Presentation on theme: "Can you explain my child’s Audiological Report?"— Presentation transcript:
1Can you explain my child’s Audiological Report? Karen Clark, M.A., CCC-A 1, 2Karen M. Ditty, Au.D., CCC-A 2,4Patti Martin, Ph.D., CCC-A 2, 31 UTD /Callier Center for Communication DisordersDallas, TX2 National Center for Hearing Assessment and ManagementLogan, UT3 Arkansas Children’s HospitalLittle Rock, AR4Texas ENT Specialists, PAHouston, TXAdded my degrees etc
2Faculty Disclosure Information In the past 12 months, we have not had a significant financial interest or other relationship with the manufacturer of the product or provider of the services that will be discussed in our presentation. This presentation will not include discussion of pharmaceuticals or devices that have not been approved by the FDA.
3Medical Home Physician The TeamEarlyInterventionistMedical Home PhysicianFamilyAudiologist
4Family Audiological Report Want to understand hearing loss Name: Most Special BabyResults:Very important informationWant to understandhearing lossMust make decisionsfor child
5Early Interventionist Audiological ReportName: Most Special BabyResults:Very important informationUses data to determineeligibility.Reviews informationwith parent.Uses information to guideprogramming.
6Audiologist Audiological Report Makes decisions based on results Name: Most Special BabyResults:Very important informationMakes decisions basedon resultsWants understandingand follow throughfrom familyNeeds feedback fromfamily and EI
7Medical Home Physician Audiological ReportName: Most special BabyResults: Very important informationMakes medical decisionsbased on test results.Coordinates multidisciplinaryMedical evaluations to determineEtiology and identify relatedconditions.
8The Goal A Family-Professional partnership that supports collaborative sharing of audiological information.Partnership“..defined as a relationship of mutual respect between two or more competent persons who have agreed to commit and share their knowledge, skills, and experience in meeting the needs of the child”(SKI-HI Curriculum 2004).
9Challenges to Collaborative Sharing of Audiological Data Audiological information is increasingly complex.Gone are the days when the EI needed only understand simple Xs and Os on a graph.Current assessment protocols leave heads spinning with acronyms and multiple pieces of data – tone burst ABR, click ABR, OAE, ASSR, REM, bone, air, acoustic reflex……
10Challenges to Collaborative Sharing of Audiological Data Early interventionists have widely varied backgrounds.Even with training in intervention specific to infants and toddlers who are deaf and hard of hearing, rapidly evolving clinical practice makes staying current a challenge.Parents and early interventionists may not know the questions to ask.
11Challenges to Collaborative Sharing of Audiological Data Audiologists have varying knowledge, experience, and skill in infant assessment.Even when audiologists have training and skill specific to infants, there is wide variability in the way reports are written and results presented.Audiologists may have difficulty conveying complex data in easily understood terms.Time – never enough for anyone.
13Improved understanding of Audiological Data within the Partnership!
14Understanding terminology! Do not need to know how to do the tests, but need to know what tests are performed, and generally what they are measuring.Examples:Immittance: Middle ear systemOtoacoustic Emissions: Peripheral, outer hair cells, is pre-neuralAuditory Brainstem Response: test that can be used to assess auditory function in infants and young children
15What should you see in an audiological report from a Pediatric Audiologist? Medical History summaryAuditory Brainstem Response (ABR) results which include:Tone Burst, Bone Conduction testingAuditory Steady state AudiometryTympanometric results (High Frequency Probe Tone or infants < 6 Months)Otoacoustic Emissions ResultsBehavioral Audiometry (when age appropriate)Hearing aid results, if obtainedSpecific RecommendationsSo you fit the criteria and know you could be that Pediatric Audiologist we need What about equipment?
16Why are so many audiological tests performed and reported? Cross Check Principle
17Why is the Audiological Report so Complicated? OAEsynchronousClicksAUBone ConductionImmittancedBSPLVRAABRAdBOAAsAuditory NeuropathyTone BurstsdBnHLASSR
18Does the audiological report have to be so complicated? NO,But….The report must be understood by other audiologists and professionals with terminology that is legally correct.
19What is the Audiologist required to report ? Although there are no national protocols or standards many states have guidelines for their audiologists.These guidelines can be obtained via the following link on the NCHAM website:
20American Speech Language & Hearing Association Working on a standard of care with Pediatric Audiologists.Developed a draft copy of “Roles, Knowledge, and Skills: Audiologists Providing Clinical Services to Infants and Young Children Birth to 5 Years of Age”
21How can you interpret the audiological report to your families? HEAR!H: History (medical and audiological)E: Evaluate tests that were performedA: Audiological summary for each earR: Review Recommendations
22Medical and Audiological History Was there a hearing screen at birth?Results?Have there been subsequent audiologicals provided since newborn hearing screen?Were there any medical complications that may put the child “at risk” for hearing loss?Positive CMV screening?Prolonged stay in the NICU?Hyperbilirubinema, anoxia, or other medical complications?Were there any surgeries that have been performed for chronic middle ear effusion?PE tubes?
23Evaluate audiological tests Was a cross check principle used?If testing was not performed was an explanation as to why put in the report?
24Audiological summary for each ear Does the report address the hearing status of each ear in a clear and understandable manner utilizing common terminology used in audiological report writing?If testing was incomplete for an ear, was an explanation provided?
25RecommendationsAre the recommendations consistent with the test findings?Are timely follow up appointments established when necessary?Are referrals made to the appropriate educational facilities?
26How can you explain the audiological report to your families? Example 1 DOB: January 2005Medical History:Significant history includes not passing newborn hearing screen, hyperbilirubinemia and congenital anomalies for he right ear.What is important about this medical history?
27How can you explain the audiological report to your families? Audiological History EXAMPLE 1January 2005: ABR results consistent with a moderate peripheral auditory impairment for the frequency range Hz bilaterally. A response was observed to click stimuli via bone conduction down to 30 dBnHL: however, could not be replicated due to awakening of child.June 2005: ABR results consistent with a moderate peripheral auditory impairment for the frequency range Hz and 500 Hz for the left ear. Further testing could not be completed due to awakening.Why was this test repeated in June? Why so many months later?
28How can you explain the audiological report to your families? Evaluate other assessments of the infant’s hearing status. ( This case indicated no other tests beside ABR were performed.)Why would knowing immittance results be beneficial?When they could not complete the test the first time, why were they unable to get bone conduction testing the 2nd time?
29Audiological summary for each ear EXAMPLE 1 October 2005:Synchronous neural responses to click stimuli were consistent with a severe peripheral auditory impairment for the frequency range Hz for each ear.Synchronous neural responses to tone burst stimuli were consistent with a severe peripheral auditory impairment at 500 Hz for the left ear and a moderate peripheral auditory impairment for the right ear at 500 Hz and 4000 Hz.No responses were observed to click stimuli via unmasked bone conduction at equipment limits (45dBnHL).
30How can you explain the Audiological report to your families? How is the wording different from the 1st ABRs and the October ABR?“ABR results consistent with a moderate peripheral auditory impairment for the frequency range Hz bilaterally.”“ Synchronous neural responses to click stimuli were consistent with a severe peripheral auditory impairment for the frequency range Hz for each ear”Do the results mean different things?Was there a change in this child’s hearing status?No suggestion as to why the change in hearing status occurredWhy would a comment regarding change in hearing status be beneficial?
31How can you explain the audiological report to your families? Example 1 RecommendationsBe seen for Otologic evaluation due to identification of auditory impairment. (Was this not done earlier with the hearing loss that was identified?)Receive trial period with hearing aids pending otologic clearance.Initiate Program for Amplification application process.Be seen for behavioral audiological follow-up in 3-6 months.Receive aural habilitative services.Continue to receive Early childhood intervention services. (When was this child referred? Why was he referred?)
32HEAR History: Medical and Audiological What is significant with this child’s history?Evaluate tests performed:What battery of tests were discussed in all the evaluations?Audiological summary of test results for each ear.What did you learn here?Recommendations
33How to improve the understanding of the Audiological Report? Include the following sections in your report:History (Medical and Audiological)Audiological tests performed and the results of each test for each ear. (results should be attached to the report)Summary paragraph written in an easy to understand format that summarizes the test findings.Functional implications of hearing loss should be explainedIf results were inconclusive an explanation as to why results were inconclusive should be reported here.If hearing status changed, a statement should be provided.RecommendationsMedicalEducationalHabilitationFollow-up appointments with a timeline whenever possible.
34Interpret that phrase! History “includes premature birth, low APGAR scores (5 problems (dysplastic aortic valve), Chromosome 6-partial deletion, dysmorphic features, low set ears, treatment with ototoxic medication and bilateral auditory impairment.What would you expect to see in the recommendations?
35Interpret that phrase! Evaluating tests performed Tymps: WNL, Reflexes: DNTREM: CNTOAE: AbsentNR to unmasked clicksWhat tests were done, and what were the results?
36Interpret that phrase! Audiological Summary Ad: No response to click stimuli at 80 dBnHL observed. Results are c/w a severe to profound peripheral auditory impairment for the freq. 2-4 kHz.As: Responses to click stimuli are c/w a severe peripheral auditory impairment for the freq. 2-4kHz. No response observed to 500 Hz tone burst stimuli.What does THIS mean?
37Interpret that phrase! Recommendations Appropriate educational services.Aural rehabBe seen for otologic evaluation due to identification of auditory impairment.Regular audiological evaluations and monitoring.What does THIS mean?
38How do you interpret the Audiological Report? Boystown National Research hospital has an excellent glossary for parents and professionals to better interpret test results.
39Texas ConnectTopic Card 1. Tests Used to Assess Hearing Loss in Infants and Young ChildrenTopic Card 2. Types and Causes of Hearing Loss
40List of Acronyms Listen-Up http://www.listen-up.org/htm/acronyms.htm CDC:Early Hearing detection and Intervention ProgramVA-SOTAC Resource Guide ACRONYMS
41Resources on the Web American Speech Language and Hearing Association Joint Committee for Infant HearingTexas ConnectNational Center for Hearing Assessment and managementBoystown national Research Hospital “My Baby’s Hearing”