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Peloponnesian War # 30 431 – 404 BCE 431 – 404 BCE Test Thursday Notebooks Due Thursday Projects Due Friday WARM UP: What was the result of the Persian.

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Presentation on theme: "Peloponnesian War # 30 431 – 404 BCE 431 – 404 BCE Test Thursday Notebooks Due Thursday Projects Due Friday WARM UP: What was the result of the Persian."— Presentation transcript:

1 Peloponnesian War # – 404 BCE 431 – 404 BCE Test Thursday Notebooks Due Thursday Projects Due Friday WARM UP: What was the result of the Persian War and how did it affect Athens?

2 Peloponnesian War 431 – 404 BCE 431 – 404 BCE Sparta gets jealous of Athens Sparta and Athens fight over control of Greece

3 Causes of the Peloponnesian War O verconfident Both sides believed they held advantages (Athens at sea, Sparta on land) over the other and would win, so they moved towards war.

4 Power struggle Athens treated Delian League city states as if they were their empire, used League funds for projects in the city of Athens (statues, etc.) Sparta feared Athens was getting too powerful.

5 Economics Athens stopped Corinth (Spartas ally) from taking over another city-state. laid siege to a colony of Corinth. Athens stopped Corinth (Spartas ally) from taking over another city-state. laid siege to a colony of Corinth. Athens slapped Megara with trade sanctions (they could not trade with any allies of Athens – a death blow to their economy. Corinth and Megara convinced Sparta to go to war with Athens.

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7 Peloponnesian War Results (404 BCE) Though Sparta had won, no one could claim victory. The war had resulted in the deaths of many of their citizens. Orchards, vineyards, and fields had been destroyed. The treasuries of the city-states had been destroyed, and faith in democracy had been reduced. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Greece became weaker, and poorer. 338 BCE - Led by Philip II the Macedonians in conquered Greece

8 Motives for war How could the goal of strengthening democracy have helped lead Athens into war?How could the goal of strengthening democracy have helped lead Athens into war? –Civic pride may have convinced citizens of Athenian invincibility.

9 Motives for war How could war be used to strengthen Athens trade empire?How could war be used to strengthen Athens trade empire? –The Athenian navy could conquer other ports and prevent Athens enemies from trading with other cities.

10 Motives for war How might war increase Athens prestige?How might war increase Athens prestige? –By making Athens the regions dominant military, economic, and cultural power.


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