Presentation on theme: "MethylenedioxyMethamphetamin Also known as Ecstacy this drug was discovered in 1912 and patented in 1914 as a appetite suppressant. By Student # 7."— Presentation transcript:
MethylenedioxyMethamphetamin Also known as Ecstacy this drug was discovered in 1912 and patented in 1914 as a appetite suppressant. By Student # 7
Ecstacy and Medical Conditions b Ecstacy was patented in 1914 for the use of an appetite suppressant. It was also used in the 1970s by American psychotherapists as an aid to therapy because it was reported to reduce the inhibition of there patients to speak openly during therapy sessions.
Ecstacy and the Legalities b Ecstacy is a Class A drug under the misuse of drugs act 1971. The federal classification is a Schedule 1 drug. In 1985 because of evidence of adverse health effects, including brain damage, led to the emergency scheduling of MDMA (ecstacy) into the C1 of the CSA.
The Chemistry of Ecstacy b A. The Molecular Formula of Ecstacy. b B. Ecstacy and the biochemical pathway that it effects.
The Molecular Formula of Ecstacy b C-11 b H-15 b N-1 b O-2
Ecstacy and the biochemical pathway it effects b MDMA was documented to produce permanent damage to Serotonin pathways in the brains of rats and monkeys. Short term high dose use of MDMA has produced incidences of an amphetamine like psychosis and, in some cases, severe hyperthermia which was unresponsive to medical intervention leading to death. Over all Ecstacy alters the Serotonin dopamine pathways and the normal sensory and neurological responses.
The Biology of Ecstacy b A. The type of cells Ecstacy effects.
The type of cells Ecstacy effects b Ecstacy effects Brain cells and Central nervous system cells. MDMA enhances interleukin-2 production, but no effect on interleukin-4 production. IL-2 induces proliferation of T-cells and also stimulates b-cells, natural killer cells, and macrophages. IL-4 mainly stimulates B- cells, but also T-cells and macrophages.
Conclusion b Ecstacy was in 1912 and it was patented as an appetite suppressant. It was used as an aid to psychotherapists so there patients would speak openly during therapy sessions. Ecstacy is classified as a schedule 1 drug and possession of even small numbers of tablets can lead to intent to supply charges. Ecstacy alters the serotonin dopamine pathways. This drug effects the brain cells and also the central nervous system cells. The short term effects of Ecstacy are psychological difficulties, confusion, depression, craving,involuntary teeth clenching, rapid eye movement, and chills/ sweating. The long Term effects are damage to parts of the brain critical to memory. Also damage to the neurons that release serotonin and consequent mind impairment.
Reference b Drug Free America. 2000. Available Online. www.drugfreeamerica.org. Accessed May 5,2001 b National Legal and Drug Services.1992. Available Online. Www.cathus.co.uk/hertspol/drugs/ecstacy.html. Accessed May 5,2001 b Goodman and Gilmans The Pharmacological basis of Therapeutics 8th ed. Pergamon Press.New York.1990 pp. 489-504