12Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions DCP QualificationsDCP Terms of Reference
13ICAO SARPs Annex 6, 9.4.4 - Pilot Proficiency Checks An operator shall ensure that piloting technique and the ability to execute emergency procedures is checked to demonstrate competencyIf under instrument flight rules the pilot’s competence to comply with such rules is demonstratedEither a check pilot of the operator or to a representative of the State of the OperatorPerformed twice within any period of one year..
14ICAO Guidance DOC 8335 - Pilot Proficiency Checks when properly controlled by the CAA, the designation of qualified operator personnel to assist in some inspection functions, such as periodic pilot proficiency checks, route checks, etc., can be acceptableit must be stressed that the designated operator personnel, when performing their duties, must be kept under the supervisory and technical control of the CAA.
15ICAO Guidance DOC 8335 - Pilot Proficiency Checks Proficiency checks are carried out in accordance with the standards and frequency prescribed in the regulationsThe CAA inspector should possess the appropriate licence and be currently qualified in the specific type of aircraft to be used for the checkAlternatively, the CAA inspector may choose to observe or monitor such checks conducted by an appropriately designated check pilot
16ICAO Guidance DOC 8335 - Pilot Proficiency Checks The CAA inspector should observe or monitor a sufficient number of checks conducted by such personnel each year in order to ensure positive CAA quality control of check proceduresThe pilot proficiency check should be conducted in such a manner that the pilot demonstrates knowledge, skill and judgment relative to:the aircraft, its systems and components;pilot performance in accordance with the procedures and limitations contained in the manufacturer's AFM, AOM, Operations Manual, etc.
17Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions DCP Qualifications/AdmDCP Terms of Reference
18General Conditions Delegation Policy Perform checks on behalf of CAA Restricted to certain checksApproved by CAA
19General Conditions Conflict of Interest (Perceived or real) Financial interest in the company or family tiesPrivileges or favors which could bias DCPCompany to review and advise CAATo avoid a real conflict of interest, imperative to adhere to DCP Manual
20Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions DCP Qualifications/AdmDCP Terms of Reference
21DCP QUALIFICATIONS CURRENCY & TRAINING REQ’TS a DCP must hold a valid ATPL with rating endorsed on typea DCP must have completed an DCP Courseattend a refresher DCP Course every 5 yrsconduct at least 10 checkrides a year1000 HRS PIC on appropriate aeroplanes -500hrs on type (Type A)Minimum of six months experience as Line Captain on the aircraft
22DCP Qualifications cont’d Loss of Medicaladvise CAAperform checks in simulator onlycomplete requirements of training programmeevery 6 months monitor four sectors
23DCP Administration DCP Approval Monitoring DCP Air Operator Responsibilities
24DCP Approval DCP Application from air operator Determine need for DCP number/variety of aircraftlocation of bases/simulatorstype of operationnumber of DCPs employed
25DCP Approval Inspector briefings procedures/techniques for checks techniques/standards for assessmentbriefing/debriefing procedurescompletion of formscontents of publications
26DCP Approval Monitoring DCP Initial DCP Monitors (2), Conducts (1) Conduct 12 month PPC on Type A DCPMonitoring DCP conducting check every 12 monthMonitoring activities (reports, etc.)
27DCP Approval Air Operator Responsibilities Monitor DCP validity Maintain records for audit purposesMonthly schedule to CAAAdvise CAA of due datesSubmit check report to CAA
28Limits of Authority Recurrent PPC Recurrent IRT Line Checks Line Indoc 1200/600 RVR T/OCat 2/ Cat 3 Ops
29Limits of Authority . Semi-annual PPC on Supervisor Retest of failed PPC/IRT (CAA advised)Recurrent Trng/Checking with approvalNot Allowed:initial or upgrade training followed by check by same individual;DCP conducting check ride on Inspector
30THE APPENDICES A. Nomination Form B. DCP Approval C. Pilot’s Line Check ReportD. Schedule of Flight ChecksE. Check Pilot Monitoring ReportF. Sample Check Pilot ReportG. Summary of PPC Standards
32GPS Operations Short Term - Non-Precision approaches - Domestic enroute/terminal- OceanicLong Term- CAT I approaches- Possibly CAT II and IIIIFR Approval- US and Canada concurrently
33GPS Requirements With RAIM: Without Raim: RAIM: - use GPS for "overlay" and "standalone"- conventional navaids must work at alternate- MNPS requirements - 1 GPS and 1 other RNAV system- need a TSO C129 receiver- no need to monitor navaidsWithout Raim:- must monitor navaids- not approved for IFRRAIM:- Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring
34GPS OVERLAY APPROACHES approach to use published name (NDB 24)approach must be in databaseno monitoring required (with RAIM)NAVAIDS and a/c receivers operatingrequested and approved as GPS approach(GPS 24)RAIM must be availableground-based navaids at destination can beinoperative but navaids at alternate operativeGPS STANDALONE APPROACHES
35Differential GPSWide areaLocalIntegrity and availibityAccuracy
36Professional Update NAVIGATION WEATHER AIRSPACE RNAV Direct Routes Designated Check Pilot CourseNAVIGATIONWEATHERAIRSPACERNAV Direct Routes
37RNAV Direct Routes Presently 3 types of route are available: 1) Random direct FL 390 and above2) City pair T-routes FL 310 and above3) *MMT routes FL FL 390Random routes to be available in future* MMT-Minimum Time Track
38RNAV Approaches Multi-Sensor RNAV RWY 08 YTZ Certification of receivers a problemAll approaches could be RNAVType of sensor - determine limitsAll info must be in database **and operator certified for use
39FMS FACF Required by FMS databases On final about 8 NM from threshold FINAL APPROACH COURSE FIXRequired by FMS databasesOn final about 8 NM from thresholdPrior to vnav/FAFICAO 5-letter pronounceable nameFor all ILS and LOC approaches
40FMS Approaches Database : Jeppesen Types of FMS Approaches: GPS RNAV VOR,VOR/DMENDB,NDB/DMELOC/BCLOCILS with advanced EFIS
41Approach Changes NAME CHANGES POSITION REPORTS soon to be RNAV and then MDA will be based on the type of sensorPOSITION REPORTSDuring approaches at controlled airports- Make requested reports only- Report position only- Expect report at FAF
42Approach Changes Pass altitude on departure - Initial call add passing altitudeand give cleared altitudeIf pilot cannot make an altitude restriction:- Pilot actions: • ask for instructions• enter hold if no instructions- Controller actions: • protect holding airspace
43Course Schedule 1/2 Introduction Forms and Administration DCP Quals/Reqts/TermsCanadian Aviation RegsInstrument procedures
46Definitions Shall: Imperative, procedure is mandatory Will: Mandatory, comprehensive, and dispositive in natureMust: Primarily mandatory, not the only meaning,used for both permissive and mandatory senseMay: Speculation, uncertainty, permissiveShould: Implying duty of obligation, also permissivePractical: Available or useful in practice - inclined or suitedto action rather than speculationPracticable: Physically possibleThe above definitions are summarized/paraphrased from Black's LawDictionnary except "Practical" which was copied fromthe Concise Oxford Dictionary.
47New Altimeter Error Policy "An aircraft altimeter which has thecurrent altimeter setting applied to thesubscale should not have an error of morethan ±50ft when compared on the groundagainst a known aerodrome/runway elevation.If the error is more than ±50 ft the accuracy ofthe altimeter is questionable and the problemshould be investigated." (CAP.GEN)
48Fly Runway Heading When instructed to fly runway heading or when flying a SID for which no specificheading is published, pilots are expected to:• Fly runway heading• Do not apply drift correction• FMS fly track
54Speed Limits 200kts below 3,000 ft within 10 NM of tower 250 kts below 10,000 ft (exemptions)
55(Controlled Airspace) * Minimum IFR Alttudes(Controlled Airspace)a) Minimum Enroute Altitude (MEA)b) Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude (MOCA)c) Geographic Area Safe Altitude (GASA)d) Minimum Sector Altitude (MSA)e) Safe altitude 100 NMf) Minimum vectoring altitudeg) Transition altitude* ATC is not permitted to approve or assignany IFR altitude below the minimum IFR altitude
56Altitude Correction Chart A/D Height above the elevation of the altimeter SourceTemp oC0o-10o-20o-30o-40o-50oNote: Values should be added to published altitudes
57Altimeter Settings Requirements Before commencing an IFR approach, setcurrent altimeter settingAltimeter setting can be local or remoteReadings are considered current for up to 90minutesIf pressure falling rapidly, may add value topublished DH/MDACorrection factor to be applied for remotealtimeter sourceTemperature correction to be appliedin all cases
58Visual Approach VFR approach while on IFR flight plan Weather - VFR (300m- 5km)ATC may give radar vectors to gain operational advantagesWeather - ceiling 200m abovemin vector altitude - ground visat least 5 kmCondition: pilot shall be in visual contact with the airport and/or trafficPilot is responsible for:- Wake turbulence separation- noise abatement- Obstacle clearance
59Cleared for an Approach Can fly any published inst. approachCan descend to minimum IFR altitudesThree route options:- cleared route- transition- directMust advise ATC which route and approach
60Straight-In Approach No PT published straight-ins ATC radar-vectored straight-insCan not do straight-in otherwise
62Aircraft Approach Category Category A B C D ESpeeds UP to kt Above90kt kt kt kt ktAll rotocraft are Category AUse speed flown on approach to determine categoryUse Minima for category flown
63Glidepath Fails During ILS Advise ATCDetermine new minimaChange beacon X-ing altTime and descent rate to MDAIf in doubt, overshoot
64Light Settings and RVR RVR readouts compensate for the setting of the runway edge lights. At setting 5 theRVR will give the highest reading. This willaffect the RVR readout even if the runwaylights are off.ATC should advise pilots when the runwaylight intensity is at setting 4 or 5.
65Missed Approach During Circling Commence climbAdvise ATCTurn toward airport (normally)Fly published procedureUse local knowledge and plate tomake a safe procedure
66Circling Approach Area Radii CategoryABCDERadius(Miles)22.214.171.124.34.5• Keep runway in sight• Stay at MDA until normal landing assured
67Landing Minima Landings are governed by published DH/MDAs. Pilots of aircraft on instrument approaches areprohibited from continuing the descent belowDH or MDA, unless the required visual reference isestablished and maintained in order to completea safe landing.
68Visual References a) The runway or runway markings; At least one of the following:a) The runway or runway markings;b) The runway threshold or threshold markings;c) The touchdown zone or touchdown zone markings;d) The approach lights;e) The approach slope indicator system;f) The runway identification lights (rils);g) The threshold and runway end lights;h) The touchdown zone lights;i) The runway edge lights; orj) The runway centreline lights.