Presentation on theme: "Get Started with GIS Mapping Part 1of 3 Madhu Lakshmanan."— Presentation transcript:
Get Started with GIS Mapping Part 1of 3 Madhu Lakshmanan
Agenda for this section Introduction to GIS and some mapping jargon Brief exploration of Google Earth Thematic maps on GE The Census KML online application Homework!
What is GIS Mapping Wide spectrum of complexity Combination of hardware, software & data Can be one single large system or a suite of tools or one small tool depending on your requirement Data is key
Terms that we will come across Layer – A slice of the geography of a particular area. On a paper map, one layer could be the roads, another could be parks, another could be places of interest. Geocoding – Converting street addresses into spatial data that can be displayed on a map (usually a latitude and longitude pair) Shapefiles – A data format that stores a particular geographic feature of a certain area. (it is usually a set of files) and is almost the de-facto standard. It is an ESRI-created format. KML/KMZ – an XML based language schema for expressing geographic visualization. It is an official open standard for all geobrowsers. Projection – transformation of a map from a spherical object (Earth) to a flat sheet of paper.
Google Earth Transparency Control Navigation Controls 3D Viewer Search Panel Layers Panel Places Panel Toggle Sidebar
Exploring Google Earth Copy Image/ Print Scr View Menu Tools – Options Navigation Fly to Layers Adding your own placemarks to a folder and saving a KML file
Thematic Maps Map made to reflect a particular theme (social, physical, political etc.) about a geographical area. It shows distributions rather than actual locations where people live. Ideal to display census data on a map for general understanding
Example of a simple thematic map from the US Census Percent Population below poverty by county in North Carolina.
The KMZ Census Mapper http://ctasgis02.psur.utk.edu/tokml/Default.aspx
Downloaded KML visualized in Google Earth Percent Population Without Access to Private Auto in Whole State
Resources and Interesting Mapping Applications - 1 Census website http://census.gov American Factfinder http://factfinder.census.gov Google Earth User Guide http://earth.google.com/userguide/v5/ Rural Assistance Center Maps http://raconline/org/maps Show@/USA http://show.mappingworlds.com/usa
Homework 1. Use CensusKML application to create 3 thematic maps with census data for your state on Google Earth. You can send me the KML files via email with appropriate annotation. 2. Play with Google Earth to be familiar with its interface. 3. Get familiar with the American FactFinder website.