Presentation on theme: "The Knee & Related Structures"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Knee & Related Structures Chapter 20 ReviewThe Knee & Related Structures
2 You will be given the answer. You must give the correct question. JeopardyChoose a category.You will be given the answer.You must give the correct question.Click to begin.
3 Click here for Final Jeopardy Choose a point value.Choose a point value.Click here for Final Jeopardy
4 Special Tests MC 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point Anatomy/BackgroundMCSpecialTestsMCInjuriesMCTrue/ FalseSpecial TestsTrue/FalseInjuriesInjuries10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points
5 The ligament that protects the knee from a valgus stress and external rotational forces is the: A. Anterior cruciate ligamentB. Posterior cruciate ligamentC. Medial collateral ligamentD. Lateral collateral ligament
6 The strongest cruciate ligament of the knee is the: A. Anterior cruciateB. Posterior cruciateC. Arcuate cruciateD. Lateral cruciate
7 Q angles, for males and females, that exceed degrees are be considered excessive and may lead to patellar tracking problems.A. 5B. 10C. 15D. 20
8 When measuring for a functional leg-length discrepancy, one should take the measurements from: A. The greater trochanter to the lateral malleolusB. The umbilicus to the medial malleolusC. The anterior superior iliac spine to the lateral malleolusD. The posterior superior iliac spine to the medial malleolus
9 Anterior gliding of the tibial plateau in relation to the femur is called: A. ShiftingB. TranslationC. FlexibilityD. Laxity
10 The Lachman test is used to evaluate stability of the: A. Medial collateral ligamentB. Anterior cruciate ligamentC. MeniscusD. Patellar femoral joint
11 Running, turning, figure-eights, backing up, and stopping are what types of test? A. Muscle strengthB. StressC. FunctionalD. Range of motion
12 An anterior drawer test with the lower leg internally rotated 30 degrees tests for possible damage to:A. Medial collateral ligament and posterolateral capsuleB. Anterior cruciate ligament and posterolateral capsuleC. Lateral collateral ligament and posteromedial capsuleD. Anterior cruciate ligament and posteromedial capsule
13 In the patellar compression test, what position is the knee in? A. Fully extended with the leg resting comfortably on the tableB. Flexed at 90 degrees over the end of the tableC. Flexed at 20 degrees with a towel placed underneath the kneeD. Flexed at 45 degrees with the hip also flexed at 45 degrees
14 A rehabilitative brace is typically worn: A. 2 to 4 weeks post surgeryB. 4 to 8 weeks post surgeryC weeks post surgeryD. 3 to 6 weeks post surgery
15 A gradual degenerative condition affecting the underside of the patella is called: A. PatellaritisB. Chondromalacia patellaC. Osteochondritis dissecansD. Osgood-Schlatter's disease
16 The mechanism of injury that leaves the posterior cruciate ligament at greatest risk for injury is: A. Hyperextension of the kneeB. Falling with the knee bent and the foot dorsiflexedC. Landing on the anterior aspect of the bent knee with the foot plantarflexedD. A valgus stress with the knee fully extended
17 A painful condition involving partial or complete separation of a piece of articular cartilage or subchondral bone is:A. Joint miceB. Osteochondritis dissecansC. Osgood-Schlatter diseaseD. Larsen-Johansson disease
18 A condition common to runners and cyclists having genu varum (pronated feet) that leads to pain and irritation over the lateral femoral condyle is:A. Pes anserinus tendinitisB. Jumper's kneeC. Iliotibial band syndromeD. Biceps femoris tendonitis
19 Which of the following is the most common direction for the patella to sublux? A. LaterallyB. SuperiorlyC. MediallyD. Inferiorly
20 Both varus and valgus stress tests may be successfully performed if done only in the fully extended position.
21 The Lachman drawer test is preferred over other drawer tests for immediately after an injury due to decrease range of motion.
22 The pivot-shift test is designed to determine anterolateral rotary instability; and is often used in evaluating chronic conditions of the ACL.
23 BONUSThe McMurray test is used to determine the presence of loose bodies in the knee and is performed by having the athlete lie face down with the affected knee at 90 degrees flexion and compressing downward on the injured leg.
24 One of the most important aspects of a good evaluation is understanding the mechanism of injury by taking a good history.