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© 2006 Open Grid Forum INFOD for Wide-Area Sensor Networks OGF21, Seattle, WA, USA M. Shankar, ORNL, firstname.lastname@example.org
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 2 Overview Wide-area sensor networks context Typical paradigms of communication Mapping a use-case to INFOD Processing alerts (and events) with INFOD Potential gaps/mismatches to address in implementation and evaluation
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 3 GIS Situational Awareness (ArcView or Google Earth, Browsers, …) HPAC with Live Weather Feeds 8 chem/5 rad/5 video /1 weather sensors Access control WFS, OLS,… Filter Agents HTTPS: XML-RPC, SOAP Replicated storage, image, video server Fusion Center Portal and Viewer (Web Server; Database; GIS (Google); HPAC plume modeling) Plotting of Data, Display Video Feeds County Sheriff SensorNet Mobile System Application Scenario: County Fusion Centers Fielded Sensors 5 chem/ 1 weather sensors NOAA Live Regional Weather Subscriber Publisher Distributed Wide-Area Middleware Prototype and Analysis Distributed querying and top- down programming Policy-based data-sharing Asynchronous messaging UT ORNL Industry INFO-D 1 2 3 4 Application info Emergency updates Responder data
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 4 Paradigms of Communication Known Destinations (or Endpoints) Point-to-Point (e.g., email) Point-to-Multipoint (e.g., lists) Subscribe for information and notify on availability (e.g., Priceline; OASIS WSN) Sharing – crucial for local, regional, federal; unknown recipients Web-page; Bulletin Board Chat-rooms (e.g., AOL/Yahoo/Google Chat); Topic based (e.g., Battelle DMIS) Subscription from data provider (not known a priori) - INFOD
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 5 Alerting Scenario Components ABC Chemicals Fire Station Hospital Police/ First Responders County Office/E911/ Models Publisher of Alerts Consumer Consumer of alerts and weather information. Also, Publisher. Identifies modes for consumers to be alerted based on different levels of toxicity Consumer Service Providers Consumer Weather Sensor Weather (Poll/Pub) Consumer Subscriber, defines subscription based on client necessities.
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 6 SensorNet Data Dissemination SensorNet Prototypes and Projects Data-flow from edge to hierarchical datacenters – accessed by application queries (SensorNet Node/ WFS/ ArcGIS/ Browsers/ Google Earth) Alerting based on publish-subscribe using SAS/XMPP Deployment Scenario Examples: Weigh Station Monitors; Port of Entry Monitors Area Situational Awareness and Threat detection
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 7 Sample Use Case: Actors and the Message Flows Message ExchangeInformation Exchange Weather Station Coordination/Meta-Data: A Registry First Responder 1 Publisher First Responder 2 First Responder 3 APD 2000 Chemical Sensors Alerting System Plume Analysis Consumer Subscriber/Consumer/Publisher E911 Center Subscriber
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 8 Abstracting the Components in an Alerting Scenario Applications Node Sensors produce data and consume data from Node Applications … Data-Center Applications Node or Local Data-Hub Registry matches sensor data publishers and application subscribers (and consumers) Publish- Subscribe Example Context: Flow of Data INFO-D Registry Registration and Notification of Consumer Presence Subscription Other entities may similarly subscribe and publish
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 9 Event Results to be Communicated from Sources to Sinks Publish-Subscribe paradigm works well here. Subscriptions can equate to first class objects capturing state- changes Independent engine can inject subscriptions (i.e., independent entity can make decisions for the system dynamically) Meta-data (properties, subscriptions, etc.) stated in extensible vocabularies enable formation of communities of interest Publish from source based on a subscription Typically infer and create plumbing for the main connections Create dynamic filtering mechanism for the actual data Filtering and event correlations are often on trees that are one-level deep. More complex trees/graphs could be broken down into constituents...
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 10 Traditional System Behavior Software/ Hardware Source Event Stream: X Temporary or Local Archival Storage Event Stream: YEvent Stream: Z Typical Request: if ((X and Y) or (X and !Z)) => InterestingEvent Consumer + Subscriber Publisher/Node/ Computation/ Processing Data Center Query to Data Center Distributed/Federated Queries Centralized Model
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 11 INFOD Entities Behavior Software/ Hardware Source Event Stream: X Temporary or Local Archival Storage Event Stream: Y Event Stream: Z Originator and Sink Publisher/Node/ Computation/ Processing Interest: Query or Lookup Compile + Mapping Distributed Model
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 12 INFOD Features Desirable for Wide-Area Sensor Networks Publishers and Subscribers can be unaware of each other but instead meet as a generalized vocabulary-based community of interest Both subscription and publication information is explicitly described Generic Vocabulary Implementation Extensible structure Matching performed with expressions Data-constraints allow filtering of publishers content
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 13 Evaluation Dimensions: Applicability of INFOD Expressive power of subscriptions Flexibility for dynamic behaviors Vocabulary management Security Performance …others?
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 14 Gap Analysis: Questions to Address Many producers submit data to one publisher Support for internal and external EPR Data-sources match well with producers (not necessarily?) Extended specification addresses this? Vocabulary management concern What if two groups have similar but different vocabularies What is the performance of the matching step? What are the scaling limitations? If matches are limited to vocabulary sets, this may be easily parallelizable Use-case exposes subscription requirements Query flexibility (on data and on properties that are dynamic) – example solutions have been proposed so far
© 2006 Open Grid Forum 15 Summary Wide-Area Sensor Networks data needs arise from their distributed dynamic contexts Pub-Sub paradigm addresses less specific or more general data requests in distributed systems Allows entities to not be known a priori Implementations needed to prove and refine the abstractions
© 2006 Open Grid Forum INFOD-WG Status and Plans OGF21, Seattle, WA, USA
© 2006 Open Grid Forum INFOD Use Case Scenario OGF22, Boston, MA, USA
© 2006 Open Grid Forum INFOD Extended Specifications OGF21, Seattle, WA, USA
Presented by ORNL SensorNet: Wide-Area Sensor Networks for Protection and Assurance Presenter’s name Affiliation.
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