9General ReformsFreedom of worshipStabilized food pricesClass EqualityRebuilt ParisGot rid of 10 day week (& calendar)
10Legal Reform:The Napoleonic Code – single set of laws for all of FranceEquality of lawBasic libertiesRestored slaveryLimits on women’s rightsLimits on political rights and freedom of speech and pressNO LAWS APPLIED TO NAPOLEON
11Class Reforms Clergy Improved Catholic’s status Gave back land Dropped state controls
12NobilityAllowed nobility to return from exileGave back land and political status
13BourgeoisieStabilized markets and tradeLowered taxesPeasantsJobsLowered food prices
14Napoleon as a Military Leader Wave of victoriesAwesome General – People liked/loved him
161. Spain – kicked out old king and put his brother, Joseph, in charge of Spain. Spanish fought back with help from the British. Guerrilla Warfare destroyed the French. Napoleon has to pull out (300,000 French killed)
17Continental System Napoleon tried to isolate trade with Britain (to hurt their economy), but it backfired.Battle of Trafalgar - Napoleon lost to the British navy. This was Napoleon’s first major defeat
18BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR British French Lord Nelson – Admiral Villeneuve- Crosses the T” The British More ships, slower ships have better communication Shoot chainshot into faster fire of cannons rigging and shoot the hull of the ship
22While Napoleon was “down,” the other countries ganged up to defeat him at the Battle of Leipzig (Battle of Nations)
23Napoleon gives up the throne and was exiled to Elba.
24100 Days - Napoleon’s return to power People didn’t like Louis XVIII (brother of the guillotined king)Napoleon escaped Elba (Louis fled)Napoleon regained full powerNapoleon: best defense is a good offense. He attacked the British General Wellington at Waterloo (Belgium)Napoleon was defeated for the final time
25This time he’s sent to St. Helena, between Africa and South America He died in 1821 of a stomach ailment.
26LEGACY Rise of Nationalism ·Division of people by country not social class·People willing to go to war based on love of country·Wars to combine city-states, divide empires
27LEGACY (CONTINUED) Need for: · Coalitions and alliances Diplomacy as an option to war
28LEGACY (CONTINUED)Spread of ideas: Political philosophy Revolution as an option Equality, speech, voting, propertyRise of a professional military