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COSCAP-SA DCPCourse. Course Objectives Validate DCP authority Promote standardization Review standards and procedures Review flight testing procedures.

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Presentation on theme: "COSCAP-SA DCPCourse. Course Objectives Validate DCP authority Promote standardization Review standards and procedures Review flight testing procedures."— Presentation transcript:

1 COSCAP-SA DCPCourse

2 Course Objectives Validate DCP authority Promote standardization Review standards and procedures Review flight testing procedures

3 Course Schedule Course Schedule Introduction Introduction ICAO SARPS ICAO SARPS General Conditions General Conditions DCP Qualifications DCP Qualifications DCP Terms of Reference DCP Terms of Reference

4 Course Schedule (cont) Principles of Testing Principles of Testing Principles of Assessment Principles of Assessment Conducting a PPC Conducting a PPC PPCTolerances PPCTolerances Assessment Scenarios Discussion Groups Discussion Groups

5 Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions General Conditions DCP Qualifications DCP Qualifications DCP Terms of Reference DCP Terms of Reference

6 Introduction Course Instructor: Captain Len Cormier COSCAP-SA

7 . Participation. Tea Break. Promptness. Washrooms …..enjoy the course

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12 Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions General Conditions DCP Qualifications DCP Qualifications DCP Terms of Reference DCP Terms of Reference

13 ICAO SARPs n Annex 6, Pilot Proficiency Checks – –An operator shall ensure that piloting technique and the ability to execute emergency procedures is checked to demonstrate competency – –If under instrument flight rules the pilots competence to comply with such rules is demonstrated – –Either a check pilot of the operator or to a representative of the State of the Operator – –Performed twice within any period of one year..

14 ICAO Guidance n DOC Pilot Proficiency Checks – –when properly controlled by the CAA, the designation of qualified operator personnel to assist in some inspection functions, such as periodic pilot proficiency checks, route checks, etc., can be acceptable – – it must be stressed that the designated operator personnel, when performing their duties, must be kept under the supervisory and technical control of the CAA.

15 ICAO Guidance n DOC Pilot Proficiency Checks – –Proficiency checks are carried out in accordance with the standards and frequency prescribed in the regulations – –The CAA inspector should possess the appropriate licence and be currently qualified in the specific type of aircraft to be used for the check – –Alternatively, the CAA inspector may choose to observe or monitor such checks conducted by an appropriately designated check pilot

16 ICAO Guidance n DOC Pilot Proficiency Checks – –The CAA inspector should observe or monitor a sufficient number of checks conducted by such personnel each year in order to ensure positive CAA quality control of check procedures – –The pilot proficiency check should be conducted in such a manner that the pilot demonstrates knowledge, skill and judgment relative to: – –the aircraft, its systems and components; – –pilot performance in accordance with the procedures and limitations contained in the manufacturer's AFM, AOM, Operations Manual, etc.

17 Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions General Conditions DCP Qualifications/Adm DCP Qualifications/Adm DCP Terms of Reference DCP Terms of Reference

18 General Conditions n Delegation Policy –Perform checks on behalf of CAA –Restricted to certain checks –Approved by CAA

19 General Conditions n Conflict of Interest (Perceived or real) –Financial interest in the company or family ties –Privileges or favors which could bias DCP –Company to review and advise CAA –To avoid a real conflict of interest, imperative to adhere to DCP Manual

20 Course Schedule Introduction ICAO SARPS General Conditions General Conditions DCP Qualifications/Adm DCP Qualifications/Adm DCP Terms of Reference DCP Terms of Reference

21 DCP QUALIFICATIONS n CURRENCY & TRAINING REQTS –a DCP must hold a valid ATPL with rating endorsed on type –a DCP must have completed an DCP Course –attend a refresher DCP Course every 5 yrs –conduct at least 10 checkrides a year –1000 HRS PIC on appropriate aeroplanes -500hrs on type (Type A) –Minimum of six months experience as Line Captain on the aircraft

22 DCP Qualifications contd n Loss of Medical –advise CAA –perform checks in simulator only –complete requirements of training programme –every 6 months monitor four sectors

23 DCPAdministration DCP Approval Monitoring DCP Air Operator Responsibilities

24 DCP Approval n DCP Application from air operator n Determine need for DCP –number/variety of aircraft –location of bases/simulators –type of operation –number of DCPs employed

25 DCP Approval n Inspector briefings –procedures/techniques for checks –techniques/standards for assessment –briefing/debriefing procedures –completion of forms –contents of publications

26 DCP Approval n Monitoring DCP –Initial DCP Monitors (2), Conducts (1) –Conduct 12 month PPC on Type A DCP –Monitoring DCP conducting check every 12 month –Monitoring activities (reports, etc.)

27 DCP Approval n Air Operator Responsibilities –Monitor DCP validity –Maintain records for audit purposes –Monthly schedule to CAA –Advise CAA of due dates –Submit check report to CAA

28 Limits of Authority Recurrent PPC Recurrent IRT Line Checks Line Indoc 1200/600 RVR T/O Cat 2/ Cat 3 Ops

29 . Limits of Authority Semi-annual PPC on Supervisor Semi-annual PPC on Supervisor Retest of failed PPC/IRT (CAA advised) Retest of failed PPC/IRT (CAA advised) Recurrent Trng/Checking with approval Recurrent Trng/Checking with approval Not Allowed: Not Allowed: –initial or upgrade training followed by check by same individual; –DCP conducting check ride on Inspector

30 THE APPENDICES n A. Nomination Form n B. DCP Approval n C. Pilots Line Check Report n D. Schedule of Flight Checks n E. Check Pilot Monitoring Report n F. Sample Check Pilot Report n G. Summary of PPC Standards

31 Professional Update GPS-Operations -Requirements -Testing -Approaches -Differential GPS RNAV-Direct Routes -Certification -Approaches FMS-FACF -Approaches Approach Changes

32 GPS Operations Short Term - Non-Precision approaches - Domestic enroute/terminal - Oceanic Long Term - CAT I approaches - Possibly CAT II and III IFR Approval - US and Canada concurrently

33 GPS Requirements With RAIM: - use GPS for "overlay" and "standalone" - conventional navaids must work at alternate - MNPS requirements - 1 GPS and 1 other RNAV system - need a TSO C129 receiver - no need to monitor navaids Without Raim: - must monitor navaids - not approved for IFR RAIM: - Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring

34 GPS OVERLAY APPROACHES approach to use published name (NDB 24) approach must be in database no monitoring required (with RAIM) NAVAIDS and a/c receivers operating requested and approved as GPS approach (GPS 24) RAIM must be available ground-based navaids at destination can be inoperative but navaids at alternate operative GPS STANDALONE APPROACHES

35 Differential GPS Wide area Local Integrity and availibity Accuracy

36 Professional Update Designated Check Pilot Course NAVIGATION WEATHER AIRSPACE RNAV Direct Routes

37 Presently 3 types of route are available: 1) Random direct FL 390 and above 2) City pair T-routes FL 310 and above 3) *MMT routes FL FL 390 Random routes to be available in future *MMT-Minimum Time Track

38 RNAV Approaches Multi-Sensor RNAV RWY 08 YTZ Certification of receivers a problem All approaches could be RNAV Type of sensor - determine limits All info must be in database * * and operator certified for use

39 FMS FACF Required by FMS databases On final about 8 NM from threshold Prior to vnav/FAF ICAO 5-letter pronounceable name For all ILS and LOC approaches FINAL APPROACH COURSE FIX

40 FMS Approaches n Database : Jeppesen n Types of FMS Approaches: GPS RNAV VOR,VOR/DME NDB,NDB/DME LOC/BC LOC ILS with advanced EFIS

41 Approach Changes NAME CHANGES soon to be RNAV and then MDA will be based on the type of sensor POSITION REPORTS During approaches at controlled airports - Make requested reports only - Report position only - Expect report at FAF

42 Approach Changes Pass altitude on departure - Initial call add passing altitude and give cleared altitude If pilot cannot make an altitude restriction: - Pilot actions: ask for instructions enter hold if no instructions - Controller actions: protect holding airspace

43 Course Schedule 1/2Introduction Forms and Administration Forms and Administration DCP Quals/Reqts/Terms DCP Quals/Reqts/Terms Canadian Aviation Regs Canadian Aviation Regs Instrument procedures Instrument procedures

44 Instrument Procedures 1 Outline 1. Flight Planning 2. Departure 3. Enroute 4. Holding 5. Arrival 6. Approach 7. Missed Approach 8. Circling 9. Landing

45 Instrument Procedures 1 Outline 1. Flight Planning 2. Departure 3. Enroute 4. Holding 5. Arrival 6. Approach 7. Missed Approach 8. Circling 9. Landing

46 Definitions Shall: Imperative, procedure is mandatory Will: Mandatory, comprehensive, and dispositive in nature Must: Primarily mandatory, not the only meaning, used for both permissive and mandatory sense May: Speculation, uncertainty, permissive Should: Implying duty of obligation, also permissive Practical: Available or useful in practice - inclined or suited to action rather than speculation Practicable: Physically possible The above definitions are summarized/paraphrased from Black's Law Dictionnary except "Practical" which was copied from the Concise Oxford Dictionary.

47 New Altimeter Error Policy "An aircraft altimeter which has the current altimeter setting applied to the subscale should not have an error of more than ±50ft when compared on the ground against a known aerodrome/runway elevation. If the error is more than ±50 ft the accuracy of the altimeter is questionable and the problem should be investigated." (CAP.GEN)

48 Fly Runway Heading When instructed to fly runway heading or when flying a SID for which no specific heading is published, pilots are expected to: Fly runway heading Do not apply drift correction FMS fly track

49 Standard Climb Gradient

50 Obstacle Clearance after T/O VFR climb (Y/N) Departure procedure(Y/N) Missed approach procedure(Y/N) Sector altitudes(Y/N) Topo maps or local knowledge(Y/N) SID- pilot and nav

51 Holding Pattern

52 Max Holding Speeds Jet- 14K and below kt - above 14 K - 265kt - in climb kt Prop- 175 kt Turbulence- 280kt/ Mach.80

53 Instrument Procedures 2 Outline 1. Flight Planning 2. Departure 3. Enroute 4. Holding 5. Arrival 6. Approach 7. Missed Approach 8. Circling 9. Landing

54 Speed Limits 200kts below 3,000 ft within 10 NM of tower 250 kts below 10,000 ft (exemptions)

55 * Minimum IFR Alttudes (Controlled Airspace) (Controlled Airspace) a) Minimum Enroute Altitude (MEA) b) Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude (MOCA) c) Geographic Area Safe Altitude (GASA) d) Minimum Sector Altitude (MSA) e) Safe altitude 100 NM f) Minimum vectoring altitude g) Transition altitude * ATC is not permitted to approve or assign any IFR altitude below the minimum IFR altitude

56 0 o o o o o o Altitude Correction Chart A/D Height above the elevation of the altimeter Source Note: Values should be added to published altitudes Temp oC

57 Altimeter Settings Requirements Before commencing an IFR approach, set current altimeter setting Altimeter setting can be local or remote Readings are considered current for up to 90 minutes If pressure falling rapidly, may add value to published DH/MDA Correction factor to be applied for remote altimeter source *Temperature correction to be applied in all cases

58 VFR approach while on IFR flight planWeather - VFR (300m- 5km) ATC may give radar vectors to gain operational advantages Weather - ceiling 200m above min vector altitude - ground vis at least 5 km Condition: pilot shall be in visual contact with the airport and/or traffic Pilot is responsible for: - Wake turbulence separation - noise abatement - Obstacle clearance Visual Approach

59 Cleared for an Approach Cleared for an approach Can fly any published inst. approach Can descend to minimum IFR altitudes Three route options: - cleared route - transition - direct Must advise ATC which route and approach

60 Straight-In Approach No PT published straight-ins ATC radar-vectored straight-ins Can not do straight-in otherwise

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62 Aircraft Approach Category Category A B C D E Speeds UP to 91kt Above 90kt 120kt 140kt 165kt 165kt All rotocraft are Category A All rotocraft are Category A Use speed flown on approach to determine category Use speed flown on approach to determine category Use Minima for category flown Use Minima for category flown

63 Glidepath Fails During ILS Advise ATC Determine new minima Change beacon X-ing alt Time and descent rate to MDA If in doubt, overshoot

64 Light Settings and RVR RVR readouts compensate for the setting of the runway edge lights. At setting 5 the RVR will give the highest reading. This will affect the RVR readout even if the runway lights are off. ATC should advise pilots when the runway light intensity is at setting 4 or 5.

65 Missed Approach During Circling Commence climb Advise ATC Turn toward airport (normally) Fly published procedure Use local knowledge and plate to make a safe procedure

66 Keep runway in sight Stay at MDA until normal landing assured Circling Approach Area Radii Approach Category A B C D E Radius (Miles)

67 Landing Minima Landings are governed by published DH/MDAs. Pilots of aircraft on instrument approaches are prohibited from continuing the descent below DH or MDA, unless the required visual reference is established and maintained in order to complete a safe landing.

68 Visual References At least one of the following: a) The runway or runway markings; b) The runway threshold or threshold markings; c) The touchdown zone or touchdown zone markings; d) The approach lights; e) The approach slope indicator system; f) The runway identification lights (rils); g) The threshold and runway end lights; h) The touchdown zone lights; i) The runway edge lights; or j) The runway centreline lights.

69 Questions? Harvard Mk.iv


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