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HL7 RCRIM Vocabulary Update: Standards Available or in Development Through NCI Enterprise Vocabulary Services (EVS) Margaret Haber Co-Director Enterprise.

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Presentation on theme: "HL7 RCRIM Vocabulary Update: Standards Available or in Development Through NCI Enterprise Vocabulary Services (EVS) Margaret Haber Co-Director Enterprise."— Presentation transcript:

1 HL7 RCRIM Vocabulary Update: Standards Available or in Development Through NCI Enterprise Vocabulary Services (EVS) Margaret Haber Co-Director Enterprise Vocabulary Services National Cancer Institute

2 NCI EVS: Goals & Services Goals Meet the controlled terminology needs of NCI and its partners. Promote semantic integration of clinical, translational and basic research, administrative, and public information systems. Services Controlled Terminologies *NCI Thesaurus: logic-based, rapid-response reference terminology. *NCI Metathesaurus: cross-link meanings from 60+ terminologies. *Standalone terminologies: MedDRA, LOINC, SNOMED, GO, etc. Partnerships & Tools *Develop term sets & standards: FedMed, CDISC, HL7, CHI/FHA,… *Sharable tools: Share ours, help develop open-source tools.

3 NCI Thesaurus (NCIt) Reference terminology for NCI and its partners. Semantic reference for caCORE/caBIG metadata and models. A Federal standard terminology used in NCI, NIH, other systems. Richly structured content for people and computers >58,000 concepts with >200,000 synonyms and codes. >37,000 text definitions. >200,000 role relationships semantically connect concepts. Description logic classifier uses roles to check concept hierarchies. Directly incorporates terms and codes from closely integrated partners, e.g., FDA, CDISC, caDSR.

4 NCI Thesaurus (2) Broad coverage of cancer and other clinical and research related subject areas. Neoplastic and other diseases, findings and abnormalities. Anatomy, tissues, subcellular structures. Agents, drugs, chemicals. Genes, gene products, biological processes. Clinical & research procedures, tools, trials, management, etc. Animal models – mouse, other. Rapid updates & freely available. Published monthly, with pre-release available during test cycle. Available via Web browsers, program APIs, downloadable files in OWL, Ontylog XML, and flat file formats. Public domain, open content license.

5 NCI Thesaurus: Browser Example

6 NCI EVS Partner Content Integration NCI Thesaurus concept for Pharmaceutical Dosage Form showing harmonization of partner content from FDA and CDISC using defined subsets.

7 NCIt: Basis for the NCI Drug Dictionary

8 Mapping Terminologies: NCI Metathesaurus Access to and cross-links between 60+ terminologies. 1,200,000 concepts, 2,700,000 terms and phrases, with definitions. Extensive synonymy, e.g. 7,000 neoplasm concepts provide over 40,000 synonym terms from many sources. Based on NLMs UMLS Metathesaurus, dropping less useful sources and adding special purpose terminologies. Integrates access to key terminologies: NCI Thesaurus, the ICDs, MedDRA, SNOMED, MeSH (NLM Medical Subject Headings), HCPCS (procedures), LOINC (lab values), drugs (VA NDF, AOD, RxNORM, Multum, etc.), science (GO, HUGO, OMIM, JAX, KEGG, NCBI), etc. Frequent updates, freely available Publish minor releases monthly, major releases 2-3 times a year. Mostly open content, with some source licence restrictions. Available via public browsers, APIs, and flat file formats.

9 NCI Metathesaurus: Browser Example

10 NCI EVS: Semantic Base of caCORE Bioinformatics Infrastructure & caBIG cancer Bioinformatics Infrastructure Objects (caBIO) UML Object Models Applications & APIs cancer Data Standards Repository (caDSR) ISO metadata repository Common Data Elements (CDEs) for forms etc. Enterprise Vocabulary Services (EVS) Core semantics APIs Browsers biomedical objects common data elements controlled vocabulary

11 NCI EVS: Extending Interoperability Developing collaborations beyond NCI. Federal: FDA, VA, CDC, other NIH Institutes. Major standards organizations: HL7, CDISC, W3C. Cancer Centers and Cooperative Groups: caBIG, caGRID. Research collaborators such as the Microarray Gene Expression Data Society (MGED). Some areas of collaboration. FDA (drugs, devices, and clinical trials). VA (drugs, clinical trials semantics, terminology operations). CDC (cancer incidence and prevention, terminology operations). Cancer Centers & caBIG (clinical trials, experimental organisms, micro-nutrients, open terminology servers). CDISC/HL7 RCRIM (clinical research and health care data standards).

12 Some Current Projects and Collaborations CDISC terminology hosting, production and publication: SDTM and beyond Other NIH ICs such as NHLBI and NIH Roadmap grant projects FDA required and regulatory terminology including SPL (Structured Product Label) ICSR (Individual Case Safety Report) CDRH device and safety related terminology such as for MedWatch reporting UNIIs (> 1,500 Unique Ingredient Identifiers) Regulated Product Submission terminology in early development

13 FDA Standards Hosted in NCIt (NCI Thesaurus) For SPL: Limitation of Use Pharmacokinetic Effect Consequences (Product) Color DEA Schedule Drug Route of Administration Medical Product Intent of Use Package Type Pharmaceutical Dosage Form (Product) Potency (Product) Shape Type of Drug Interaction Consequence

14 FDA Standards Hosted in NCIt (2) For the ICSR: Adverse Event Outcome Location of Event Occurrence Occupation Operator of Medical Device Device Usage Report Source Type of Event Type of Follow-Up Reason for Non-Evaluation Type of Manufacturer Type of Remedial Action Type of Report

15 FDA Standards Hosted in NCIt (3) Terminology for the Centers for Device and Radiological Health (CDRH): transformation of current CDRH terminology lists of codes into targeted taxonomies, in order to create a foundation for asserted knowledge on medical device associated events including Patient Conditions Medical Device Components or Accessories Medical Device Failures or Malfunctions Regulated Product Submission Terminology for use by CDER, CBER, CDRH in early development

16 FDA Subsets in NCIt: FDA_Subsets: Patient_Problem_Codes_FDA_CDRH Medical_Device_Component_Or_Accessory_Terminology_FDA _CDRH Medical_Device_Problem_Codes_FDA_CDRH Limitation_Of_Use_Structured_Product_Labeling_Terminology Pharmacokinetic_Effect_Consequences_Structured_Product_Labeling_Termi nology Structured_Product_Labeling_Color_Terminology Structured_Product_Labeling_DEA_Schedule_Terminology Structured_Product_Labeling_Drug_Route_of_Administration_Terminology Structured_Product_Labeling_Medical_Product_Intent_Of_Use_Terminology Structured_Product_Labeling_Package_Type_Terminology Structured_Product_Labeling_Pharmaceutical_Dosage_Form_Terminology Structured_Product_Labeling_Potency_Terminology Structured_Product_Labeling_Shape Structured_Product_Labeling_Terminology Structured_Product_Labeling_Type_Of_Drug_Interaction_Consequence_Ter minology

17 FDA subsets in NCIt (2) Type_of_Event_ICSR_Terminology Type_Of_FollowUp_ICSR_Terminology Type_Of_Manufacturer_ICSR_Terminology Type_Of_Remedial_Action_ICSR_Terminology Type_Of_Report_ICSR_Terminology Type_of_Reportable_Event_ICSR_Terminology Type_Of_Reporter_ICSR_Terminology Adverse_Event_Outcome_ICSR_Terminology Reason_For_Non-Evaluation_ICSR_Terminology Report_Source_ICSR_Terminology Occupation_ICSR_Terminology Operator_of_Medical_Device_ICSR_Terminology Location_Of_Event_Occurrence_ICSR_Terminology Device_Usage_ICSR_Terminology Individual_Case_Safety_Report_Terminology Current total of more than 5,000 standardized electronic FDA tagged concepts in NCI Thesaurus representing well over 10,000 FDA terms and codes.

18 Using the NCIt Report Writer The Report writer is a desktop application that retrieves concept data from the production version of the NCIt. The application file, named, is available from the anonymous FTP site: The application will retrieve all concepts in any Subset such as CDISC Concepts in every Subset will be identified by the Concept_in_Subset association A complete list of the available Subsets from the terminology server will be retrieved From this list the user will choose the desired Subset The application will retrieve all the concepts in the selected Subset and output them as a flat file or XML file

19 NCI EVS Partnerships: CDISC Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC) Global organization for clinical data standards & exchange. Creates open, platform-independent, global standards with participation of private and public organizations CDISC Controlled Terminology Team began defining terminology standards underlying Study Data Tabulation Model (SDTM). CDISC Terminology Team a close NCI EVS partner. Joint effort to specify and develop broadly based clinical trials standard terminology, based on CDISC models. NCI Thesaurus adopted as CDISC terminology development and publication environment. CDISC is also developing metadata in the NCI Data Standards Repository, using EVS terminology as foundation. Open CDISC standards, developed in collaboration with FDA, NIH, HL7 and others, can provide the basis for a controlled terminology set shared across the clinical trials community.

20 SDTM Package 1 Terminology 1. Action Taken with Study Treatment 2. AE Severity / Intensity 3. Age Span 4. Age Units 5. Country 6. Dictionary Name 7. Domain Abbreviation 8. Ethnicity 9. Formulation (Dose) 10. Inclusion/Exclusion Category 11. Non -Completion Reason 12. Not Done 13. No / Yes Responses 14. Outcome of Event 15. Route of Administration 16. Sex 17. Sex of Participants 18. Size 19. System Organ Class 20. Relation to Reference Period 21. Trial Blinding Schema 22. Trial Type of Control 23. Trial Diagnosis Group 24. Trial Indication Type 25. Toxicity Grade 26. Trial Phase 27. Trial Summary Parameters 28. Type of Trial 29. Vital Signs Tests 30. Vital Signs Units

21 SDTM Package 2 Terminology 8 additional SDTM domains including Findings – EG, PE, VS, SC; Interventions – CM, EX, SU; and Events – AEs –ECG Test Results –Physical Examination –Vital Signs –Subject Characteristics –Concomitant Medications –Exposures –Substance Use –Adverse Events

22 NCI EVS: Open Products & Services EVS Web site: Web terminology servers: *NCI Thesaurus & Standalone: *NCI Metathesaurus: API: Software developed by EVS is free & open source: NCI Thesaurus is open content: NCI Metathesaurus is mostly open content: See Each Sources License at

23 Contact: Margaret W. Haber Co-Director NCI Enterprise Vocabulary Services NCI Office of the Director

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