How far must the sternum be depressed in an adult to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) effectively? A. 1/2 to 1 inch B. 1 to 1 1/2 inches C. 1 1/2 to 2 inches D. 2 to 2 1/2 inches
When performing chest compressions on an adult, where does the rescuer place the heel of the hand? A. Four fingers inferior to the xiphoid process B. On the xiphoid process C. On the center of the sternum D. On the sternum between the nipples
When carrying out cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the first step to ensure the athletes airway is open is to: A. Strike the athlete sharply on the back between the shoulders B. Properly position the athletes chin C. Listen to the chest with a stethoscope for breathing sounds D. None of the above
When using an AED, where are the pads placed on the chest? A. Left apex and right base of the chest B. Right apex and left base of the chest C. Left side, one on each side of the heart D. Over the sternum and left base of the chest
When doing chest compressions, the rate of compression should be: A. 100 compressions per minute B. 200 compressions per minute C. 60 compressions per minute D. As fast as you can
Which of these is not a symptom of shock? A. Patient has a very slow pulse B. Athlete may appear sluggish or exceptionally drowsy C. Respirations are shallow and rapid D. Pulse is very weak and hard to discern
The first step to establish unresponsiveness of an athlete is: A. Determine whether he/she is breathing normally B. Roll back the upper eyelid and check for pupil dilation C. Gently tap his/her shoulder and ask, Are you OK? D. Check the carotid pulse
Common airway obstructions in athletes may be because of: A. Mouth guards B. Dislodged dental work C. Gum and chewing tobacco D. All the above
The type of shock that results from trauma in which there is blood loss is called: A. Anaphylactic shock B. Hypovolemic shock C. Metabolic shock D. Cardiogenic shock
The pressure point most commonly used in the upper body to control external bleeding is the: A. Radial artery B. Brachial artery C. Ulnar artery D. Carotid artery
In transporting an athlete with a suspected spinal or pelvic injury: A. Carry the athlete with the help of three assistants, one supporting each leg and the third supporting the trunk as you support the head and neck B. Use ambulatory aid C. Use manual conveyance D. Use a spine board and move under medical direction
After a quick on-site injury inspection and evaluation, the athletic trainer must make what decision? A. Seriousness of the injury and type of first aid necessary B. Need for immediate referral to a physician for further care C. Manner of transportation from the injury site D. All of the above
Which type of assistance is given to an athlete that is able to walk after an injury? A. Manual Conveyance B. Two-Man Carry C. Ambulatory Aid D. Scoop Assist
When an athlete is being placed on a spine board, which of the following personnel is in control? A. The physician B. The head athletic trainer C. The person stabilizing the victims head D. The EMT who arrives on the scene
Bonus Which of the following ice treatments should not be directly applied to the skin of an individual? A. Ice towels B. Ice packs C. Ice cups D. Frozen gel packs
In a suspected neck fracture, open the airway by using a modified jaw thrust, keeping the victims head in a fixed neutral position.
One performs the Heimlich maneuver for a conscious person by placing the thumb side of the grasped fist immediately below the xiphoid process of the victims sternum.
For an athlete who has become unconscious and has an airway obstruction, you want to straddle the victim and push into his/her chest five times.
Shock occurs when there is a diminished amount of blood available to the circulatory system.
BONUS In treating for shock, one should always elevate the feet 12 to 16 inches from the floor.
Lower-arm and wrist fractures should be splinted in a position of elbow flexion.
Brain injury, alcohol or drug poisoning is indicated by one or both pupils failing to accommodate to light.
A horseshoe pad may be placed around the malleolus in combination with an elastic wrap and tape to prevent or reduce ankle edema.
The inability to move a body part can indicate a serious central nervous system injury that has involved the motor system.
During RICE, one should ice for approxiamate 20 minutes every 1- 1 ½ hours.
When fitting an athlete with crutches it is necessary to place the arm pads snug into the axilla for proper stabilization while walking.
If an injured athlete in a pool requires CPR, immediately start rescue breathing prior to removing them from the pool.
When using a cane to assist an injured athlete with ambulation, the cane should be used on the same side as the injured limb.
A red skin color on a light-colored individual may indicate: A. Insufficient circulation, shock, or fright B. Heatstroke, high blood pressure, or carbon monoxide poisoning C. Hemorrhage, heat exhaustion, or insulin shock D. Cyanosis in the lips and fingernails or airway obstruction
In an effort to accurately assess the extent of a musculoskeletal injury, it is vitally important to know: A. The athletes medical history B. The conditions of the playing field C. The mechanism of the injury D. Pre-existing congenital conditions