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4HOPS MC 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point Anatomy/BackgroundMCHOPSMCInjuries 1:MCInjuries 2:MCTrue/FalseAnatomy10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points
5The main supporting ligament of the medial longitudinal arch is: A. DeltoidB. Long Plantar LigamentC. Plantar AponeurosisD. Plantar Calcaneonavicular
6Muscles that produce supination are the: A. Peroneus Longus and BrevisB. Tibialis Posterior and Flexor Digitorum LongusC. Gastrocnemius and SoleusD. Extensor Digitorum Longus and Brevis
7Which of the following is the best type of shoe for a person who excessively pronates? A. Flexible with Rearfoot ControlB. Less Flexible with a High ArchC. Rigid with a Loose RearfootD. Less Flexible with Rearfoot Control
8Which of the following bones is the main bearer of weight in the foot? A. First MetatarsalB. First CuneiformC. Second CuneiformD. Second Metatarsal
9Which of the following is NOT considered part of the stance phase? A. Initial ContactB. Pre-SwingC. MidstanceD. Mid-swing
10A pes planus foot is associated with A. Fallen Metatarsal HeadsB. PronationC. Tight Achilles TendonD. Pes cavus
11A general term to describe pain in the ball of the foot is: A. BursitisB. MetatarsalgiaC. Morton's SyndromeD. Exostoses
12Another name for an abnormally high arch is: A. Pes PlantarisB. Pes EquinaC. Pes CavusD. Hallus Rigidis
13When observing and doing special tests, one should always A. Go to the point of painB. Do a bilateral comparisonC. Do each test 3 timesD. Only record the positive signs
14Pulses found in the foot are: A. Dorsal pedis and posterior tibialB. Fibula anterior and plantar pedisC. Hallus longus and brevisD. Morton’s and Jone’s
15A condition in which the common plantar nerve becomes entrapped between the 3rd and 4th metatarsal heads producing radiating pain distally is calledA. Morton’s NeuromaB. Interdigital SyndromeC. Hammer ToesD. Hallux Neuritis
16A fracture caused by severe inversion and dorsiflexion would occur to which of the following bones? A. NavicularB. Lateral MalleolusC. TalusD. Sesamoid Bones
17Sever’s disease is an apophyseal traction-type injury commonly seen at the: A. Peroneal Attachment on the Fifth MetatarsalB. Tibialis Posterior Attachment on the NavicularC. Extensor Hallucis Longus Attachment on the Great ToeD. Achilles Tendon Attachment on the Calcaneus
18A common foot condition with a sudden onset of pain in the arch region that is relieved by becoming non weight-bearing and gives extreme point tenderness at the plantar surface of the calcaneus may be indicative of a:A. Plantar FasciitisB. Stress FractureC. Bruised InstepD. Plantar neuroma
19A fracture caused by severe inversion and dorsiflexion would occur to which of the following bones? A. NavicularB. Lateral MalleolusC. TalusD. Sesamoid Bones
20Pain on the anterior medial heel that occurs with the first steps in the morning is indicative of: A. Calcaneal FractureB. Plantar FasciitisC. Calcaneal ApophysisD. Cuboid Subluxation
21Which of the following is NOT a prevalent cause of metatarsalgia? A. Restricted Extensibility of the Gastrocnemius-Soleus ComplexB. Fallen Metatarsal ArchC. Abnormally Short First Metatarsal BoneD. Hammer or Clawed Toes
22A bunion is usually associated with a bone growth on: A. The First ToeB. Any of the ToesC. The Medial MalleolusD. The Ball of the Foot
23BONUSSever’s disease is an apophyseal traction-type injury commonly seen at the:A. Peroneal Attachment on the Fifth MetatarsalB. Tibialis Posterior Attachment on the NavicularC. Extensor Hallucis Longus Attachment on the Great ToeD. Achilles Tendon Attachment on the Calcaneus
24An irritation located between the calcaneous and the Achilles tendon commonly called a “pump bump” is known as:A. Retrocalcaneal BursitisB. Sever’s DiseaseC. Heel Spur SyndromeD. Stress Fracture
25During running, both feet are off the surface at one time.
26In excessive supination, the majority of the weight is absorbed by the first and fifth metatarsals.
27The stance phase accounts for 60% of the total gait cycle in ambulation.
28For an athlete that has excessive pronation, one should have a rigid shoe.
29A hammertoe is a flexible deformity that becomes fixed.