Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Gender Analysis. What is Gender Analysis? Gender analysis is a systematic way of examining the differences in roles and norms for women."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to Gender Analysis
What is Gender Analysis? Gender analysis is a systematic way of examining the differences in roles and norms for women and men, girls and boys; the different levels of power they hold; their differing needs, constraints, and opportunities; and the impact of these differences in their lives. - Adapted from Canadian International Development Agency
How Does Gender Analysis Help Us Design and Manage Better Health Programs? Through data collection and analysis, gender analysis identifies and interprets: The consequences of gender differences and relations for achieving health objectives How health interventions may influence or change relations of power between women and men
Different Approaches, But Two Fundamental Questions How will the different roles and status of women and men affect the work to be undertaken? How will anticipated results of the work affect women and men differently?
Examine different domains of gender relations: Practices, Roles, and Participation Knowledge, Beliefs, and Perceptions (some of which are norms) Access to Resources Legal Rights and Status To Understand Gender Relations, Many Gender Analyses...
Practices, Roles, and Participation Gender structures peoples behaviors and actions --what they do (Practices), the way they carry out what they do (Roles), and how and where they spend their time (Participation). Participation in Activities Meetings Political Processes Services Training Courses 2004 Bangladesh Center for Communication Programs, Courtesy of Photoshare
Knowledge, Beliefs, and Perceptions (Some of Which are Norms) Knowledge that men and women are privy toWho knows what Beliefs (ideology) about how men and women and boys and girls should conduct their daily lives Perceptions that guide how people interpret aspects of their lives differently depending on their gender identity 2005 Kevin McNulty, Courtesy of Photoshare
Assets: Natural & productive resources Information Education Social capital Income Services Employment Benefits The capacity to access resources necessary to be a fully active and productive (socially, economically, and politically) participant in society. Access to Assets 2007 Farah Riaz, Courtesy of Photoshare
Legal Rights and Status Refers to how gender affects the way people are regarded and treated by both customary law and the formal legal code and judicial system. Rights to Inheritance Legal Documents Identity cards Property titles Voter registration Reproductive Choice Representation Due Process
Power Controlling (acquiring and disposing of) resources Valuing certain knowledge more than other knowledge Ones body (sexual behaviors and reproductive choice) Children Choice of occupation and participation in activities Affairs of the household, community, municipality, and state Voting, running for office, and legislating Entering into legal contracts Moving about and associating with others Gender relations influence peoples ability to freely decide, influence, control, enforce, and engage in collective actions. To exercise decisions about
In Short, Gender Analysis Reveals Gender- Based Opportunities and Constraints Gender-based Constraints are gender relations (in different domains) that inhibit either mens or womens access to resources or opportunities of any type. Gender-based Opportunities are gender relations (in different domains) that facilitate mens or womens access to resources or opportunities of any type.
Different Contexts Social relationships Partnerships Households Communities Civil society and governmental organizations/institutions And remember: gender constraints and opportunities need to be investigated in specific contexts, as they vary over time and across Sociocultural contexts Ethnicity Class Race Residence Age
Sources of Data Primary Interviewsindividual and group Participatory research Surveys Secondary Gender assessmentscountry or topic Local organizations and partners International grey literature Published articles Experiences of those most affected and their advocates.
Sex-Disaggregated Data To move to a gender analysis: 1.Examine sex-disaggregated quantitative data to identify notable issues/patterns 2.Identify the principal practices that are producing the issues 3.Analyze the gender relations that shape these practices Important to, but not the same as, a gender analysis...