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By Mr. Gonzalez Language Arts Teacher DORAL MIDDLE SCHOOL Revised and Edited by Ms. White.

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Presentation on theme: "By Mr. Gonzalez Language Arts Teacher DORAL MIDDLE SCHOOL Revised and Edited by Ms. White."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Mr. Gonzalez Language Arts Teacher DORAL MIDDLE SCHOOL Revised and Edited by Ms. White

2 What is an Essay? An essay is a composition that discusses, describes or explains one topic. It can be serious or funny. It can describe personal feelings or state your opinion, or it can just explain facts.

3 TYPES OF ESSAYS An Expository Essay is one that explains, analyzes, or shares information. How-to essay How-to essay Informative essay Informative essay A Persuasive Essay is one where the writer presents his or her opinion and tries to convince the reader to agree A Persuasive Essay is one where the writer presents his or her opinion and tries to convince the reader to agree. Opinion essay Opinion essay Problem-solution essay Problem-solution essay

4 EXPOSITORYPERSUASIVE EXPOSITORY VS PERSUASIVE Convinces the reader to accept a particular point of view, or Convinces the reader to take a particular action Often about a controversial issue Usually begin by stating the belief or the action the reader is to accept Supports the argument with FRIES States logical reasons to support the writers point of view Recognizes/refutes an opposing argument Usually concludes with the strongest argument Often plays on the emotion of the reader Explains something, or Provides information, or Clarifies a process, or Defines a concept Usually begins with a statement of purpose Develops with FRIES Enhances the readers understanding of objective Not dependent on emotion

5 The BASIC Structure of an Essay Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1: Introduction General Statement (Attention Getter) - General Statement (Attention Getter) - Thesis or opinion statement - 3 Reasons (blueprint) - Concluding and/or transition sentence Paragraphs 2, 3, and 4 Paragraphs 2, 3, and 4: Body Reason 1(topic sentence) - Reason 1(topic sentence) + at least 3 supporting details) Reason 2(topic sentence) - Reason 2(topic sentence) + at least 3 supporting details) Reason 3(topic sentence - Reason 3(topic sentence + at least 3 supporting details) Paragraph 5 Paragraph 5: Conclusion - Statement reflecting back on thesis - Restatement of key points - Concluding Statements

6 MAKE YOUR ESSAY LIKE A HAMBURGER WITH LARGE FRIES STATISTICSEXAMPLESINCIDENTSREASONSFACTS ( The Top Bun) Topic Sentence (meat), Detail 1 (lettuce), Detail 2 (tomato), Detail 3 (cheese) Topic Sentence (meat), Detail 1 (lettuce), Detail 2 (tomato), Detail 3 (cheese) Topic Sentence (meat), Detail 1 (lettuce), Detail 2 (tomato), Detail 3 (cheese) (The Bottom Bun) Thesis Statement + 3 Reasons FRIES

7 The Introduction (The Top Bun) I. Introduction Introductory statement (Attention Getter):Introductory statement (Attention Getter): –quotation –anecdote –interesting fact –statistics –question Thesis/opinion statementThesis/opinion statement Blueprint (three reasons)Blueprint (three reasons) Concluding/transition sentenceConcluding/transition sentence

8 The Body –First Reason Paragraph Transition MEATtopic sentence (MEAT) Lettucetomatocheese)Three Supporting Details (Lettuce, tomato, cheese) Remember to addFRIESRemember to add FRIES –Second Reason Paragraph Transition MEATtopic sentence (MEAT) LettucetomatocheeseThree Supporting Details (Lettuce, tomato, cheese) Remember to addFRIESRemember to add FRIES –Third Reason Paragraph Transition MEATtopic sentence (MEAT) LettucetomatocheeseThree Supporting Details (Lettuce, tomato, cheese) Remember to addFRIES Remember to add FRIES

9 The Conclusion (The Bottom Bun) III. Conclusion –Transition – Statement reflecting back on thesis –Restatement of key points –Concluding Statements

10 Introduction: I am a movie fanatic. When friends want to know what picture won the Oscar in 1980 or who played the police chief in Jaws, they ask me. My friends, though, have stopped asking me if I want to go out to the movies. Going to the movies has become a hazardous activity for me. The problems in getting to the theater, the theater itself, and the behavior of some patrons are all reasons why I often wait for a movie to show up on TV. I II I think it is better to stay home. G GG General Statements T hesis Statement B lueprint C oncluding Sentence Sample Essay: The Hazards of Moviegoing

11 Body: Supporting Paragraph # 1 F irst of all, just getting to the theater presents difficulties. Leaving a home equipped with a TV and a video recorder isn't an attractive idea on a humid, cold, or rainy night. E EE Even if the weather cooperates, there is still a thirty-minute drive to the theater down a congested highway, followed by the hassle of looking for a parking space. A AA And then there are the lines. After hooking yourself to the end of a human chain, you worry about whether there will be enough tickets, whether you will get seats together, and whether many people will sneak into the line ahead of you. Transitional Words Topic Sentence (Reason 1) Supporting Detail # 1 Supporting Detail # 2 Supporting Detail # 3

12 Sample Essay: The Hazards of Moviegoing Body: Supporting Paragraph # 2 F urthermore, once you have made it to the box office and gotten your tickets, you are confronted with the problems of the theater itself. I II If you are in one of the run-down older theaters, you must adjust to the musty smell of seldom-cleaned carpets. Escaped springs lurk in the faded plush or cracked leather seats, and half the seats you sit in seem loose or tilted so that you sit at a strange angle. E EE Even, the newer twin and quad theaters offer their own problems. Sitting in an area only one-quarter the size of a regular theater, moviegoers often have to put up with the sound of the movie next door. This is especially jarring when the other movie involves racing cars or a karate war and you are trying to enjoy a quiet love story. B BB But, w ww whether the theater is old or new, it will have floors that seem to be coated with rubber cement. By the end of a movie, shoes almost have to be pried off the floor because they have become sealed to a deadly compound of spilled soda, hardening bubble gum, and crushed Jujubes. Transitions Transitions Topic Sentence Supporting Detail # 1 Supporting Detail # 2 Supporting Detail # 2 Supporting Detail # 3

13 Sample Essay: The Hazards of Moviegoing B ody: Supporting Paragraph # 3 F inally, s ss some of the patrons are even more of a problem than the theater itself. L LL Little kids race up and down the aisles, usually in giggling packs. Teenagers try to impress their friends by talking back to the screen, whistling, and making what they consider to be hilarious noises. Adults act as if they were at home in their own living rooms and comment loudly on the ages of the stars or why movies aren't as good anymore. A AA And p pp people of all ages crinkle candy wrappers, stick gum on their seats, and drop popcorn tubs or cups of crushed ice and soda on the floor. A AA Also, t tt they cough and burp, squirm endlessly in their seats, file out for repeated trips to the rest rooms or concession stand, and elbow you out of the armrest on either side of your seat. Transitions Transitions Topic Sentence Supporting Detail # 1 Supporting Detail # 2 Supporting Detail # 2 Supporting Detail # 3

14 Sample Essay: The Hazards of Moviegoing Conclusion: A ll in all, a aa after arriving home from the movies one night, I decided that I was not going to be a moviegoer anymore. I II I was tired of the problems involved in g gg getting to the movies, d dd dealing with the theater itself, a aa and s ss some of the patrons. B BB Because of that, I arranged to have cable TV service installed in my home. I may now see movies a bit later than other people, b bb but I'll be more relaxed watching box office hits in the comfort of my own living room. Transitions Statement reflecting back on thesis Restatement of key point # 1 Restatement of key point # 2 Restatement of key point # 3 Concluding statements

15 ARE YOU READY TO WRITE YOUR OWN ESSAY? BEFORE YOU WRITE YOUR ESSAY, YOU NEED TO READ AND UNDERSTAND THE PROMPT YOU ARE GIVEN.

16 THERE ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF PROMPTS, BUT WE WILL ONLY DISCUSS TWO OF THEM. EXPOSITORY PROMPTS AND PERSUASIVE PROMPTS

17 A PROMPT HAS TWO PARTS: The Writing Situation: The Directions For Writing: Helps you to think of a main idea for your essay and directs you to write about it. Introduces the topic

18 SAMPLE PROMPT: Writing Situation: The principal at your school wants to plan an activity to welcome students back to school at the beginning of next school year. Directions For Writing: Think about a aa a welcoming activity that would be fun for the students. Now write t tt to convince your principal to choose your idea for a welcoming activity. WHAT IS THE GENERAL TOPIC OF THE ESSAY? - A welcoming activity that would be fun for the students. WHAT TYPE OF ESSAY WILL YOU WRITE? - P ersuasive REMEMBER IN A PERSUASIVE PROMPT, Y YY YOU WILL FIND THE WORDS PERSUADE, CONVINCE OR TELL WHY SOMEONE SHOULD DO SOMETHING.

19 SAMPLE PROMPT: Writing Situation: Everyone has something valuable that he or she would like to put in a trunk for the future. Directions for Writing: Think about something valuable that you would like to put in a trunk for the future. Now write to explain to your readers why you would like to put that in a trunk for the future. WHAT IS THE GENERAL TOPIC OF THE ESSAY? -Something valuable that you would like to put in a trunk for the future. WHAT TYPE OF ESSAY WILL YOU WRITE? -Expository. REMEMBER IN AN EXPOSITORY PROMPT, YOU WILL FIND THE WORDS EXPLAIN, TELL HOW, OR TELL WHY.


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