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Roman Republic Notes #36 -Vocab and Questions Due Today -Map Due Tomorrow Warm Up: Who were the founders of Rome and what did they teach the Romans. Set.

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Presentation on theme: "Roman Republic Notes #36 -Vocab and Questions Due Today -Map Due Tomorrow Warm Up: Who were the founders of Rome and what did they teach the Romans. Set."— Presentation transcript:

1 Roman Republic Notes #36 -Vocab and Questions Due Today -Map Due Tomorrow Warm Up: Who were the founders of Rome and what did they teach the Romans. Set up #36 for Cornell Notes

2 Romans rebel against cruel king in 509 B.C.E. Etruscan kings were accused of crimes and expelled. Law allowing anyone plotting to be king to be killed on the spot. Created a Republic Republic = form of government where the citizens have the power Start of a new Roman Government

3 509 B.C.E. Rome = small city Slowly expands. 338 B.C.E. defeat the other Latins 284 B.C.E. defeat Etruscans 267 B.C.E. defeat the Greeks The Republic is growing ROMAN REPUBLIC 509 BCE – 46 BCE (approx 500 years)

4 What was life like in the Republic? ROME BECAME A LARGE CITY THAT WAS ABOUT 500 MILES AROUND OUSTED KING AND INVENTED REPUBLICAN FORM OF GOVERNMENT ONLY FREE-BORN MALES COULD VOTE (ROMAN MENS CLUB)

5 PATRICIANS WERE WEALTHY LANDOWNERS-MOST CONTROL PLEBEIANS WERE FARMERS, MERCHANTS AND ARTISANS PATRICIANS INHERITED POWER AND SOCIAL STATUS PLEBEIANS COULD NOT HOLD IMPORTANT POSITIONS IN GOVERNMENT

6 Romes republic was shaped by a struggle between wealthy nobles and regular citizens. Plebeians Patricians

7 Plebeians Majority of the population Artisans, shopkeepers, small farm owners Citizens (male)– could vote, pay taxes, serve in army Could not marry a Patrician Could not serve in government Patricians Wealthy land owners Nobles that made up the ruling class Citizens (male)– could vote, had to pay taxes and serve in the army Could not marry a Plebian Could serve in government

8 Patricians Plebeians Slaves Power in the Roman Republic

9 How the Roman How the Roman Republic works Republic works

10 Senate Assembly Consuls Dictator. How the Republic Works Division of Power 1 person 2 men 300 members Rest of population population

11 1. T op government official 2. T wo chosen every year 3. H eaded the army and ran the government 4. S erved short term….avoided risk of abusing power 5. V eto The right of the consul to reject the others decision. Latin for I forbid Consuls

12 men 2. C hosen for life 3. A dvise Consul 4. D eal with other countries 5. P roposes laws 6. A pprove public works 7. D eal with daily government problems Senate Latin for old men

13 Assembly 1. C itizen soldiers – a voting assembly 2. P ower comes slowly 3. First step towards democracy

14 TWELVE TABLES Plebeians go on strike for more say in the government. Leave the farms and the army to go sit on the Palatine Hill (Forum) Patricians compromise- Pass a written code of law called the TWELVE TABLES. Laws were harsh, but equal

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