Presentation on theme: "Violence against women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on global and regional promising practices Mary Ellsberg, Ph.D. Vice President, Health and."— Presentation transcript:
Violence against women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on global and regional promising practices Mary Ellsberg, Ph.D. Vice President, Health and Development
Study led by PATH under contract to AUSAID Mary Ellsberg, formerly of PATH Chris Bradley, independent consultant Andrew Egan, AUSAID Amy Haddad, AUSAID
Participatory review of promising practices in GBV in Melanesia and East Timor Goal is to contribute to evidence base on what works and what doesnt in GBV programming based on experiences in Melanesia and East Timor Provide lessons learned from the region and recommendations to AUSAID and governments for strengthening and scaling up support to promising interventions in the region
Whats working and whats not? Innovative solutions- what contributed to their success? Where are the gaps? How to strengthen GBV work and scale up promising practices? What lessons can be applied to other settings?
Methodology Document Review Field visits of international team – 5-9 days per country –Interviews with key informants –Focus Group Discussions with a broad cross section of different individuals and sectors that come into contact with GBV issues and programs –Creation of Advisory Groups in each country
Over 700 individuals participated Focus groups and interviews with: –Magistrates, public solicitors, police –Womens crisis centers, churches, women activists –Government officials (MoH, MSW, MWA) –Donors, UN agencies, INGOs –Community men and women, youth groups, beneficiaries of programs
Participatory methods used Free listing and ranking Timelines Open ended stories Venn Diagrams Organizational mapping
What do we need to change?
Who can help Leila? (domestic violence case) Venn diagram by FWCC staff, Suva Hospital Church Groups Friend FAMILY the women come here after theyve tried everything else Give her counseling, and discuss if she feels safe to go home, or back to her relatives. If shes badly bruised, We take her to the government hospital for a medical report. Some women come in and say theyve been to the police so many times and nothing has happened. Someone nearby who she trusts, who will listen to her… but she might tell her just think of their children, think of her family The Family might be helpful at first and take her in for a short while. But after that, reconciliation comes in and the husband comes around and they all want her to go back to him. His whole family might come with him and ask for her to go back, and she cant refuse They do the examination and medical report, some doctors do give them some counselling and tell them its their right to not be beaten. LEILA Crisis Center Police They will talk about the marriage vows: Till death do us part.
The Road Traveled The history of work on VAW in Vanuatu (Timelines) 1980 VNCW established 1980 Independence of Vanuatu from France and England women allowed and encouraged to vote Chiefs ruling about women wearing trousers 1985 Nairobi Conference 1995 CEDAW and CRC ratified 1999 Family Protection Bill submitted (still not passed) 2006 Womens national Plan developed by DWA 1992 VWCC established 1995 Setting up Department of Womens affairs
Whos working on GBV in Vanuatu? Whos missing? (stakeholder mapping) Dept womens affairs Bilateral s AUSAID, NZD Public solicitor Local provincial governmen t Judiciar y Fiji womens crisis center Police CAVAWS Church Vanuatu youth center chiefs USP OXFAM PWNAVAW Community legal center Malvatumauri Council of chiefs Media VANGO Education department Health department RRRT UNIFEM, UNAIDS, UNICEF, UNPFA Vanuatu council of churches international Not involved NGOs Goverments Pacific childrens program
Developing a Blueprint for Action Findings analyzed together with local researchers and TAG members in a regional workshop in PNG Recommendations developed through consensus-based process Report vetted by local TAG members
Some final reflections…
Local womens leadership must be recognized and nurtured
Working with traditional culture, not against it Committees against Violence against Women (Vanuatu) works closely with traditional chiefs and encourages dialogue with formal justice system Wan Smol Bag – theater group encourages reflection on meaning of local customs
Engaging is new partnerships is critical for changing community norms –Church groups (Weavers) –Trauma and peace building activities (Kup Women for Peace, PNG, Sols) –Sports –Health sector –Schools
Men and boys as allies…
Sharing knowledge and experiences is key! Beijing Conference Visit of Puntos de Encuentro to East Timor Pacific delegation to Rio Conference on Men and Boys