3Clue 1 The mystery creature is multicellular. Does this clue eliminate any of the living things from the list? Why or why not?
4Both the Paramecium and Bacteria are unicellular microorganisms. They are made up of only ONE cell.
5Clue 2 The mystery creature does NOT photosynthesize. Does this clue eliminate any of the living things from the list? Why or why not?
6The Sunflower is a photosynthetic plant. Remember that photosynthesis is the process by which energy from the sun (sunlight) is used to drive reactions within plants (and some other organisms) so that they can create food in the form of carbohydrates.Do you think there are any other photosynthetic creatures on our list? Which one(s)?
7Clue 3 Our Mystery Creature can move from place to place. What creatures on our list are immobile?
8The Sunflower and the Mushroom are immobile creatures; They are unable to move. Are the Paramecium and the Bacteria immobile creatures? Why or why not?
9We’ve eliminated some of the organisms from the list because they belong to other kingdoms.
10The five kingdoms of living things are: Monera - eubacteria and cyanobacteria
11The five kingdoms of living things are: Protista - protozoans and algae
12The five kingdoms of living things are: Fungi - non-photosynthetic, plantlike decomposers
13The five kingdoms of living things are: Plant - multicellular photosynthesizers
14The five kingdoms of living things are: Animal - multicellular herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores
21Clue 5The mystery creature belongs to the class Mammalia.
22Members of the same class have more in common with each other than do members of a kingdom, phylum, or sub-phylum.Let’s describe the main characteristics of the class mammalia.
23One characteristic of mammals is that they are warm-blooded (endothermic). What does that mean? Endotherms have processes that keep their bodies at a constant temperature no matter how hot or cold the surroundings may be.Birds and mammals are endothermic.Other organisms are exothermic.What does that mean?
24ExothermsExothermic organisms are those organisms that allow their body temperature to vary with the ambient temperature.Exothermic organisms include invertebrates, fish, amphibians, and reptiles.
25Which creatures remaining on our list are exothermic?
27One special characteristic of mammals is their body covering One special characteristic of mammals is their body covering. What covers the body of a mammal?Hair or furAre there any creatures left on the list that have a different body covering?
29The parrot, alligator, goldfish, frog, and ostrich are not mammals The parrot, alligator, goldfish, frog, and ostrich are not mammals. They belong to 4 different classes.Members of the same class have more in common with each other than do members of a phylum.Class Aves
30Another special characteristic of mammals is the way they nourish, or feed, their young. How do mammals feed their young?Mammals feed milk to their young
31Let’s review the characteristics of mammals are endothermichave hair or furfeed milk to their youngMammalsAre the remaining creatures on our list mammals?
32Clue 6 The mystery creature belongs to the order Carnivora. What is a carnivore?
33Animals that belong to the order Carnivora are those animals that feed upon flesh. Anteaters and bats are not Carnivores. They belong to the order Insectivora.What do you think insectivores eat?
35Clue 7The mystery creature belongs to the Canidae family.
36Members of the Canidae Family are described as having these traits: Large EarsLong snouts, large ears, and bushy tails.Contain 5 toes on forefeet and 4 toes on their hind feet. Legs are well adapted to run.The toes on these creatures contain non-retractile claws.Long Snout
37Cross off the other members of my family now because they do not belong to the Canidae family. I have retractile claws, and so do other members of the Felidae family.
39Clue 8The genus of the mystery creature is Canis.
40Genuses do consist of very similar groups, but the groups within the same genus generally do not breed with one another.Wild and domestic dogs are members of the Genus Canis.Does this eliminate any of the creatures remaining on our list?
41Clue 9 The final clue is the species of the mystery creature. The species of the mystery creature is Lupus.
42Species (Lupus)Members of the same species share many common characteristics, and they also breed with one another.Our mystery creature is wild, hunts in packs, and is the largest of all canines.
43Still unsure?Final Clue!Red Riding Hood wasn’t very happy when this creature ate her grandmother!!!
44The timber wolf is our mystery creature The timber wolf is our mystery creature. Timber wolf is the organisms common name.The scientific name of the timber wolf consists of the genus and species name Canis lupus.
46ClassificationYou have just identified an organism using the taxonomic classification system.Classification is the identification, naming, and grouping of organisms into a formal system.It was developed by a man named Carl von Linnaues in the 1750’s.
47Classification is important for so many reasons. Here are a few: It is a way to learn and gain knowledge.One can gain information about a new species by looking at the similarities and differences it has with other species and those in its taxonomic categories.Because there are so many different kinds of organisms, it is important to arrange them in an orderly manner.This way, biologists all over the world can be sure they know the exact organism that is being examined and discussed.