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2011 CEAL Conference Are We Communicating Effectively? Jinho PARK Senior Researcher The National Library of Korea March 30, 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "2011 CEAL Conference Are We Communicating Effectively? Jinho PARK Senior Researcher The National Library of Korea March 30, 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 2011 CEAL Conference Are We Communicating Effectively? Jinho PARK Senior Researcher The National Library of Korea March 30, 2011

2 Who am I? 1 Senior Researcher of The National Library of Korea (2007 ~ ) Korea Working Group Leader of CJKDLI (2010 ~ ) ISO TC 46/SC 9 Korea Secretary (2007 ~ ) DCMI System Manager (2009 ~ ) Member of Korea Web Science Workgroup (2009 ~ ) Areas of Research Interests –Digital Archiving (Preservation), Information Literacy, Web Science (Metadata, Linked data)

3 Development of CJKDLI 2 China-Japan-Korea Digital Library Initiative (CJKDLI) October, 2008: The National Diet Library, Japan –Discussion about metadata interoperability, digital archiving, standardization October, 2009: WLIC, Italia –Representatives from 3 countries (Directors & Vice-Directors) agreed about the necessity of the Asian Digital Library Project. June, 2010: The National Library of Korea –Contents of CJKDLI Agreement was finally agreed. August, 2010: WLIC, Sweden –CJKDLI Agreement was concluded and signed. May or June, 2011: The National Library of China –1 st CJKDLI Working Group Meeting will be held.

4 CJKDLI Agreement 3 ARTICLE 1 Objectives The objectives of the China-Japan-Korea Digital Library Initiative are to provide easy integrated access on the Internet to the cultural and scientific heritage of the three countries, to enable people to discover rich multilingual and culturally diverse contents and to contribute to the academic world. The China-Japan-Korea Digital Library Initiative (CJKDLI) is intended to enrich oriental culture, promote the cultural diversity of Asia and contribution to Asia and world civilization.

5 Now, CJKDLI is at the Startling Line! 4 ?

6 CJKDLI: The Key to Success 5 Make CJKDLI Contents User-Friendly: Easy to Look-up and Use Manage CJKDLI Resources User-Friendly: Put Ourselves in the Users Shoes Ultimately, Good Communication Skill/Means is Required for Effective and Efficient Communicating with the User and the Resources

7 Communication Medium 6 Metadata With everyday cataloging work, we may have forgotten the important fact that the metadata is also the data. For this purpose, MDR can be the fundamental solution to the problem by ensuring the interoperability between two systems or between information and information. –So far, we just have used one standardMARC--and then applied mapping or metadata crosswalk, but it was not the fundamental solution.

8 ISO Metadata Registry (MDR) -- (1) 7 ISO/IEC specifies the kind and quality of metadata necessary to describe data, and it specifies the management and administration of that metadata in a metadata registry (MDR). It applies to the formulation of data representations, concepts, meanings, and relationships between them to be shared among people and machines, independent of the organization that produces the data. It does not apply to the physical representation of data as bits and bytes at the machine level. In ISO/IEC 11179, metadata refers to descriptions of data. ISO/IEC does not contain a general treatment of metadata. ISO/IEC :2004 provides the means for understanding and associating the individual parts of ISO/IEC and is the foundation for a conceptual understanding of metadata and metadata registries.

9 ISO Metadata Registry (MDR) -- (2) 8 Part 1: Framework2004 Part 2: Classification2005 Part 3: Registry metamodel and basic attributes [ISO/IEC FCD ] 2003 Part 4: Formulation of data definitions2004 Part 5: Naming and identification principles2005 Part 6: Registration2005

10 ISO Metadata Registry (MDR) -- (3) 9 Overview Model for ISO/IEC Metadata Registry DATA ELEMENT CONCEPT CONCEPTUAL DOMAIN DATA ELEMENT VALUE DOMAIN (N:1) (1:N) Having Expressed by Expressing Specifying Representing Represented by Representing

11 ISO Metadata Registry (MDR) -- (4) 10 Data Element = Data Element Concept + Representation DATA ELEMENT CONCEPT DATA ELEMENT (Conceptual Level)(Representational Level) (1:N) Property Representation Property Object Class (Book, People, Car..) (Color, Size, Kind, Age..)

12 ISO Metadata Registry (MDR) -- (5) 11 Fundamental model for value domains VALUE DOMAIN (1:N) [Country] Algeria China Korea, Republic of Zimbabwe Value meaning [Country] [,, KOR, KR] DZA, DZ, 012 CHN, CN, 056 KOR, KR, 410 ZWE, ZW, 716 Permissible values DZA, DZ, 012 CHN, CN, 056 KOR, KR, 410 ZWE, ZW, 716 CONCEPTUAL DOMAIN VALUE MEANING PERMISSIBLE VALUES VALUE DOMAIN (1:N)(N:1)(1:1) ISO Alpha Code ISO Alpha Code ISO numeric Code CONCEPTUAL DOMAIN

13 Why MDR? 12 Back to the Basic Classification Concept: Intension (connotation), Extension (denotation) With the recent discussion about semantic Web and ontology, the importance of MDR has once again come to the fore.

14 Meaning Triangle 13

15 Cogito, ergo sum 14 Aristotle Cogito, ergo sum Rene Descartes and Augustine Different Context

16 Conclusion 15 CJKDLI should be a better project than another new digital library where the user can access to the digital heritage of the Asia on the Web. CJKDLI will make it possible for the users all over the world to see the Asian culture with the philosophy of Asians. If CJKDLI is able to show HOW Asians feel and express differently than Westerners when they see the same color or object, then I think it will be a real success.


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