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The Crusades Have Coat of Arms out Have Coat of Arms out Vocab due tomorrow Vocab due tomorrow Map Due tomorrow Map Due tomorrow Monday, November 15, 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "The Crusades Have Coat of Arms out Have Coat of Arms out Vocab due tomorrow Vocab due tomorrow Map Due tomorrow Map Due tomorrow Monday, November 15, 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Crusades Have Coat of Arms out Have Coat of Arms out Vocab due tomorrow Vocab due tomorrow Map Due tomorrow Map Due tomorrow Monday, November 15, 2010

2 The Authority of The Church Under the feudal system, the Catholic Church grew in power and prestige. The bishop of Rome, known as the Pope claimed authority over all Christians in Western Europe. The Pope often became involved in political affairs, and even anointed kings and rulers of various nations. Some Roman Popes were more powerful than the local monarchs. Local religious leaders also grew in power, influence, and wealth.. Other nobles often paid them tributes in hopes of obtaining the grace of God. Over time, these religious leaders became the wealthiest and most powerful leaders in Western Europe. As this happened, they became more concerned about the affairs of their estates, and less concerned about fulfilling their religious responsibilities.

3 OLD ROMAN VIEWS vs NEW MIDDLE AGE VIEWS OF LIFE FocusMaterialSpiritual Devoted to Health, Baths, Pleasure Churches, Libraries, Prayer Seeks Fame, Success, Riches Salvation Measured by Wealth, Extravagance Poverty, Simple life Live for Today Afterlife ROMANSCHRISTIANS

4 What was the mission of the crusades? Capture the Holy Land back from the infidels (unbelievers) Capture the Holy Land back from the infidels (unbelievers) Background- The Rise of Islam Background- The Rise of Islam –Islam begins in 622 –Islam began to grow and expand into an empire –Battle of Tours (732) Halted Islamic Expansion into Christian Europe Halted Islamic Expansion into Christian Europe Christians victory due to Charles Martel Christians victory due to Charles Martel

5 What were the results of the Crusades? Christians successfully took back the Holy Land of Jerusalem Christians successfully took back the Holy Land of Jerusalem Christians died on the journey to the Holy Land unable to make military gains Christians died on the journey to the Holy Land unable to make military gains Christians Unable to recapture the Holy Land of Jerusalem Christians Unable to recapture the Holy Land of Jerusalem

6 What is the Outcome of the Crusades? FAILED!! FAILED!! Holy Land stays in Muslim control Holy Land stays in Muslim control The good news: Trade between the East and West was encouraged to grow. The good news: Trade between the East and West was encouraged to grow.

7 Crusades military expeditions by the Christians to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims military expeditions by the Christians to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims consequences: consequences: –the Holy Land remained in Muslim control –religious tension increased between Christians and Muslims –trade increased –new ideas were brought to Europe –Christian scholars read translations of Greek works made by Muslims –rise in education –feudal system weakened –popes power declined

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