Presentation on theme: "European and Chinese Cooperation on Grid EU and China Roadmapping the future cooperation ENG Andrea Manieri."— Presentation transcript:
European and Chinese Cooperation on Grid EU and China Roadmapping the future cooperation ENG Andrea Manieri
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Summary Project objectives The Chinese perspective The Roadmapping process The selected challenges
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June EchoGRID – FP6 SSA Europe Chinese Co-Operation on the Grid Consortium formed by major R&D organizations in EU and China ERCIM FR (INRIA, STFC, CNR & FhG) NTUA GR Atos Origin SP Engineering IT THALES FR Beihang University CN ICT CN CNIC CN NUDT CN HUAWEI CN
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June EchoGRID Major Goals Foster collaboration in Grid research and technologies by defining short-, mid-, and long-term vision in the field Establish a common Grid Collaboration Roadmap, relying on European and Chinese experts, both from academia and industry; Consolidate this vision and promote cross-fertilisation between Grid- related projects and initiatives in Europe and China by interacting with the GRID research and industrial communities; Exchange experiences and best practices by selecting Grid Open Standards for Grid middleware and applications interoperability and by promoting the identification of guidelines for building a Standard Quality Assurance Process
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June EchoGRID Outcomes 3, 5 and 10 years roadmaps developing a shared European and Chinese vision of future GRID research perspectives for both research and industrial communities on which both sides may collaborate; a EU-China Interoperability Grid Plugtests to test and improve interoperability mechanisms of Grid middleware; a series of conferences and workshops open to both European & Chinese participants from research, industry, government, SMEs and user communities; a collaborative Multilingual Portal for grid-related resources
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Echogrid roadmap: toward interoperable grids Interoperation between EU and Chinese grid systems in short, medium, long periods Mutual areas of concerns New programming paradigms Grid architectures Grid Management Virtual Organisations The Component Model Workflows – Business processes
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Chinese perspective Chinas Medium to Long Term Plan for the Development of Science and Technology ( ): released in early 2006, calls for China to become an innovation oriented nation by the year 2020 and a world leader in science and technology by China will – invest 2.5% of its increasing gross domestic product (GDP) in research and development (R&D) by 2020, up from 1.34% in 2005; – derive more than 60% of economic growth from technological advance; – limit its dependence on imported technology to no more than 30% (from 50%); – become one of the top 5 countries in the world in the number of invention patents granted to Chinese citizens and in the number of citations to Chinese authored scientific papers.
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Two very large Chinese Grids CNGrid Funded by Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) Contact: Depei Qian GOS developed by 12 universities ChinaGrid Funded by the Ministry of Education 22 key universities CGSP V1.0, developed by a joint team from 5 universities
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June eScience in China China Science Grid –Funded by Natural Science Foundation of China –Connect different Grid platforms together –Integrate resources from different Grids –Contact: Guojie Li Platforms Resources Applications Crown Grid –a Grid testbed that facilitates scientific research –Funded by Natural Science Foundation of China
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Virtual Air Plane Design Grid Grid applications in China
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June China Semantic Grid China National Basic Research and Development Plan Program (973) Contact: Hai Zhuge Application in China: Dunhuang Culture Grid
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June EchoGRID first year annual review Brussels – 13 March Governance 7 Financing 6 Vocabularies 5 IGTF 4 Tech.Standards 3 Plugtests 2 OMII Europe 1 EUCHinaGrid ECHOgrid EGI in Europe EGEE projects 863 Prog CNGrid
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Drivers for the adoption – on going DRIVERS Market needs EconomicReliable system (complete solution) New Techno available (from eScience to eBusiness) including Virtualisation Better usage of ICT infrastr New Applications EUXXXXX PRCXXXX Disclaimer (These initial results will be further validated by mean of an on-line survey in the next months)
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Barriers against the adoption– on going BARRIERS Organisational and clutural ( less entusiasm in adopting new technology) BusinessLegalStandardisation (lack of), by mean of interop and quality control SecurityGrid system complexity EUXXXXX PRCXXX Disclaimer (These initial results will be further validated by mean of an on-line survey in the next months)
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Cooperation mechanisms Develop gateways, Develop common components, Test interoperability, Develop common standards, Use common security and certification infrastructure supported by the IGTF, Establish common controlled vocabularies for policies and semantically rich descriptions, Agree common accounting mechanisms, Establish an international governance institution.
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Ways of roadmapping By dividing the grid technological issues into six specific areas New programming paradigms Grid architectures Grid management Virtual organisations The component model Workflow – business progress By defining the expected progresses along the roadmap at three points In three, Five, and Ten years.
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June New programming paradigms Corba-like extensions to grids RMI, socket –based communitications MPI Too many architectural details are exposed to programmers Difficulties in learning Unconventional approaches: Chemical programming; Autonomic Element Programming (exploiting Web 2.), Pipe-based Programming (GSML – funnel) China –NSFC, 863, 973 EU –More generally on services –Coregrid NoE initiatives Echogrids recommends –Support long-term research –Joint unconventional and grid programming approaches
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Grid architectures OGSA and WSRF Lack of clear architectural model lead to wrong implementing assumptions Service-oriented Frameworks Resembling Enterprise Service Bus architecture Fully covered –Software & Services –Architectures and InfrastructuresPrograms and recommendations Echogrid recommends –Put effort in dynamism –Emphasize the development of WS standards for grids (also supporting backwards compatibility) –Develop open source competitors for tools supporting distribute SOA infrastructures (e.g. WebSphere)
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Grid management Several initiatives –EU( e.g.UK NGS) –China (iVCE, CNGrid, SDG, etc) –SDO initative (OGF on management area) Ideas and challenges: –Standardization and prototype –Declarative semantics based management –Autonomic Grid management On-going projects both from EU and China Some SDO initiatives (OGF, OASIS, etc) Echogrid recommends –Explicite Grid management in next FP7 and 863 programs –Take into consideration Telco standards inputs –ETSI as standardisation and regulatory body for Member States
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Virtual organisations VO –includes user/role management, resource management, trust and security management functionalities –should have the properties including: dynamic, QoS guarantee and scalable, –wishes to exist stably for any (short or longer) time, it should have a business model Limitations –Supporting from the underlying OS and Grid middleware –Supporting of commercial applications –Underlying administration facilities for VO bootstrapping Current VO lacks some good properties for better resource sharing and better user usages: –Consuming too much resources, heavy- weighted; –QoS guarantees –Dynamic mechanisms –Scalability Many FP7 and 863 projects have new VO models and functionalities as part of their objectives Echogrid recommends –a clear definition of VO framework –advanced functionalities of VO except for semantic support –semantic support in VO should be realized
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Workflow – business process Several implementation and model exists However: –gap between the business process decision-maker and the application developer –very difficult to precisely compare and evaluate the performance –QoS-based resource scheduling, service selection and service composition, and the co- ordination of different distributed workflow Several ideas and running experiences Keywords present in both programs, –as part of other challenges Echogrid recommends EU and China –To identify a research challenge on workflow/Business process per se –To boost grids to take into consideration workflow and business process issues –To investigate new approaches to merge high (different) level of abstraction workflows
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Component Model Component-based model effective to tackle SW complexity However: –Some component too complex –Dynamic allocation of components to run –Programming Language complexity Open issues: –light-weight component model for grids –Supporting service composition –Standard platform independent model –Combine Aspect-oriented –Quality control on SW FP7 – CoreGrid NoE and 863 support some of these aspects Echogrid recommends –To clarify the relations between component model and service model –EC and Chinese cooperation of open issues
Future Perspective Workshop – OGF 23Barcelona – 5th June Thanks for your attention Project Coordinator Patricia Ho-Hune (ERCIM) Scientific Coordinator Thierry Priol (ERCIM/INRIA) Industrial Manager Andrea Manieri (ENG) Cooperation Manager Quian Depei (BUAA)