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1 Open Standards & Open Source at ESRI Redlands, California March 8 th – 9 th, 2010 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Open Standards & Open Source at ESRI Redlands, California March 8 th – 9 th, 2010 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Open Standards & Open Source at ESRI Redlands, California March 8 th – 9 th, 2010 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

2 Open Standards Defined … 2 Source:

3 ESRI Participates in Open Standards Processes and Organizations … 3 Source:

4 ESRIs Solutions Support/Offer Open Standards Reference online source, list/tableReference online source, list/table 4

5 Open Source Defined Freedom to DistributeFreedom to Distribute Include Source CodeInclude Source Code Derived WorksDerived Works Integrity of the Authors CodeIntegrity of the Authors Code No DiscriminationNo Discrimination Distribution of LicenseDistribution of License License not Specific to a ProductLicense not Specific to a Product License must not restrict other SoftwareLicense must not restrict other Software License must be Technology NeutralLicense must be Technology Neutral 5 Source: OpenSource.Org

6 Licensing Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD)Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) GNU General Public License (GPL)GNU General Public License (GPL) Lesser General Public License (LGPL)Lesser General Public License (LGPL) 60+ OSI-approved licenses60+ OSI-approved licenses Hundreds of open source licensesHundreds of open source licenses 6 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

7 Popular Business Models Service and SupportService and Support Loss LeaderLoss Leader Sell it, free itSell it, free it AccessorizingAccessorizing "Widget Frosting""Widget Frosting" 7 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

8 Open Source at ESRI Pervasive use in software developmentPervasive use in software development Encourage users and developers to complement ESRI solutions with open source & interoperabilityEncourage users and developers to complement ESRI solutions with open source & interoperability 8 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

9 Open Approaches & ESRI Continue work with the open source community to further GIS research & developmentContinue work with the open source community to further GIS research & development Active participant in open source & interoperability standards communitiesActive participant in open source & interoperability standards communities 9 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

10 Open Source at Microsoft Historically combativeHistorically combative Now softened and focusedNow softened and focused – Open Source Lab – OSI-approval of its os licenses – Collaboration: JasperSoft, JBoss, Novell, Sourcesense, SpikeSource, SugarCRM, ZenSource, Zend 10 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

11 Open Source at Google Key part of their StrategyKey part of their Strategy –Reduces their Cost of Ops (Ubuntu) Activities include …Activities include … –Open-source project hosting –Summer of Code program –120+ open-source projects Android*Android* Perception that GoogleMaps, GoogleEarth are open sourcePerception that GoogleMaps, GoogleEarth are open source 11 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

12 Open Source in the Public Space National Defense Authorization ActNational Defense Authorization Act Health e-Information Technology ActHealth e-Information Technology Act Department of DefenseDepartment of Defense Department of EnergyDepartment of Energy National Security AdministrationNational Security Administration 12 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

13 Open Source in the DoD 13 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

14 Open Source in the Public Space Courtesy: Rishi Sood, Gartner, April 2008 14 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

15 Where OS is Happening Not Only in GIS (see InfoWorld*)Not Only in GIS (see InfoWorld*) Seeing open source GIS more in the following locations:Seeing open source GIS more in the following locations: –State agencies, City/Local Government, County Government –Higher Education, Curriculum includes OS GIS –Localized User Groups forming European Commission, Open Standards**European Commission, Open Standards** Open Source Census Open Source Census15 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

16 FAQ What about Security?What about Security? Warranty?Warranty? Indemnification?Indemnification? Support?Support? Vendor Lock-in?Vendor Lock-in? Procurement?Procurement? 16 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

17 Open Source Issues Should not be ignoredShould not be ignored No strategy unique to open sourceNo strategy unique to open source No single OS business strategyNo single OS business strategy Procurement ProcessProcurement Process 17 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

18 Misconceptions Open source is chosen for religious reasonsOpen source is chosen for religious reasons Open source costs nothingOpen source costs nothing It is anti-commercialIt is anti-commercial Its not reliable or supported*Its not reliable or supported* Its a legal minefieldIts a legal minefield Its not for mission-critical ApplicationsIts not for mission-critical Applications 18 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

19 Courtesy: Gartner L. McLellen, April 2008 19 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

20 Inhibitors Copyright & PatentsCopyright & Patents SLAs dont exist w/Community versionsSLAs dont exist w/Community versions Non-compatible & conflicting licensesNon-compatible & conflicting licenses Often, No accountabilityOften, No accountability Increasing demand in IT for SaaS *Increasing demand in IT for SaaS * Sometimes flimsy Open-source process communications (source: Gartner)Sometimes flimsy Open-source process communications (source: Gartner) –e.g. OpenSSL-Debian security flaw 20 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

21 Costs to Consider Evaluation CostsEvaluation Costs –Finding, investigating many oss –Installing, configuring software –Creating test environments –Writing eval programs –Investigating to get answers –Researching integrating techniques –Collaborating with OS communities 21 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

22 Costs to Consider License and Maintenance CostsLicense and Maintenance Costs –Subscription and licensing fees may exist! Redhat, Suse, Jboss, others..Redhat, Suse, Jboss, others.. 22 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

23 Costs to Consider Installation and Configuration CostsInstallation and Configuration Costs –Time spent......learning how to install the software [in an IDE/production/test]...doing basic performance testing...developing backup scripts...learning how to operate/monitor software...integrating into production systems...training developers, users, IT staff 23 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

24 Costs to Consider Integration and Customization CostsIntegration and Customization Costs –Time spent......Gathering requirements for I & C...Reading source code, docn, list-servs, forums, blogs to get educated...Designing, coding, testing I & C –Fees for consultants, 3 rd party developers (buy v. build) 24 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

25 Recommendations Understand your real need for an Open source software strategyUnderstand your real need for an Open source software strategy Support and IntegrateSupport and Integrate –Building critical mass –Hybrid/blend strategy –Reduce critical dependencies Sponsor OS projects; ContributeSponsor OS projects; Contribute Leverage embedded OSLeverage embedded OS 25 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

26 Measure Maturity FunctionalityUsabilityQualitySecurityPerformanceScalabilitySupportDocumentationAdoptionCommunityGovernance 26 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

27 Recommendations Do not Deny and RegulateDo not Deny and Regulate –Were immune ; Its inferior quality Do Accept and InnovateDo Accept and Innovate – We have to figure out how to play and thrive –Lets add differentiated value –Make sure our clients know why ours is worth more than $0 27 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

28 Recommendations Enterprise must Consider …Enterprise must Consider … –Fitness of Purpose –Maturity –Technology Adoption Profile –Deployment Scenario –Licensing For Enterprise, determine the TCOFor Enterprise, determine the TCO Calculate the 3-to-5 year ROICalculate the 3-to-5 year ROI 28 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

29 Todd Buchanan, Comparison of Geographic Information System Software, 2006 www.toddbuchanan.net/thesis_ver.pdf 29 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

30 Countering Open Source For every open source widget... –Need support for each –Need consultants who specialize in each –Need training for the API or language –Need database exchange formats/processes –Need commercial data in that format –Need common data object model across widgets –Need employee pool who uses the widgets...Multiply by # of possible platforms... And dont forget interoperability. 30 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

31 Other Resources The Success of Open Source (2004)The Success of Open Source (2004) Open Source for the Enterprise (2005)Open Source for the Enterprise (2005) Open Sources 2.0 (2006)Open Sources 2.0 (2006) Open Source Primer an ESRI White PaperOpen Source Primer an ESRI White Paper www.osscensus.orgwww.osscensus.org 31 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop

32 Summary Distinguish Open Standards from Open SourceDistinguish Open Standards from Open Source ESRI is committed to Open StandardsESRI is committed to Open Standards –Are the other solutions you are considering committed? ESRI supports Open SourceESRI supports Open Source Consider vendors pedigree, brand, indemnification, warranty, support, quality, trustConsider vendors pedigree, brand, indemnification, warranty, support, quality, trust Calculate ROI and TCOCalculate ROI and TCO Dont forget ESRIs open positionDont forget ESRIs open position –Linux, Apache, SOAP/XML, NetBeans, Eclipse, Python, ANT, JBoss, ArcSDE Java API, Java Studio Creator, OGC, etc. 3232 Web Mapping for Conservation Organizations Workshop


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