leading poet. He wrote at least 36 plays as well as sonnets, and other poems. He retired from the theatre to his native Stratford sometime between 1611 and 1613. He died on his 52 nd birthday, April 23, 1616 in Stratford.
Shakespeare the poet First of all– Shakespeare became famed as a poet! He wrote 154 sonnets
Shakespeare the poet (continued) He wrote Venus and Adonis which was a romantic poem in the Classical Tradition dedicated to the Earl of Southampton. He wrote the Rape of Lucrece, which was a narrative poem. He also wrote Phoenix and the Turtle. Shakespeare used blank verse (unrhymed iambic pentameter).
Shakespeare the actor For 20 years from 1585 to 1605 Shakespeare was a member and part owner of a repertory group called the Kings Men. Shakespeare probably made most of his money as an actor and producer, not as a playwright.
An Elizabethan Actor An Elizabethan actor had to be an expert in : Fencing Tumbling Dancing Elocution Acting Music
Shakespeare the playwright He got his ideas from other plays– from the works of Seneca, Plautus, Ovid, and Plutarchs Lives. Shakespeare wrote at least 36 plays. All were written for his company– the KINGS MEN They paid him about $40 per play.
Shakespeare's Plays Shakespeare wrote: 13 Comedies 13 Historical Plays 6 Tragedies 4 Tragicomedies
Comedies Comedy of Errors Loves Labors Lost Much Ado About Nothing As You Like It Twelfth Night Merry Wives of Windsor The Taming of the Shrew Two Gentlemen of Verona A Midsummer Nights Dream The Merchant of Venice Troilus and Cressida Alls Well that Ends Well Measure for Measure
Histories Henry VI Parts I, II,III. Richard III King Henry IV Parts I,II Henry VIII King Henry V Julius Caesar Richard II Anthony and Cleopatra Coriolanus King John
Tragedies Hamlet Othello King Lear Romeo and Juliet Macbeth Titus Andronicus
Tragicomedies Timon of Athens Cymbeline The Winters Tale Tempest
Famous Elizabethan Theatres Some of the most famous Elizabethan theatres were: The Theatre The Swan The Globe The Black friars The Whitehall The Rose The Fortune The Curtain A play was being performed when a flag was up.
The Elizabethan Theatre A show lasted about 2 ½ hours. No intermissions. No curtain. End of scenes was indicated by rhymed tags (couplets) or a change of actors. No scenery or set. Many devices such as trap doors and scaffolds. No actresses– men or boys took parts of women, clowns, ghosts and witches. Groundlings
What the Audience Wanted (AND GOT!) Lots of ACTION. Puns, wit, asides, conceits. Evil overcome. Noise, music, shouting, sound effects.
Shakespeares Style Use of PUNS (humorous play on words indicating different meanings). Use of METAPHORS Use of BLANK VERSE Use of Conceits (whimsical, extravagant, fanciful ideas) Use of SOLILOQUIES (somebody talking to himself) Use of ASIDES (saying something to audience that other players cant hear).
Shakespeare's Globe Theatre
Sonnets XVIII. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee.