9Eccentric Contraction followed by a Rapid Concentric Contraction
10Increasing the strenuousness of exercise to a consistently higher level through maximum or near-maximum stimulation is an application of what principle?A. OvertrainingB. ConditioningC. OverloadD. DAPRE
11The predominance of one type of muscle fiber over another in the human body results primarily from: A. Conditioning programB. GenderC. AgeD. Inherited genetic factors
12The ability of the body to undergo prolonged whole body activity or to resist stresses during prolonged activity is:A. Strength trainingB. PowerC. Cardiorespiratory enduranceD. Circuit training
13The greatest rate in which oxygen can be taken in and utilized during exercise is referred to as: A. Residual volumeB. Tidal volumeC. Cardiovascular enduranceD. VO2 max
14If the intensity of an activity is such that sufficient oxygen can be supplied to meet the demands of working tissues, the activity is:A. AerobicB. AnaerobicC. IsotonicD. Isometric
15ATP is produced in the muscle from blood glucose, which is derived from the breakdown of dietary carbohydrates.
16Isometric contractions increase the strength throughout the full range of motion of any given joint.
17With proper cardiovascular training, any individual has the ability to increase his/her VO2 max to 70to80 ml/kg/min.
18Overtraining can have a negative effect on muscular strength, but can be avoided through proper training techniques and getting appropriate rest.
19BonusThe position of the insertion point of a muscle can determine how much force the muscle is able to generate.
24The Golgi tendon organs respond to increased tension after: BONUSThe Golgi tendon organs respond to increased tension after:A. At least 6 secondsB. 60 to 70 secondsC. 10 to 20 secondsD. 20 to 30 seconds
25A soccer player running ten 120 yd sprints in under 20 seconds each with a 1 minute walking recovery period between each sprint is an example of:A. Continuous TrainingB. Fartlek TrainingC. Interval TrainingD. Conditioning
26When a sprinter runs the 60-yard dash he/she is primarily using which type of muscle fiber? A. Muscle SpindlesB. Golgi Tendon OrgansC. Fast TwitchD. Slow Twitch
27Which strength training method changes the length of the muscle while the contraction is performed at a constant velocity?A. IsometricB. IsotonicC. IsokineticD. Isodynamic
28All of the following exercises are appropriate for improving strength in a young adolescent athlete EXCEPT:A. CalisthenicsB. Body Weight SquatsC. Push-UpsD. Power Cleans
29For an isomteric exercise, one should hold the contraction for: A. 10 secondsB. 1 minuteC. 10 minutesD. 1 hour
30Eccentric contractions create a greater force than concentric contractions.
31Excessive weight training impairs one’s ability to develop flexibility
32Females tend to experience initial rapid gains in strength which will tend to plateau after 3-4 weeks.
33Training of a particular muscle group should occur 3-4 times per week and not on successive days.
34During a microcycle training should be intense early in the week, progress to moderate, and finally light toward the end or the day before competition.