Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18 Review The Ankle and Lower Leg Choose a category. You will be given the answer. You must give the correct question. Click to begin."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 18 Review The Ankle and Lower Leg
Choose a category. You will be given the answer. You must give the correct question. Click to begin.
Click here for Final Jeopardy
Anatomy/ Background MC Special Tests MC True/ False True/ False Anatomy 10 Point 20 Points 30 Points 40 Points 50 Points 10 Point 20 Points 30 Points 40 Points 50 Points 30 Points 40 Points 50 Points Special Tests
The lateral compartment of the leg comprises what muscles? A. Tibialis Anterior, Extensor Hallucis Longus, Extensor Digitorum Longus B. Abductor Hallucis, Lumbricals, Interossei C. Peroneus Longus, Extensor Digitorum Longus D. Peronues Brevis, Peroneus Longus, Peroneus Tertius
The normal range of motion for dorsiflexion of the ankle is: A. 5 Degrees B. 10 Degrees C. 15 Degrees D. 20 Degrees
Which of the following would be a specific functional test for dorsiflexion? A. Walk on Heels B. Walk on Toes C. Walk on the Borders of the Feet D. Jumping
Athletes who have pronated or hypermobile feet have a higher incidence of: A. Achilles Tendon Strains B. Lateral Ankle Sprains C. Eversion Ankle Sprains D. Fallen Metatarsal Arch
It has been suggested that early in the rehabilitation process for the ankle that joint mobilizations should be directed toward which range(s) of motion? A. Dorsiflexion and Planterflexion B. Inversion and Eversion C. Medial and Anterior Gliding D. Lateral and Posterior Gliding
When squeezing the calf muscle with the leg extended and the foot hanging over the edge of the table, you are performing which test for Achilles tendon rupture? A. Apley Squeeze Test B. Babinski Test C. Compression Test D. Thompson Test
When a fracture of the lower leg is suspected, what test can be done to reaffirm your suspicions? A. Range-of-Motion Test B. Percussion Test C. Auscultation Test D. Cutaneous Sensation Test
A positive talar tilt test with the calcaneous inverted, indicates damage to which ligament? A. Posterior Tibiofibular B. Deltoid C. Calcaneofibular D. Anterior Tibiofibular
A positive anterior drawer test indicates damage to which ligament? A. Anterior Talofibular B. Anterior Tibiofibular C. Calcaneofibular D. Posterior Talofibular
TRUE/ FALSE When testing joint stability using an anterior drawer test, one must have the patient relax and compare bilaterally.
Inversion Talar Tilt
Eversion Talar Tilt
Of the two bones of the leg, the tibia supports more of the weight.
The distal end of the tibia becomes enlarged, rounded, and projecting as it approaches the ankle, thus forming the lateral malleolus.
Because the talus is wider posteriorly than anteriorly, the most stable position of the ankle is with the foot in plantarflexion.
BONUS Normal range of motion for an ankle is 10 degrees of dorsiflexion and 50 degrees of plantarflexion.
A tight heel cord forces the foot into eversion, making it more susceptible to a lateral ankle sprain.
Achilles tendon strains occur most often as a result of an ankle sprains or sudden excessive dorsiflexion of the ankle.
An Achilles tendon rupture usually occurs 2 to 6 cm proximal to its insertion onto the calcaneous.
Athletes who have biomechanical foot problems are more prone to stress fractures of the lower leg.
Tape that constricts soft tissue can cause serious injury by disrupting the biomechanics of the foot.
1.When testing joint stability using an anterior drawer test, one must have the patient relax and compare bilaterally.
Head of Fibula
Make your wager
What are the 3 motions for an inversion ankle sprain