2Background Greeks attacked Troy to get Helen, wife of Menelaus, back she ran off with Prince Paris of TroyGreek Kings banded together and sailed to Troy
3The OdysseyThe Iliad and The Odyssey poems were lost during the Dark Ages (beginning in the 9thcentury),but were re-discovered in Constantinople (present-day Turkey) during the Renaissance (14thcentury).
4The OdysseyThis is the first archetype of the story of a long journey and the hero.Archetype = an original model on which all others are based and/or copied.Because the long journey can be seen as a metaphor for living one’s life, this story has been examined more closely.
5Mythsstories that use fantasy to express ideas about life that aren’t expressed in realistic termsmost are religious because they’re concerned with the relationship between human beings and the unknown or spiritual realm
6Gods in Mythsare usually alter egos of the hero (a reflection of a hero’s best or worst qualities)Poseidon (god of the sea) works against Odysseus and is known for arroganceOdysseus has some of Poseidon’s qualitiestempestuous, violent and cruel.Athena (goddess of wisdom) helps Odysseus achieve his goalOdysseus has some of Athena’s qualitieswisdom, fights to protect the homeland.
7LITERARY FEATURE: HOMERIC SIMILE A Homeric or heroic simile is one that compares heroic events to everyday occurrences.Examples:"And the ship like a four-horse team careening down the plain, all breaking as one with the whiplash cracking smartly, leaping with hooves high to run the course in no time...""The heart inside him growled low with rage, as an itch mounting over her weak defenseless puppies growls, facing a stranger, bristling for a showdown--so he growled from his depths, hackles raised at their outrage."
8LITERARY FEATURE: EPITHET a miniature portrait that identifies a person or thing by highlighting a prominent characteristic of that person or thing.Homer repeated his epithets often, presumably so the listeners of his recited tales could easily remember and picture the person or thing each time it was mentioned.
9Epithet Examples “Raider of Cities” meaning Odysseus “Lord of the Clouds” meaning Zeusfleet-footed Achillesrosy-fingered dawnwine-dark seaearth-shaking Poseidongray-eyed Athena