Presentation on theme: "Scientific Method. Observations Observations are made with your five senses. (Sight, taste, touch, hearing, smell) They are measurable facts and not opinions."— Presentation transcript:
Observations Observations are made with your five senses. (Sight, taste, touch, hearing, smell) They are measurable facts and not opinions. Example: Example: You get in the car and turn the key. Nothing happens.
Problem The problem is usually phrased as a question. Example: Example: Why wont the car start?
Hypothesis A possible solution to the problem. You may have several hypotheses for the same problem. Example: Example: The car wont start because there is no gasoline left in the tank.
A properly stated hypothesis needs to include: 1. The IV affecting the DV. 2. A complete written sentence. IV = Independent Variable The thing that caused the problem. DV = Dependent Variable The problem.
Example: Example: Independent variable = gasoline Dependent variable = the car
Predictions A prediction statement sets the stage for an experiment. There are three key words in a prediction statement. They are: If, and, then. If the iv affects the dv, and I change the iv this way, then the dv will do this….
Example: Example: If the car is out of gasoline, and I add more gasoline, then the car should start.
Experimental Designs (gasoline) (whether the car will start). Conducting a controlled experiment means changing the independent variable (gasoline) to see the outcome of the dependent variable (whether the car will start).