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© 2006 Open Grid Forum RISGE-RG use case Telecommunication measurement instrumentation on the eInfrastructure Evaluating the effects of noise and fading over a video transmission performed on a wireless channel RISGE-RG Luca Berruti, Franco Davoli CNIT, University of Genoa Research Unit
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© 2006 Open Grid Forum Use case evaluating noise and fading over a wireless channel The experiment aims at evaluating the effects of noise and fading over a video transmission performed on a wireless channel.
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Customers Primary Actor: The Engineer who has to perform measurements over a wireless channel. Secondary actors: The owner of the equipment Observer of the video data (scientist, public, student) Operator (on-site at instruments' station)
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Scenarios Preconditions: Video received at the receiver without channel simulator Minimal guarantee: Packet loss and missing video frames when generating fading and additive noise. Success guarantee: Poor video quality observed at the receiver in the presence of heavy fading and/or noise levels.
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Scenarios Observations, full experiments, response actions 1Logging in to the client that transmits video 2Setup video transmitter 3Logging in to the client that receives video 4Setup video receiver 5Connect the wireless Access Point output at the transmitter end to the input of the channel simulator (Elektrobit PropSim C2) [must be performed by operator, unless already in place] 6Connect the output of the channel simulator to the input of the wireless Access Point at the receiver end [must be performed by operator, unless already in place] 7By using a directional coupler, connect the output of the channel simulator to the input of the Spectrum Analyzer (Agilent E4404B) [must be performed by operator, unless already in place] 8Turn on channel simulator, spectrum analyzer and access points
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Scenarios (2) Observations, full experiments, response actions 9Start video transmission 10Start the receiver 11Choose a fading profile, switch on and configure the channel simulator 12Set noise level in the channel simulator 13Observe the effects of fading and noise on the decoded video stream [needs VNC or other tool to transfer the decoded video stream to the remote location (without video compression)] 14Observe the spectrum 15Measure the packet loss and missing video frames [by means of a software monitoring tool] 16Repeat the measurement after changing noise level and/or fading profile
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Involved resources a video transmitter station (Video LAN Client running on Windows XP) a video receiver station (Video LAN Client running on Windows XP) two wireless access points a channel simulator (Elektrobit Propsim C2) a spectrum analyzer (Agilent E4404B) an Instrument Element (running on Windows XP) a Virtual Control Room (running on Debian GNU/Linux) a Data Collector Broker (running on Scientific Linux)
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Involved resources Instrument Element related software/components Instrument Abstraction Layer (IAL) NI 488.2 (ENET/GPIB interface device driver) AgilentInstumentManager (Agilent E4404B Instrument Manager ) Data Collector E4404B IAL wrapper Agesa E4404B (Agilent E4404B device driver) SpectrumAnalyzerInstrumentElement (Elektrobit Propsim C2 Instrument Manager) PropSimC2 IAL wrapper Propsim VISA (PropSimC2 device driver) Virtual Control Room (VCR) related components mceremotedesktop (used to show video at receiver station)
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Involved resources (2) VCR Instruments and IE Data Collector Broker Savona Padova Naples
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Examples
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Functional requirements User interfaces It is important in this application to reproduce (totally or partially) the front panel(s) of the instrument(s) with a certain fidelity. A more realistic user interface can be employed both to display measurement outputs (e.g., in the form of graphics) and to input configuration parameters in a fashion as close as possible to that of the real instrument (i.e., pushing buttons, turning knobs, and moving sliders). 3D is a possible option. Data collection Measurement data can be acquired from the Instrument Elements controlling the various pieces of equipment in (at least) two possible modes: continuously polling the IE for new data; based on a publish/subscribe paradigm, to allow asynchronous communication between the IEs and the user clients (possibly through a VCR). The choice between the two operating modes can be based on performance considerations.
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Non-functional requirements Security considerations Each observer must be authenticated to allow video data Some authorized users allowed to remotely manage instruments Performance considerations (incl. real-time properties) Polling the IE for instruments' readings (e.g., from the spectrum analyzer) may result in eccessive data transfer delays towards the client stations for waveforms' visualization In these cases, the adoption of a publish/subscribe mechanism employing, for instance, JMS for event notification and automatic measurement data transfer is recommended.
© 2006 Open Grid Forum Related work Experience in the field The CNIT teams at the Universities of Genoa and Bologna, and at the National Laboratory for Multimedia Communications in Naples, Italy, have over 8 years experience in the field. In particular, they have conducted the LABNET project , part of the experimental activity of the VICOM project , and they have participated in European projects GRIDCC (http://www.gridcc.org), RINGrid (http://www.ringrid.eu), and DORII (http://www.dorii.eu). Participation in the activity of the NoE SatNEx (http://www.satnex.org) has allowed establish a liaison between Remote Instrumentation Services and the usage of satellite links for data transfer (an important aspect when accessing harsh or secluded environments).http://www.gridcc.orghttp://www.ringrid.euhttp://www.dorii.euhttp://www.satnex.org
© 2006 Open Grid Forum References GridCC Device Farm Demo Video http://www.gridcc.org/cms/index.php?option=com_content&task=view &id=17&Itemid=9http://www.gridcc.org/cms/index.php?option=com_content&task=view &id=17&Itemid=9  F. Davoli, G. Spanò, S. Vignola, S. Zappatore, "LABNET: towards remote laboratories with unified access", IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 1551-1558, Oct. 2006. L. Berruti, F. Davoli, G. Massei, A. Scarpiello, S. Zappatore, "Remote laboratory experiments in a Virtual Immersive Learning environment", Advances in Multimedia, vol. 2008 (2008), Article ID 426981, 11 pages, doi: 10.1155/2008/426981. F. Davoli, S. Palazzo, S. Zappatore, Eds., Distributed Cooperative Laboratories: Networking, Instrumentation, and Measurements, Springer, New York, NY, 2006; ISBN 0-387-29811-8. L. Berruti, L. Caviglione, F. Davoli, M. Polizzi, S. Vignola, S. Zappatore, "On the integration of telecommunication measurement devices within the framework of an instrumentation Grid", in F. Davoli, N. Meyer, R. Pugliese, S. Zappatore, Eds., Grid Enabled Instrumentation and Measurement, Springer, New York, NY, 2008; ISBN 978-0-387-09662-9. L. Berruti, F. Davoli, S. Vignola, S. Zappatore, "Interconnection of laboratory equipment via satellite and space links: investigating the performance of software platforms for the management of measurement instrumentation", in E. Del Re, M. Ruggieri, Eds., Satellite Communications and Navigation Systems, Springer, New York, NY, 2007, pp. 657-666.
© 2006 Open Grid Forum References L. Berruti, F. Davoli, M. Perrando, S. Vignola, S. Zappatore, "Engineering applications on the eInfrastructure: The case of telecommunication measurement instrumentation ", Computational Methods in Science and Technology, Special Issue on Instrumentation for e-Science, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 41-48, 2009.
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