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GASB Statement No. 51 Accounting and Financial Reporting for Intangible Assets Implementation Issues Herbert Maguire, CPA, CGFM, MBA Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Presentation on theme: "GASB Statement No. 51 Accounting and Financial Reporting for Intangible Assets Implementation Issues Herbert Maguire, CPA, CGFM, MBA Commonwealth of Pennsylvania."— Presentation transcript:

1 GASB Statement No. 51 Accounting and Financial Reporting for Intangible Assets Implementation Issues Herbert Maguire, CPA, CGFM, MBA Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

2 2 DEFINITION For the purposes of the Statement, an intangible asset possesses ALL of the following characteristics: Lack of physical substance Lack of physical substance Non-financial nature Non-financial nature Initial useful life extends beyond a single financial reporting period Initial useful life extends beyond a single financial reporting period

3 3 EXAMPLES OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS Easements Easements Water Rights Water Rights Timber Rights Timber Rights Patents Patents Trademarks Trademarks Computer Software Computer Software

4 4 EXAMPLES OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS Easements Easements Water Rights Water Rights Timber Rights Timber Rights Patents Patents Trademarks Trademarks Computer Software Computer Software

5 5 EXAMPLES OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS Easements Easements Water Rights Water Rights Timber Rights Timber Rights Patents Patents Trademarks Trademarks Computer Software Computer Software

6 6 EXAMPLES OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS Easements Easements Water Rights Water Rights Timber Rights Timber Rights Patents Patents Trademarks Trademarks Computer Software Computer Software

7 7 EXAMPLES OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS Easements Easements Water Rights Water Rights Timber Rights Timber Rights Patents Patents Trademarks Trademarks Computer Software Computer Software

8 8 EXAMPLES OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS Easements Easements Water Rights Water Rights Timber Rights Timber Rights Patents Patents Trademarks Trademarks Computer Software Computer Software

9 9 Basic Guidance All intangible assets subject to Statement 51 should be classified as capital assets

10 10 LAND USE RIGHTS Timber rights, Water rights, Mineral rights Most of these rights will not be reportable, as they are exempt from reporting under Statement 51 if they are/were acquired as a result of purchasing the land on which they exist.

11 11 Lets Talk about SOFTWARE SOFTWAREnext.

12 12 SOFTWARE KEY TERMS Internally Generated: software created by the government or by an entity for the government; OR a commercial software that requires more than minimal incremental effort on the part of the government to begin to achieve its expected level of service capacity Internally Generated: software created by the government or by an entity for the government; OR a commercial software that requires more than minimal incremental effort on the part of the government to begin to achieve its expected level of service capacity COTS (commercial off the shelf): commercial software not requiring more than minimal incremental effort to begin to achieve an expected level of service COTS (commercial off the shelf): commercial software not requiring more than minimal incremental effort to begin to achieve an expected level of service

13 13 SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Project Stage Associated Activities Accounting Treatment PRELIMINARY Concept formulation; evaluation of alternatives; feasibility EXPENSE APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT Application design; configuration of interfaces; coding; installation to hardware; testing CAPITALIZE POST- IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATIONS Application training; software maintenance EXPENSE

14 14 SOFTWARE MODIFICATIONS Outlays associated with modification of existing software MAY require capitalization if modifications result in: Increased functionality Increased functionality Increased efficiency Increased efficiency Extension of useful life Extension of useful life

15 15 REPORTING REQUIREMENTS Reporting is required for financial periods beginning after June 30, 2009 Reporting is required for financial periods beginning after June 30, 2009 Retroactive reporting is required for intangible assets except internally generated assets Retroactive reporting is required for intangible assets except internally generated assets Historical costs of any internally generated software that will be implemented after June 30, 2009 must be captured for reporting Historical costs of any internally generated software that will be implemented after June 30, 2009 must be captured for reporting

16 16 Amortization Existing guidance for depreciation of capital assets generally applies to amortizing intangible assets Existing guidance for depreciation of capital assets generally applies to amortizing intangible assets Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives should not be amortized Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives should not be amortized

17 17 CHALLENGES Educating stakeholders on GASB 51. Educating stakeholders on GASB 51. Identifying and valuing intangibles that must be capitalized Identifying and valuing intangibles that must be capitalized Check with Legal Counsel on patents, trademarks, rights of way, etc. Check with Legal Counsel on patents, trademarks, rights of way, etc. Determining useful lives and capitalization thresholds for intangible assets. Determining useful lives and capitalization thresholds for intangible assets.

18 18 CHALLENGES Computer software challenges: Computer software challenges: Establishing and verifying stages of software development and their related costs Establishing and verifying stages of software development and their related costs Capturing internal costs during the application development stage. Capturing internal costs during the application development stage. Establishing minimal incremental effort Establishing minimal incremental effort Capturing capitalizable retroactive software costs Capturing capitalizable retroactive software costs Retroactive – Can do COTS only Retroactive – Can do COTS only Prospective – Must do COTS and internal costs. Prospective – Must do COTS and internal costs.

19 19 CHALLENGES Computer software challenges (contd) Computer software challenges (contd) Identifying and capitalizing costs of major modifications or upgrades. Identifying and capitalizing costs of major modifications or upgrades. Addressing variety of software agreements to determine if capitalizable and how much to capitalize. Addressing variety of software agreements to determine if capitalizable and how much to capitalize. Software licenses Software licenses Upgrades Upgrades Modifications Modifications Cloud computing Cloud computing Hosting agreements Hosting agreements

20 20 CHALLENGES Computer software challenges (contd) Computer software challenges (contd) Business Process Reengineering costs are not capitalizable – must identify and exclude Business Process Reengineering costs are not capitalizable – must identify and exclude State funding of major software applications – can bonds be floated? State funding of major software applications – can bonds be floated? Federal approval and funding of capitalizable software applications of central agencies (such as ERP systems). Federal approval and funding of capitalizable software applications of central agencies (such as ERP systems).

21 CHALLENGES 21 Excerpt from HHS DCA Letter Dated September 17, 2007 September 17, 2007 ….Statement No. 51….the general principles contained therein should be complied with for charging federal programs. …… It is not acceptable to expense all of the costs of significant software projects and charge Federal programs based upon budgetary needs to finance the projects or as costs are incurred. ….. Federal programs only benefit and should only be charged for amortization of the capitalized costs once the software programs are implemented and in use by Federal programs. ….Statement No. 51….the general principles contained therein should be complied with for charging federal programs. …… It is not acceptable to expense all of the costs of significant software projects and charge Federal programs based upon budgetary needs to finance the projects or as costs are incurred. ….. Federal programs only benefit and should only be charged for amortization of the capitalized costs once the software programs are implemented and in use by Federal programs. States that have initiated or are planning software projects that will be allocated or billed to Federal programs, whether as a direct or an indirect cost, should submit their planned accounting and billing or allocation methodology to their cognizant DCA Regional Office for review. States that have initiated or are planning software projects that will be allocated or billed to Federal programs, whether as a direct or an indirect cost, should submit their planned accounting and billing or allocation methodology to their cognizant DCA Regional Office for review.

22 CHALLENGES Lack of OMB Circular A-87 guidance on capitalizing/amortizing intangibles. Lack of OMB Circular A-87 guidance on capitalizing/amortizing intangibles. ARRA software useful life. ARRA software useful life. 22

23 23 RESOURCES GASB 51 and its Basis of conclusions and examples GASB 51 and its Basis of conclusions and examples GASB Implementation Q&A Section GASB Implementation Q&A Section NASC GASB 51 Work Group url: NASC GASB 51 Work Group url:http://www.nasact.org/nasc/committees/statement51/index.cfm


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