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The Best Known Artist of Our Times

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1 The Best Known Artist of Our Times
Pablo Picasso The Best Known Artist of Our Times

2 Pablo Picasso ( )

3 Growing Up Picasso Picasso was born on October 25,1881 in Malaga, Andalusia, Spain to Don Jose Ruiz Blasco and Maria Picasso y Lopez. His full name was Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Crispiano de la Santisima Trinidad.

4 His father taught drawing and served as curator of Malaga municipal museum and dabbled in painting.
His family moved to Corunna when he was 10 – Jose got a position as Professor of Drawing at the Instituto Da Guarda.

5 Even as a young boy, it was apparent that Pablo had great potential as an artist.
This was painted when he was 8 or 9 years old. Le Picador, Oil on wood

6 Profil Droit d’homme, 1892-1893 Conté pencil
11 years old

7 1895 – Don Jose transferred to the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona
1896 – Picasso enrolled in the School of Fine Arts at age 14 He required one day to complete entrance exams to SFA – the rules of the school allowed one month to complete entrance examination

8 Tetê de Vieillard, 1895 Oil on Canvas
14 years old

9 1897 – Science and Charity wins “Honorable Mention” at Madrid General Fine Arts Exhibition
1897 – Science and Charity wins “Gold Medal” at Provincial Exhibition in Malaga Science et charité, 1897 Oil on canvas

10 1897 – Because of his success at the Exhibition in Malaga, Picasso is sent to Madrid to learn at the Royal Academy of San Fernando Picasso’s work was uninspired though – he did not stay long at the school Fille bohemienne devant La Musciera, 1898 [1900] Pastel on paper Tête d’homme à la Greco, Oil on Canvas

11 1900 – Picasso went to Paris for the first time
Divided next 3 years between Paris and Spain Met Pedro Manach on first trip to Paris Did financially well during this period Le Moulin de la Galette, 1900

12 The Blue Period Spanned 1901-1904
His paintings of this time were usually bathed in blues and greens, with wispy, sad-looking characters. They were known for creating feelings of sadness in the viewer. This period may have been attributed to the suicide of Picasso’s friend, Carlos Casagemas.

13 --Pierre Cabanne, Pablo Picasso: His Life and Times (1977)
"...a new malaise of bitterness and wrath now drove his work toward a tragic expressionism. The obsession with Casagemas's...suicide colored the entire Blue Period..." --Pierre Cabanne, Pablo Picasso: His Life and Times (1977)

14 Miséreuse accroupie, 1902 Oil on canvas
Le vieux juif (Le vieillard), 1903 Oil on canvas

15 Vieux Guitariste Aveugle (1903)

16 His Blue Period paintings were not well-received by the public
Works dated 1901 and earlier continued to sell Public still preferred naturalistic subjects

17 The Rose Period Began in the beginning of 1905 when Picasso took up with Fernande Olivier Populated by saltimbanques, harlequins, and jesters

18 Acrobate et Jeune Arlequin (1905) Gouache & pastel on cardboard

19 Bouffon et Jeune Acrobate (1905) Charcoal, pastel & watercolor on paper

20 Picasso was ‘discovered’ in 1905 by Gertrude Stein, who became a good friend and collector of Picasso’s works. Portrait de Gertrude Stein, 1906 Oil on canvas

21 Primitivism Leads to Cubism…
1906 – Met Georges Braque Together they explored African art, Cubism, and paper collage techniques. Georges Braque: Houses at L’Estaque, 1908

22 Masque Nègre, 1907 Oil on wood
Autoportrait, 1907 Oil on canvas Nu Debout, Trois Femmes, 1907 Pencil & watercolor

23 1907- painted Les Damoiselles d'Avignon
‘Brutally violent’ masterpiece that was universally unappreciated by viewers Bought by Daniel-Henry Kahweiler Became Picasso's principal dealer until 1918

24 Les Damoiselles d'Avignon (1907)

25 1910 – invented "cracked mirror" style of painting
Portrait de Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, 1910 Oil on canvas

26 Fernande Olivier was “replaced” by Eva Gouel
Picasso starts using Cubism Cubism was ridiculed by public, but the number of Picasso collectors continued to grow Picasso and Braque gave life to Cubism and developed the style

27 Pipe, verre, as de trefle, bouteille de Bass, guitare, de (‘Ma Jolie’), 1914 Oil on canvas

28 Compotier avec fruits, mandoline, verre sure une table dans un paysage, 1915 Oil on canvas

29 Cubism Out, Surrealism In
December Eva died of tuberculosis Picasso met writer Jean Cocteau Cocteau became Picasso's good friend Picasso made first foray into theatre Did set and costumes for Parade performed by Ballets Russes

30 Sketch of set for Parade, 1917

31 1918 – Picasso married Olga Khoklova, one of the Russian dancers with Ballets Russes
1921 – Picasso and Olga's son Paul was born. Paul was Picasso's only legitimate child Portrait de Olga, 1919 India ink & tempera on paper

32 This is a painting of Picasso’s son Paul, as a harlequin.
Paul as Harlequin (1924)

33 Around 1923, Picasso began to depart from Cubism, and turned towards classicism
1923 – Picasso broke ground with Surrealism His marriage with Olga started breaking up 1923 – Olga was “replaced” in Picasso's art by Sara Murphy

34 Women and War: Sources of Key Paintings
1927 – Met Marie-Therese Walter, and they began a clandestine affair 1935 – Picasso’s relationship with Marie-Therese produced a child, Maya 1935 – Went through divorce proceedings with Olga Divorce proceedings were eventually dropped Although separated, the Picassos remained married until Olga's death in 1955

35 1936 - Met photographer Dora Marr
Began an affair with Dora Marr even as he continued to see Marie-Therese April 26, German planes bombed and strafe Guernica – a small Basque town in Spain Bombing at Guernica produced Picasso's anguished Guernica for the Spanish Pavilion of Paris World's Fair Guernica embodied the horror and crime of attack and Picasso's deep pain at what was happening to his country

36 Guernica (1937)

37 German Occupation of France
Picasso rarely ventured out of his studio He was occasionally harassed by Germans Met artist Francois Gilot, who replaced Dora Maar Picasso was now 62 years old

38 Autobiographical Classicism Takes Priority in Last Years
1944 – Picasso joins Communist Party 1946 – Francois Gilot moves in 1947 – Picasso and Francois' son, Claude, is born 1948 – Participated in Warsaw Congress of Intellectuals for Peace 1949 – Picasso and Francois's daughter, Paloma, is born

39 1950 – Picasso was awarded with the Lenin Peace Prize by the Communist Party
1953 – Francois left Picasso She was tired of being "enslaved" to him 1953 – Met Jacqueline Rogue 1957 – UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) asked Picasso to design a mural for the building in Paris 1958 – The Fall of Icarus was installed in UNESCO's building in Paris

40 The Fall of Icarus, 1958

41 1961 – Married Jacqueline Rogue
Jacqueline en mariee, de face I(XIV), 1961 Aquatint, drypoint, engraving & scraper on Auvergne

42 Kept painting until death in 1973
Only exception was in late 1965, when he secretly had ulcer surgery Picasso at his studio

43 Death Stinks, Doesn’t It?
Died April 8, 1973 Died of heart attack brought on by pulmonary edema Died at age 91 Estate yielded phenomenal inventory of remaining works- over 35,000 pieces of art Included paintings, drawings, sculptures, ceramics, prints, and woodcuts

44 END

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