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Chapter 7 Classification. Mystery Creature AlligatorLeopardParameciumCoyoteJellyfishLionFrogSunflowerParrotAnteater German Shepherd BatGoldfishMushroom.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Classification. Mystery Creature AlligatorLeopardParameciumCoyoteJellyfishLionFrogSunflowerParrotAnteater German Shepherd BatGoldfishMushroom."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 Classification

2 Mystery Creature AlligatorLeopardParameciumCoyoteJellyfishLionFrogSunflowerParrotAnteater German Shepherd BatGoldfishMushroom Timber Wolf TigerBacteriaOstrich

3 Clue 1 The mystery creature is multicellular. The mystery creature is multicellular. Does this clue eliminate any of the living things from the list? Why or why not? Does this clue eliminate any of the living things from the list? Why or why not?

4 Both the Paramecium and Bacteria are unicellular microorganisms. They are made up of only ONE cell.

5 Clue 2 The mystery creature does NOT photosynthesize. The mystery creature does NOT photosynthesize. Does this clue eliminate any of the living things from the list? Why or why not? Does this clue eliminate any of the living things from the list? Why or why not?

6 The Sunflower is a photosynthetic plant. Remember that photosynthesis is the process by which energy from the sun (sunlight) is used to drive reactions within plants (and some other organisms) so that they can create food in the form of carbohydrates. Do you think there are any other photosynthetic creatures on our list? Which one(s)?

7 Clue 3 Our Mystery Creature can move from place to place. Our Mystery Creature can move from place to place. What creatures on our list are immobile? What creatures on our list are immobile?

8 The Sunflower and the Mushroom are immobile creatures; They are unable to move. Are the Paramecium and the Bacteria immobile creatures? Why or why not?

9 Weve eliminated some of the organisms from the list because they belong to other kingdoms.

10 The five kingdoms of living things are: Monera - eubacteria and cyanobacteria

11 The five kingdoms of living things are: Protista - protozoans and algae

12 The five kingdoms of living things are: Fungi - non-photosynthetic, plantlike decomposers

13 The five kingdoms of living things are: Plant - multicellular photosynthesizers

14 The five kingdoms of living things are: Animal - multicellular herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores

15 Mystery Creature AlligatorLeopardParameciumCoyoteJellyfishLionFrogSunflowerParrotAnteater German Shepherd BatGoldfishMushroom Timber Wolf TigerBacteriaOstrich

16 Clue 4 The mystery creature belongs to the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata of the Animal Kingdom. The mystery creature belongs to the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata of the Animal Kingdom.

17 What is a vertebrate? Vertebrates have backbones surrounding their spinal cords.

18 What is an invertebrate? Invertebrates do not have backbones. Are there any invertebrates on our list?

19 A jellyfish is an invertebrate.

20 Mystery Creature AlligatorLeopardParameciumCoyoteJellyfishLionFrogSunflowerParrotAnteater German Shepherd BatGoldfishMushroom Timber Wolf TigerBacteriaOstrich

21 Clue 5 The mystery creature belongs to the class Mammalia. The mystery creature belongs to the class Mammalia.

22 Members of the same class have more in common with each other than do members of a kingdom, phylum, or sub-phylum. Lets describe the main characteristics of the class mammalia.

23 One characteristic of mammals is that they are warm-blooded (endothermic). What does that mean? Birds and mammals are endothermic. Other organisms are exothermic. What does that mean? Endotherms have processes that keep their bodies at a constant temperature no matter how hot or cold the surroundings may be.

24 Exotherms Exothermic organisms are those organisms that allow their body temperature to vary with the ambient temperature. Exothermic organisms include invertebrates, fish, amphibians, and reptiles.

25 Which creatures remaining on our list are exothermic?

26 Mystery Creature AlligatorLeopardParameciumCoyoteJellyfishLionFrogSunflowerParrotAnteater German Shepherd BatGoldfishMushroom Timber Wolf TigerBacteriaOstrich

27 One special characteristic of mammals is their body covering. What covers the body of a mammal? Are there any creatures left on the list that have a different body covering? Hair or fur

28 Mystery Creature AlligatorLeopardParameciumCoyoteJellyfishLionFrogSunflowerParrotAnteater German Shepherd BatGoldfishMushroom Timber Wolf TigerBacteriaOstrich

29 The parrot, alligator, goldfish, frog, and ostrich are not mammals. They belong to 4 different classes. Members of the same class have more in common with each other than do members of a phylum. Class Aves

30 Mammals feed milk to their young Another special characteristic of mammals is the way they nourish, or feed, their young. How do mammals feed their young?

31 are endothermic have hair or fur feed milk to their young Lets review the characteristics of mammals Mammals Are the remaining creatures on our list mammals?

32 Clue 6 The mystery creature belongs to the order Carnivora. The mystery creature belongs to the order Carnivora. What is a carnivore? What is a carnivore?

33 Animals that belong to the order Carnivora are those animals that feed upon flesh. Anteaters and bats are not Carnivores. They belong to the order Insectivora. What do you think insectivores eat?

34 Mystery Creature AlligatorLeopardParameciumCoyoteJellyfishLionFrogSunflowerParrotAnteater German Shepherd BatGoldfishMushroom Timber Wolf TigerBacteriaOstrich

35 Clue 7 The mystery creature belongs to the Canidae family. The mystery creature belongs to the Canidae family.

36 Members of the Canidae Family are described as having these traits: Long snouts, large ears, and bushy tails. Contain 5 toes on forefeet and 4 toes on their hind feet. Legs are well adapted to run. The toes on these creatures contain non- retractile claws. Large Ears Long Snout

37 Cross off the other members of my family now because they do not belong to the Canidae family. I have retractile claws, and so do other members of the Felidae family.

38 Mystery Creature AlligatorLeopardParameciumCoyoteJellyfishLionFrogSunflowerParrotAnteater German Shepherd BatGoldfishMushroom Timber Wolf TigerBacteriaOstrich

39 Clue 8 The genus of the mystery creature is Canis.

40 Genuses do consist of very similar groups, but the groups within the same genus generally do not breed with one another. Wild and domestic dogs are members of the Genus Canis. Does this eliminate any of the creatures remaining on our list?

41 Clue 9 The final clue is the species of the mystery creature. The final clue is the species of the mystery creature. The species of the mystery creature is Lupus. The species of the mystery creature is Lupus.

42 Species (Lupus) Members of the same species share many common characteristics, and they also breed with one another. Our mystery creature is wild, hunts in packs, and is the largest of all canines.

43 Still unsure? Final Clue! Red Riding Hood wasnt very happy when this creature ate her grandmother!!!

44 The timber wolf is our mystery creature. Timber wolf is the organisms common name. The scientific name of the timber wolf consists of the genus and species name Canis lupus.

45 Mystery Creature AlligatorLeopardParameciumCoyoteJellyfishLionFrogSunflowerParrotAnteater German Shepherd BatGoldfishMushroom Timber Wolf TigerBacteriaOstrich

46 Classification You have just identified an organism using the taxonomic classification system. Classification is the identification, naming, and grouping of organisms into a formal system. It was developed by a man named Carl von Linnaues in the 1750s.

47 Classification is important for so many reasons. Here are a few: It is a way to learn and gain knowledge. One can gain information about a new species by looking at the similarities and differences it has with other species and those in its taxonomic categories. Because there are so many different kinds of organisms, it is important to arrange them in an orderly manner. This way, biologists all over the world can be sure they know the exact organism that is being examined and discussed.

48 The End

49 Acknowledgements The Clipart images used in this presentation were from Microsoft software and also the Internet. The Clipart images used in this presentation were from Microsoft software and also the Internet. Special thanks to Dr. Dropik for her assistance. Special thanks to Dr. Dropik for her assistance.


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