Presentation on theme: "Get Started with GIS Mapping Part 3 of 3 Madhu Lakshmanan."— Presentation transcript:
Get Started with GIS Mapping Part 3 of 3 Madhu Lakshmanan
Agenda Week 2 – Redux Earthplot AFF Mapper – using your own data Recap To-Do Resources
Mapping your case data - aggregate Useful to denote differences in numbers at an aggregate level such as zip code on top of other layers Need to have your data prepped as aggregates and geocoded beforehand. Earthplot is a simple tool that creates such graphs for GE. (GE-Graph is one other more complex tool.) AFF Mapper also requires your data to be aggregated but does not require geocoding. It creates the shaded graduated maps and not graphs
Earthplot Earthplot requires data such as: the column that has been aggregated upon (e.g. zipcode), the actual aggregated values (e.g. counts), its latitude and longitude (the latitude and longitude of an area is usually created using its centroid) and any other data you might want to show in the description. ZipCasesLatitudeLongitude
Earthplot In Earthplot, you will see 2 tabs, a Data tab and an Options Tab. Copy your Excel aggregate geocoded data and in Earthplot, in the Data tab, go to Edit->Paste and you will see your data appear in the same way that it appeared in Excel.
Earthplot Go to the Options tab and set various options. In this example, we use a Graduated sizes type of map with one variable. Set the columns to the correct items, i.e. longitude in column D, latitude in Column C etc. Make sure you have them right by looking at your data tab again. The variable column is the one in which the Count is stored.
Earthplot Select the shape to be circle for this example and Set the minimum and maximum sizes of your circle to be 0.05 and 0.3 to start with. You can keep tweaking these sizes and perhaps even the Ignore values box as you see your graph being created. Also set the color for your circles.
Earthplot Click on Plot to GE icon in the toolbar and you should see your circles appear on the map. Tweaking the sizes, colors, and perhaps setting a number in the ignore box will help create the graph you want.
Earthplot Once you have the graph you like, go to Earthplot and in the menu, choose Export to KML and give it a name and save. This way you will have a saved copy of your KML file.
AFF Mapper – for your data In the earlier training we saw how AFF Mapper can be used to map census data onto base shapes, but we can also use it to map our own data as long as it is put in a form that the program understands.
AFF Mapper – Data format Your data needs to be in aggregate form, in Excel, aggregated to the level that you want to categorize on. e.g. if you want to see county-wise color graduated map, then your data should be aggregated to the county level The columns that contain this level should be in both the base shapefile and your data file. e.g. your data file should contain the county code/name if that was your aggregation level. The top row of your file can be the column headings. In the second row, you can have descriptive headings for your data. It is very IMPORTANT to use a colon : in the 2nd row heading for those columns that are to be treated as NUMERIC, otherwise you will not be able to map those columns. E.g. you can call a column Case : Total
AFF Mapper – Example An Excel file with Michigan County-wise data aggregates is chosen. The 2 nd row headings are created making sure that the numeric data field/s have colons in the 2 nd row headings. CCodeCNameData countycodecountynameCases:data 26001ALCONA ALGER ALLEGAN ALPENA ANTRIM ARENAC BARAGA41 Note the colon : First Row Headings Second Row Headings
AFF Mapper – Example A Michigan County level shapefile from the Census TIGER/Line was downloaded to serve as the base layer for the data. Start AFF Mapper and use the county map of Michigan as the Input shape. Then, under Select Join FileType, select XLS file and in the Join File box, browse for your previously created Excel file with the county aggregated data.
AFF Mapper – Example Once that is loaded, set the Shape Join Field and the Table Join Field to be the same data, i.e. the level to which the data is aggregated, in this case County. The names of the columns might be different, but all that matters is that they contain the same type of data. In this example, we might set the Shape Join Field to CNTY|DFP and the Table Join Field (which is our data) to CCODE. Alternatively, we could also use Name and CNAME but a code is usually more efficient than a name because of spellings etc.
AFF Mapper – Example Hit Join tables and you should see the tables merge into one. Scroll to the right to see if your data is reflected in the table.
AFF Mapper – Example Choose the County Name to be the Label Field and hit Render. You will be able to choose a classification scheme – note that I have chosen Jenks Natural Breaks in this example. Then pick the variable to be mapped – data, select the number of classes and colors and click OK
AFF Mapper – Example Click on Output KML and enter a name for the output file. Then Click Go and wait for the Finished message. You can then open Google Earth and open this file and see the result.
AFF Mapper – Example
Quick Recap I want to Map Community Data Find ready-to-use KML data Convert from other data types Use AFF Mapper Map Case Data Directly as points on the globe/map Use a geocoder on the actual address data & create KML In aggregate form using colors/shapes Use Earthplot or AFF Mapper
To-Do 1. Assemble a set of tools for mapping 2. Begin a library of base files and data files for mapping on your computer/server 3. Find sources of data for your region – many local governmental entities and health related organizations are good sources. 4. Think about what sort of maps and visualizations work best for each purpose 5. Discuss maps and mapping practices with peers.
LSNTAP GIS Resources Lunch and Map open house same time next week. Bring homework, bring questions, answers, food… Roundtables: Aug 13, Oct 8 Next Training series – Sep 11,18,25 GIS mailing list resurrected – do sign up and participate https://lists.mayfirst.org/cgi- bin/mailman/listinfo/gishttps://lists.mayfirst.org/cgi- bin/mailman/listinfo/gis GIS Resources section on LSNTAP.org updated Set up a meeting with Madhu if you need support.