8 Inshore (coastal) Habitat Most marine fishes locate themselves near the edges of continents
9 Inshore Habitats Estuaries Exposed Beaches Fresh and salt waters meet and mixHarsh environmentFluctuating salinity and temperatureFish expend energy by swimming in search of better conditionsExposed BeachesTurbulent environmentSmall disoriented invertebrates provide constant food source
10 Inshore Habitats Salt Marshes Mudflats Salt tolerable plants invade mudflatsOne of best nutrient producing habitatsWill support large fish and invertebratesMudflatsA feature that allows sediment to accumulateReceding tides expose accumulationsWorms, clams and other burrowers are abundant
11 Near-shore Soft Bottoms Inshore HabitatsSeagrass FlatsShallow coastal areas often regress into flatsHighly productive habitatLarge populations of fish can be supportedNear-shore Soft BottomsSoft, silty featureless bottomFish are of commercial importance
12 Inshore Species Red Drum Silver to bronzeBlack spot at upper base of tailGrayish silver finsFound along passes and channels between bars3-4 lbs.
13 Inshore Species Speckled Trout Dark grayish-blue backSilvery bottomDark spots on upper sides, dorsal fin and tailOne or two prominent canine teeth on upper jawGrassy areas, bays and coastal areas1-2 lbs.
14 Inshore Species Sheepshead Convict FishVertical black and white barsSharp spines and gill coversNear pilings, jetties, reefs and shell shores1-3 lbs.
15 Inshore Species Hardhead Catfish Dark grey backSilvery-white underneathCoast, bays and inletsToxic slime on fins½-3 lbs.
16 Inshore Species Southern Flounder Dark olive to lighter brownLies on sideWhite undersideBoth eyes on “up” sideSandy and silty bottoms along shores and estuariesCaught by gigging1-2 lbs.
17 Inshore Species Atlantic Stingray Brownish aboveWhite underneathRhomboid shapeTriangular nosePainful tail spineFound on or close to bottom6-8 inches wide and up to 2 feet in length
18 Inshore Species Bull Shark Dark gray aboveWhite belowWide head, blunt snout, and heavy bodyLive in fresh and salt watersFound in estuaries, bays and shallow watersUp to 500 lbs. and 10 feet long
19 Inshore Species Tarpon Silver kingBody jaws, elongated dorsal fin, falcate anal fin, and large flat scalesExciting catchFound in estuaries, bays and inlets30-80 lbs.
20 Deep Sea Habitats Natural Reefs Artificial Reefs Abundance of food and shelterReduced wave activity“Fish eat fish” worldArtificial ReefsMost costly to incorporateMany fish seek out for shelterSunken objectsBurned car shellsBundles of clay and concretePipeOyster shellsSunken ships
21 Fish Eat Fish World Catch small fish Notice increase in strength Pull up much larger fish
22 Deep Sea Habitats Blue Water Line Off-Shore Oil Rigs Two currents come in contactForms line of sediment and trashAllows fish to hide from predatorsOff-Shore Oil RigsSupports covered with algae, crustaceans and snailsTrollingAvoid close passes for safetyStill fishingTie up to supportAttracts fish from depths
23 Deep Sea Habitats Objects Floating debris Turtles Fishing boats Smaller fish escape netsThrow undesirable species overboard
24 Bottom/Reef Offshore Species Red Snapper Deep rosy color with dark fringe around finsOften confused with redfishUnited dorsal finFound close to the bottomStrike chum bait rather than lures
25 Bottom/Reef Offshore Species Jewfish Dark to chocolate brownRound tailfinsLarge reaching lbs.Good spear fishing
26 Migratory Offshore Species Wahoo Dark blue above, lavender sides and silver underneathYoung have distinctive vertical barsSolitary feeder20 lbs.
27 Migratory Offshore Species Cobia Dark brown to black above with white belowSpike like spines on dorsal finsDark band from snout to tailTendency to associate with floating objects15-30 lbs.
28 Migratory Offshore Species Spanish Mackerel Black top, blue-green sides and silver belowOrange to brown spotsHuge schools along coastFound in mouth passes into the gulfMost abundant during summer1-2 lbs.
29 Migratory Offshore Species Blackfin Tuna Dark blue back to silver belowVertical bars and dots along sidesMay have yellow streak on sidesLive and move freely in the open sea10-20 lbs.
30 Migratory Offshore Species Blue Marlin Deep blue above to silvery-white underneathVertical lavender bars appear when hookedFound in deep blue waters far offshoreHighly sought after sport fish200 lbs.
32 Summary What fish swims on it’s side? What is the most costly type of habitat?What is also known asthe “convict fish”What fish has two prominent canine teeth?What is formed when fresh and salt waters mix?