Presentation on theme: "Munitions Support Structure Overview"— Presentation transcript:
1ANA Corps Support Battalion (CSB) and Combat Service Support (CSS) Training
2Munitions Support Structure Overview Ref. ANA Decree1-4.5
3Munitions Support Structure Overview Terminal Learning Objective 1:The student will understand the structure, organization, andresponsibilities of the ANA Staff and their responsibilities forproviding required ammunition and explosives to the Corps,Brigades, and Kandaks
4Ammunition Program Manager Enabling Learning Objective 1:Understand the roles and functions MoD AmmunitionProgram ManagerSingle manager responsible for ammunition acquisitionstrategy. This includes:Procurement – Obtaining (buying, etc.) the total amount of ammunition and explosives required for the ANA
5Ammunition Program Manager (con’t) Distribution – Insuring the division and delivery of ammunitionand explosives to the correct units.– Cross leveling of ammunition within the ANA tomeet operational requirements
6Ammunition Program Manager (con’t) Maintenance – Insures the necessary maintenance policy is defined and implemented within the ANA.Maintenance of munitions includes all actions necessary toensure stocks are and remain serviceable and unserviceablestocks are restored to a serviceable condition.Surveillance – Defines the policies and requirements forthe ammunition surveillance program
7Ammunition Program Manager (con’t) Surveillance is the observation, inspection, and classification of ammunition and components during movement, storage, and maintenance operations.Also covers inspection equipment, facilities, and operations.Surveillance activities are conducted by all military activitiesthat store, maintain, dispose of, or transport ammunition.
8Ammunition Program Manager (con’t) Budget – Establishing the costs necessary to purchaseand maintain the ammunition and explosives required for the ANA.The budget is an estimate of the cost to purchase and maintain stocks based on usage, training, contingencies, and war reserves requirements.The costs of requirements are estimated and this estimate ispresented to the MoD as the budget.
9Chief of Operations, G3 Enabling Learning Objective 2: Understand the function and roles of the of the Chief ofOperations, G3Develop, document, and manage a system to determineammunition requirements.Coordinates with the G-4 to develop the total ammunitionneeds for ANA
10Chief of Operations, G3The G-3 compares the total, unrestricted ammunition requirements and compares them against total ammunition assets available (on hand or expected) to develop the controlled supply rate (CSR).The G3 approves emergency requests and passes the requirement to the General Staff.
11Chief of Operations, G3 (con’t) The G-3 computes the required supply rate (RSR) and routing.The G4 may be called on to assist in the development processeven thought it is not a logistics function.
12Chief of Operations, G3 (con’t) The G-3 establishes the controlled supply rate (CSR) basedon the amount of munitions available for issue.The CSR is the rate of ammunition consumption that canbe supported by the MoD, considering availability, facilities,and transportation.
13Chief of Operations, G3 (con’t) The corps commander determines who receives theammunition and the CAO informs the G3 of the quantityavailable.Establishes the unit basic load for each type of weapon inthe ANA.
14Chief of Logistics, G4 Enabling Learning Objective 3: Understand the function and roles of the Chief of Logistics, G4Provide management oversight of ammunition control and useSupport G-3 in plan development and operations forammunition supportEstablish standards and procedures that account, protect,and conserves ammunition stocks.
15Chief of Logistics, G4 (con’t) Manages approved basic load issue, maintenance, and accountability.Supports and assists the G-3 in computing and routing RSR and the CSR. These are not normally logistics functions, but the G-3 may request assistance in the development process.
16Chief of Logistics, G4 (con’t) Coordinates priorities and allocation of ammunition with the logistics command for ammunition.Coordinate with the S3/S4s and Corps Ammunition Officers to ensure forecast quantities are not excessive and that the correct historical data were used when computing the next fiscal year requirements.
17Corp Commanders and Staff Enabling Learning Objective 4:Understand the function and roles of the separate CorpCommanders and StaffEstablish necessary standards and procedures to that accounts,protects, safeguards, and conserves ammunition stocks underhis command.
18Corp Commanders and Staff (con’t) Develop tactical commanders that will insure ammunition isused as intended, accounted for, and protected at all levelswithin the Corps AORThe corps commander determines who receives ammunitionthat is in short supplyThe corps commanders and above have the authority to order the emergency destruction of ammunition.
19Corp Commanders and Staff (con’t) Emergency destruction of ammunition prevents the ammunition from being captured by enemy forcesThe intent of emergency destruction is to render theammunition unserviceableWill implement policies and procedures for operational andtraining ammunition within his operational controlThe corps commander may authorize relaxation of storage compatibility requirements
20Ammo Distribution and Movement Ref. ANA Decree1-4.5
21Ammunition Distribution Terminal learning Objective 2:The student will understand the concept of support and theflow of ammunition and explosives within the ANAEnabling Learning Objective: 1 - 3Understand how the MoD will provide ammunition andexplosives to the field soldier.
22Ammunition Distribution (con’t) Concept of Support – Distribution is to:Fixed regional /corps ammunition depots for furtherdistribution to the user for unit consumption.Directly to assigned brigade logistics battalion transfer depot for operations and combat support. The battalion supply company then releases ammunition to the using unit.
23Ammunition Distribution (con’t) Depots: Normal, peacetime operation of ammunition and explosives distribution system requires unit basic loads and forward positioning of stocks to meet the initial war time requirements of units assigned in the area until routine resupply is established from the national level.
24Ammunition Distribution (con’t) Ammunition depots push munitions forward on the battlefield.The corps ammunition depot maintains stocks of ammunition forecasted for training support, as well as unit basic loads approved by the General Staff for unit consumption until normal distribution is available to sustain combat operations.
25Ammunition Distribution (con’t) The munitions distribution system includes all supply activities needed to provide munitions to the supported units.Munitions requirements from combat battalions and brigadesproceed through the materiel management channels of thecorps until they reach the national ammunition depot.
26Ammunition Distribution (con’t) The national ammunition depot, corps ammunition depots, and ammunition transfer depots constitute the ammunition distribution system.
27Ammunition Distribution (con’t) The ATD is a distribution point for ammunition for brigade units and a collection point for retrograde ammunition, captured enemy ammunition, excess ammunition, and packing and preservation materiel.
28Ammunition Distribution (con’t) Object of the munitions distribution system is to provide munitions at the right time, place, and quantity to ensure the success of an operation. Munitions planning and operations must be versatile.The objective is supporting as far forward as possible
29Ammunition Movement Terminal Learning Objective: Understand distribution and movement of ammunition within the ANAEnabling Learning Objectives:Understand the requirements for the Logistics commandUnderstand which locations are to receive the ammunition.Understand the requirements for coordination and informationpassing among all organizations involved.
30Ammunition Movement (con’t) Logistics Command transports and delivers ammunition and explosives to units not in the immediate vicinity of the logistics command national ammunition depotThe ammunition is pushed forwardThe Logistics Command is responsible for picking up, tiedown and securing, and convoy security to the drop point;either the CAD or the ATD
31Ammunition Movement (con’t) Issues of materiel are transported and delivered to either the corps ammunition depot (CAD) or the brigade logistics battalion ammunition transfer depot (ATD)The normal flow is to the CADThe CAD then distributes within the corps according tooperational needsDelivery made to the brigade normally is for emergenciesor in response to a rapid operational development
32Ammunition Movement (con’t) The corps and brigade ammunition officers will coordinate the decisions of the G-3/S-3 for allocation and priority of issue to supported unitsThe flow of ammunition to the appropriate units requires thecorps and brigade commanders to know and understand theintent and requirements of the G3This will insure the appropriate units receive their allocationsand enable them to complete their operational requirements
33Ammo Storage Facilities and Categories Ref. ANA Decree1-4.5
34ANA ammunition depots Terminal Learning Objective 3: The student will understand the types of ammunition depots,the threes levels of support, and their primary role inammunition support for the ANA.
35ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Enabling Learning Objective 1:Understand the composition and mission of the ANAammunition depotsAn efficient system of distribution of ammunition and explosives relies on the national ammunition depot.
36ANA ammunition depots (con’t) There are three types of ammunition storage facilities inthe ANA:The National Ammunition Depot (NAD), the CorpsAmmunition Depot (CAD), and the Ammunition TransferDepot (ATD)The NAD is the first recipient of ammunition received in country destined for the ANA.
37ANA ammunition depots (con’t) The National Ammunition Depot (NAD) is under the Command of MoD Logistics Command. It receives stores, issues and arranges delivery of ammunition and explosives as requested by using units and as directed by plans of the General Staff.
38ANA ammunition depots (con’t) National Depot:The national depot plans the mission of the ammunitionorganizationThey are: retrograde activities; ammunition inspection,processing, shipping, receiving, repackaging, and maintenance
39ANA ammunition depots (con’t) They collect and inspect captured enemy ammunitionThey also advise AMoD ATL, and GS CoL on MoD wide ammunition policy, and establishing ammunition supply and maintenance procedures consistent with the policies and directives of the MoD.
40ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Corps Ammunition Depot:The Corps has a fixed base ammunition depot that stores allocated ammunition to support war, operations, and contingencies and training requirements.
41ANA ammunition depots (con’t) The CAD provides ammunition to and receives ammunition from all of its brigades.The CAD receives from and turns in it in to the NAD.The CAD serves the role of a middle man
42ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Ammunition Transfer Depot:The ATD is the individual brigade’s ammunition supply point.It is highly mobile and is a distribution point for ammunition for the brigade units and a collection point for retrogradeammunition, captured enemy ammunition, excess ammunition, and packing and preservation materiel.The brigade ATD is managed by a section in the supply company of the logistics Kandak.
43ANA ammunition depots (con’t) The ATD is a mobile (not fixed) storage site and can changelocations with minimal notice. This supports the brigademission of a highly mobile unit. The ATD moves with theBrigade is not considered a storage depot because of itstemporary nature.
44ANA ammunition depots (con’t) The national ammunition depot, corps ammunition depots,and ammunition transfer depots constitute the ammunitiondistribution system.The ATD is the individual brigade’s ammunition supply point.
45ANA ammunition depots (con’t) The depots receive, store, issue and maintain ammunition stocks and ship munitions to the for issue to combat units.The mission of the depots is to:Maintain accountability and security of the assigned ammunition Stores.Maintain the ammunition in a serviceable, ready to deliver condition at all times
46ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Accept field returns of excess or captured ammunitionMaintain packing and preservation materials in order to repair and repack damaged shipping cratesReceipt for ammunition from both upper and lower unitsMaintain an accurate accounting system for ammunition under their controlPush ammunition forward
47ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Enabling Learning Objectives 2-4:Understand the description and structure of the NationalAmmunition Depot (NAD).Understand the description and structure of the CorpsAmmunition Depot (CAD).Understand the description and structure of the AmmunitionTransfer Depots (ATD).
48ANA ammunition depots (con’t) The mission of the NAD is to provide command and control over the national level stocks of ANA ammunition.The NAD is responsible for national level ammunition storageand distribution operations.All ammunition entering the country goes to the NAD fornational level receipt and accountability.
49ANA ammunition depots (con’t) The NAD enters the new ammunition into national the data base.Plans the push forward of ammunition to the CADs and the ATDsThe MoD Logistics Command manages NAD
50ANA ammunition depots (con’t) NAD operations are to receive, store, issue, account, transport, maintain, receive, retrograde, and destroy ammunition in support of the ANA requirements nation wide.The national ammunition depot is responsible for the ammunition surveillance program. NAD defines and develops the requirements for ammunition surveillance under guidance of the Logistics Command.
51ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Any extensive ammunition maintenance is performed at the NAD maintenance depot facilityUnder combat conditions the NAD can operate from forwardlocations outside of fixed facilities to provide support tothe corps. This is a contingency mission.
52ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Understand the description and structure of the CorpsAmmunition Depot (CAD).CAD manages corps ammunition supply operations – They provide operational support, receive, store, issue, account, maintain, and retrograde corps ammo assets in compliance with national and corps allocation and priorities.
53ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Provide periodic ammunition status to chain of command.CADs manage stockpiles and coordinate with their supporting depot organizations to ensure enough ammunition is on hand and serviceable to support ammunition operational and basic load requirementsEach corps has a fixed location ammunition and explosivesdepot, CAD.
54ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Primary responsibilities of the CAD are to:provide safe and secure storage for ammunition andexplosives stocks it has on handstore and account for unit basic loads and operationalstocks positioned forward of the NAD.
55ANA ammunition depots (con’t) They support normal operations for training of corps units,account for all ammunition and explosives received and issued, and support ATDs of the logistical Kandaks assigned to the corpsThe support includes shipments directly from the nationalammunition depot to brigade logistical battalion’sconducting field operations or combat
56ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Under combat conditions corps ammunition depot can operate from forward locations outside of fixed facilities to provide adequate support to the brigades.
57ANA ammunition depots (con’t) The corps ammunition depot (CAD) provides formal stock record accountability and request support for its own and the ATDs.The CAD maintains stocks of ammunition forecasted for training support, as well as unit basic loads approved by the General Staff for unit consumption until normal distribution is available to sustain combat operations.
58ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Operational stocks of ammunition are stored forward to meetimmediate needs of impending operations. This allows the unitsto establish the uninterrupted flow of ammunition.Unit (brigade) basic loads are issued to the associated unit but stored in the corps ammunition depot
59ANA ammunition depots (con’t) The CAD provides a fixed base linkage between the brigadelogistics KandaksCADs receive, store, issue, and maintain a one to three daysof supply for corps useStockage levels are based on tactical plans, availability ofammunition, and the threat to the resupply operation
60ANA ammunition depots (con’t) CADs are normally located to the rear of corps areaof operations.The CAD is the corps fixed base ammunition depot that stores allocated ammunition to support war, operations, and contingencies and training requirements.
61ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Understand the description and structure of the AmmunitionTransfer Depots (ATD).The ATD is a designated temporary site where ammunition is transferred from logistics command transportation to supported unit vehicles.
62ANA ammunition depots (con’t) The ATD is normally located in the brigade area and isoperated by the brigade logistics battalion supply companyEach brigade of the corps has a logistical battalion for support.In each logistical battalion is an ATD.The ATD operates from temporary field locations andextends the ammunition delivery system forward of the CAD.The CAD provides formal stock record accountability and requests support for the ATD.
63ANA Ammunition Depots (con’t) The ammunition transfer depot is not considered a storage depot because of its temporary nature.ATDs are the most mobile and responsive of the munitions supply depots.The NAD and CADs deliver ammunition to the ATD usinglogistics command transportation assets.
64ANA ammunition depots (con’t) Ammunition is kept loaded on trailers until ATD personnel issue and/or transload it to supported unit vehicles.Ammunition can be transferred immediately to usingunit tactical vehicles or it can be grounded in the ATD area.The mission of each ATD is to provide 100 percent of theammunition required by all units in the sector.
65Command and Support Relationships for AmmoRef. ANA Decree1-4.5
66Command and Support Relationships for Ammo Terminal Learning Objective:The student will understand the relationship among the variousammunition supporting organizations and the support each willprovide.
67Command and Support Relationships for Ammo Enabling Learning Objectives:Understand the responsibilities and functions of the CorpsAmmunition Officer in the G-4.Understand the Brigade S-3’s ammunition supporting role.Understand the Brigade S-4’s role in managing ammunitionfor the Brigade.Understand the roles and responsibilities of the ammunitionsection of the supply company and the management of the ATD.
68Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) Enabling Learning Objective 1:Understand the responsibilities and functions of the G-4 Corps Ammunition Officer (CAO).The CAO receives mission guidance and responds to the priorities established by the Ammunition PM and the MoD Logistics Ammunition Officer
69Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) CAO in the Corps G-4 section manages ammunition for the Corps and all subordinate units.The CAO is in charge of and directs the munitions supplysection.
70Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) The CAOs mission includes:Responsibility for ammunition supply and resupply for all unitsoperating in the corps area of operations.Representing the corps commander and G-4 on all ammunitionrelated matters.Maintaining liaison with the national ammunition depot andwith ammunition staff officers at the General Staff G-3 & G-4.
71Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) The Corps Ammunition Officer and G-4 actively manage ammunition basic load requirements and coordinate with the NAD
72Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) Enabling Learning Objectives 2-3:Understand the Brigade S-3’s ammunition supporting roleUnderstand the Brigade S-4’s role in managing ammunition for the Brigade.
73Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) Each supported unit requests ammunition by consolidating its on-hand quantities and sending its report to the brigade supply officer (S4), with information copies to the brigade commander and operations and training officer (S3)The support operations officer, with guidance from the brigade S3 and S4, informs the CAO about the brigade's CSR breakout and unit priority of munitions resupply
74Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) The brigade S3 and S4 ammunition responsibilities include:Determining consolidated brigade RSR and submitting it to the corps G3 and CAO.Allocating received CSR among subordinate units.
75Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) Determining the best location for the Brigade Support Area (BSA).Determining brigade ammunition requirements based on input from subordinate battalions and knowledge of upcoming tactical operations.Coordinating an issue schedule with the logistics battalion support operations office and ATD.
76Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) Providing a unit issue priority list to the CAO. Forwarding theconsolidated unit ammunition requirements to the CAO.Providing subordinate battalion S4s with their allocations of the brigade CSR.This information is also provided to the CAO representativeso battalion units do not exceed their authorizations whentransloading at the ATD.
77Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) Enabling Learning Objective 4:Understand the roles and responsibilities of the ammunitionsection of the supply company and the management of the ATD.The ammunition section of the logistics battalion supply company operates the brigade ATD in the BSA.It provides area support to other units in the Brigade.
78Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) Each ATD has a CAO representative assigned to control theflow of ammunition.The ammunition section inspects, inventories, and signs for the shipment when munitions arrive at the ATDThe ATD returns the signed MoD ANA Form 9 shippingdocument to the originating depot.
79Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) The CAO representative forwards a copy of the receiptdocument to the CAD.The brigade S4 coordinates with the logistics battalion support operations officer to establish an issue schedule.Supported units submit ammunition requests and on arrivalat the ATD they have been authenticated by the battalion S4.The CAO representative at the ATD validates the request and issues the unit its Ammunition.
80Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) The unit assumes accountability when the ammunition is issued and uses its own transportation assets to move the ammunition forward.The ATD also has the responsibility to receive ammunition turnins in from supported units. This will be unused operationaland captured ammunition.
81Command and Support Relationships for Ammo (con’t) Corps and brigade commanders allocate available resources to assist in securing ammunition; however, the CAD and ATD commanders remain responsible for the security of their operations.
82Supply Support for Ammunition at the ATDRef. ANA Decree1-4.5
83Supply Support for Ammunition Terminal Learning Objective:Understand the functions and roles of the AmmunitionTransfer Depot (ATD).
84Supply Support for Ammunition (con’t) Enabling learning Objectives 1-3:Understand the organization of the ATD within the Brigade Supply CompanyUnderstand the responsibilities of the ATDUnderstand how the ammunition is managed in the ATD
85Supply Support for Ammunition (con’t) The ATD is a designated temporary site in the brigade AOwhere munitions are transferred from logistics commandtransportation to supported unit vehicles.It is located in the brigade operational area, is operated bythe brigade logistics battalion supply company ammunitionsection, and is highly mobile.
86Supply Support for Ammunition (con’t) It is the distribution point for ammunition for brigade units and a collection point for retrograde ammunition captured enemy ammunition, excess ammunition, and packing and preservation material.The ATD operates from field locations and extends theammunition system forward of the CAD.
87Supply Support for Ammunition (con’t) The corps ammunition depot (CAD) provides formal stockrecord accountability and request support for the ATD.The mission of each ATD is to provide 100 percent of theammunition required by all supported units in its sector.ATD’s are located in each brigade support area (BSA).
88Supply Support for Ammunition (con’t) Terminal learning Objective:Understand the flow of munitions through the ATDEnabling Learning Objectives:Understand how munitions are delivered to the ATDUnderstand the operations of the ATDUnderstand the reporting requirements of the ATDUnderstand the role of the Corps Ammunition Officer representative in the ATD
89Supply Support for Ammunition (con’t) Ammunition is kept loaded on vehicles/trailers until ATDpersonnel transload it to supported unit vehicles when possible.The ammunition can be transferred immediately to using unit tactical vehicles or grounded in place, if necessary.Munitions are transported to the ATD storage location by the logistics command.
90Supply Support for Ammunition (con’t) Several factors determine the quantity of munitions movedforward to the ATDThese factors are:Quantity of munitions on handCurrent and projected consumptionAvailable transportationAvailable personnel and equipment
91Supply Support for Ammunition (con’t) The preferred method of munitions resupply is to deliver asfar forward as possible.The CAO determines the munitions status of the brigade ATDs in the corps.The ammunition section of the logistics battalion supply company operates the brigade ATD in the BSA.
92Supply Support for Ammunition (con’t) The CAO representative at the ATD validates all ammunitionrequests.The receiving unit assumes accountability when issued and uses its transportation assets to move the ammunition forward.Logistics Battalion ATD controls the transfer of ammunition from logistical transport to unit transport or the temporary storage site.
93Establishment of an Ammunition Transfer DepotRef. ANA Decree1-4.5
94Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) Terminal learning Objective:Understand the set up and operation of a Kandak AmmunitionTransfer Depot (ATD)
95Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Enabling Learning Objectives:Selecting the appropriate location to establish the ATDEstablishing the ATD area perimeterEstablishing the working areas of the ATDPreparing the ATD to receive incoming shipmentsEstablishing the receiving/inspection areaEstablishing the transload area
96Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Enabling Learning Objectives (con’t):Establishing the storage areaEstablishing the shipping areaMHE park areaDefining requirements for temporary storageEstablishing the accounting section area
97Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) The ATD:There are three types of storage areas which may be usedfor an ATD field storage.1. Area storage2. Roadside storage3. Combination area/roadside storage
98Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Selection:Based on the operational needs of the Battalion and theBrigade.Should be physically located an area close to but not adjacent or in the battalion operational area.
99Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) A primary and an alternate site should be selected. Alternate sites provide relocation options in case the primary site is unavailable for operational reasons, or there is a need for evacuating the primary site.
100Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Primary site selection considerations are for:Security – Of the immediate area and the surrounding areasTime – To construct and occupyHostile Activity - in the areaVehicle movement through the ATD – Managing theflow of traffic through the ATD
101Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Available working spaceConcealment – Of the mission and stocksEase of operational use – How easy or difficult is it tooperate the ATD
102Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) The selection process should consider all of the above with the appropriate operational weight placed on each factor – It will be a mix of the factors of varying weight
103Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) The Site:The outer perimeter of the ATD should be clearly defined and visible to all operators.It should be identified by concertina wire, engineer tape,or other devices.
104Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Guard posts must be identified.The personnel and vehicle entry control points must beestablished.Once the perimeter is established, the individual workingareas must be established.
105Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) The working areas of the ATD are:the records sectionthe receiving/inspection areathe transload areaconvoy assembly areathe maintenance/repair areaequipment storage areasegregation areasalvage areafirefighting equipment pointsstorage areas.
106Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) The storage areas will consist of loaded trailers and/or ground storage pits.The commander has the authority to waive restrictionsdepending on the local situation and conditions.
107Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) The ATD is a temporary storage location, however as muchas operationally possible the safety requirements for storagemust be complied with at all times.The process flow for delivery and issue of ammunition throughthe ATD, once established, should be written(SOP, Op Ord, etc.) and made available to the ATDoperators and the Battalion staff.
108Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) For field storage munitions are segregated into primarystorage categories. The categories have similar explosivecharacteristicsCategories are based on the need to store complete roundscomponents in adjacent stacks and for the associated hazards of explosive propagation, fragment range, and fire.
109Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) The field storage categories simplify field storage compatibilityrequirements while maintaining an appreciable safety level.The categories are:Category A. Fixed and semifixed artillery munitions,except incendiary and chemicalCategory B. Propelling charges, fuses, primers,flash reducers and separate loading artillery projectilesexcept incendiary and chemical projectiles
110Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Category C. Mortar ammunition and hand grenades,except incendiary and chemical.Category D. All pyrotechnics and chemical ammunition,including chemical filled rockets; gas, smoke, and incendiarybombs; gas and smoke artillery ammunition; incendiary andchemical grenades; smoke pots; bulk-packed incendiaryand small arms tracer cartridges.
111Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Category E. Demolition explosives, antitank andantipersonnel mines, and components (i.e., blasting caps,firing devices, detonating cord, and safety fuse).Category F. Rockets, rocket motors, and rifle grenades.Storage of ammunition should comply with the field storagecategories. Variations can be made for operational necessityonly with the approval of the unit Commander.
112Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Ammunition loaded/stored on vehicles and trailers or stored on the ground must be done with the proper categories considered.This means like categories must stored together on trailersand in stacks on the ground.
113Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) There should be 20 meters separation between stacks onthe ground.The trucks/trailers should be separated be a distance,if possible.Drainage channels should provide for water run off aroundthe stacks .
114Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Earthen walls should be constructed around the stack to prevent explosive propagation to the next stack in case of hostile attack, fire, or accident that ignites a stack.When possible, quantities of each type of ammunition should be stored in two or three widely separated sectionsThe ammunition stored in trucks/trailers should remain loaded,tied down, and ready for immediate movement whilein the ATD.
115Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) If a vehicle load must be broken down, it should be doneaccording to need and then immediately tied down forrapid movement.Ground stacks should be placed on pallets or dunnage toprevent sitting on bare ground.
116Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise:Terminal learning Objective:Establish and operate a Kandak ATD in a field environment
117Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise (con’t):Enabling Learning Objectives:1. Define the requirements for an ATD2. Determine location based on requirements3. Lay out the design of the ATD4. Prepare site5. Set up security
118Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise (con’t):Enabling Learning Objectives (con’t):6. Establish entry control7. Move and place the ammunition8. Establish records area9. Establish emergency procedures10. Begin operation of the ATD
119Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)The ATD:There are there are three types of temporary storage for theATD which may be used. They are:1. Area storage.2. Roadside storage.3. Combination area/roadside storage.
120Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)The ATD OIC must decide which type best accomplishes themission need.For this exercise we will establish the combination area androad side.
121Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)The OIC will give his team member all of the requirements for the operation of the ATD. This will include:The amount and type of ammunition to be heldThe expected delivery schedule times and types of ammunition they will process
122Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)The expected time they will occupy the areaAny known and upcoming missionsKnown and expected threats in the area of operation.Expected weather conditions and changes
123Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)Based with this information the team will:Recon the surrounding areaDetermine the best location available within the area constraintsLay out the ATD on paper
124Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)Determine the staging area for the roadside vehiclesDetermine the layout of the grounded ammunition andwhere it will be stagedDetermine location of the entry control pointDetermine the location of the records sectionDetermine the location of the firefighting points
125Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)Determine guard postsDetermine configuration of the ammunition storage interms of field storage categoriesObtain the approval of the ATD OIC
126Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)The ATD OIC will discuss the ATD layout with the Supply Officer and the Kandak Commander and obtain approval and/or make any necessary changes.
127Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)The ATD OIC will provide the information to his team andbegin the set up of the ATDThe figure on the next slide provides the set up of a typicalATD in the Kandak support area.It is not intended to be a stand alone mission and must receiveexternal support as needed.
128Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)The general flow of set up work will be to:Identify the ground and areaIdentify the ground and areaLay the perimeter identifier (concertina wire, engineertape, etc.)
130Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)The general flow of set up work will be to (con’t):Establish the ECP and guard posts and ordersPrepare the roadside area for vehicle parkingPrepare the ground for ammunition pitsBuild the earthworks for the pits
131Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)The general flow of set up work will be to: (con’t)Establish the MHE holding areaEstablish the admin areaEstablish the FFPsEstablish ECP and EC procedures and a guard schedule.Move and place the ATD ammunition stocks
132Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)Prior to ATD operation the team must:Establish the local ammunition inventorying, accounting and, documenting proceduresEstablishing the proper storage configuration for thestocks using the proper field storage categoriesEstablishing the process for reporting to the CAOEstablish convoy processing for the ATD
133Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)Establish the issue / turn in processEstablishing a load vehicle inspectionEstablishing the plans for ATD movement to anotheroperational areaEstablishing plans for the rapid evacuation of the ATD
134Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)Establish a plan for the emergency destruction of the ATD stocks and insuring the required demo material is on handEstablish a fire fighting plan
135Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)Establish a maintenance / housekeeping process andscheduleEstablish procedures for the operation of the salvage pointDocument the above in an SOP or similar document
136Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)The routine operation of the ATD must include:Update briefings on the status and mission for the ATDUpdate the admin records on any changes in theammunition inventoryGuard mount and relief processesPerforming maintenance and housekeeping
137Establishing an Ammunition Transfer Depot (ATD) (con’t) Practical Exercise: (con’t)Periodic inspections of the ammunition stocks for proper storage and for packaging deteriorationConducting inventories of the ammunition stocksExercising the evacuation proceduresExercising the emergency destruction procedures
139Forecasting and Budgeting The Ammunition Program Manager is the only agency authorized to commit the Ministry of Defense to allocate funds for ammunition procurement and acquisitionForecasting:Forecasting is the consolidation of projected requirementsfrom each of the tactical unitsAnnually the General Staff will provide the APM a forecastof needs for the following yearThese needs are categorized into training, war reserve,operational, and contingency requirements.Timing of requirements determination and validation must belinked to anticipated budget preparation and integrationdata calls.
140Forecasting and Budgeting Requirements:Training, Operational, and War Reserve Ammunition requirements will be as determined by the GS G-3 in support of plans and unit proficiency levels
141Forecasting and Budgeting Training requirements are defined as the ammunition needed to sustain proficiency and combat skills necessary to employ assigned weapons and systems.Training Requirements:Individual training is to either learn a new skill or enhancean existing one.Collective training integrates individuals into cohesive teamsTraining requirements must be planned and included inthe forecast
142Forecasting and Budgeting Requirements are determined by examining the required training scheduled for the coming year and calculating the amount and type of ammunition needed.Training requirements are generated at the kandak level.Each higher level up to the General Staff reviews andconsolidates the requirements
143Forecasting and Budgeting Included at the GS level are the requirements of the schools which are consolidated at the Kabul Military Training Center (KMTC).The General Staff consolidates and validates individual and collective forecasts and then forwards phased requirements by type of ammunition and formation to the APM for integration, planning, programming, and budgeting.
144Forecasting and Budgeting Operational Requirements:Ammunition which will be consumed by members of tacticalformations in the course of executing their assigned missions- battle.Forecasted amount and type of ammunition can be calculated based on historical usage rates for previously conducted operations of a similar nature and adjusted for any differences.That forecast is generated by each Corps and approved by the General Staff Chief of Operations.
145Forecasting and Budgeting Contingency:Contingency ammunition is that ammunition needed to coverpotential situations that may occur during the coming year.It is based upon the calculation of the amount and type of ammunition needed to successfully overcome the most probable threat, the likelihood of that threat occurring, and the consequences of not having sufficient ammunition.The determination of the amount and type of ammunition needed for contingency stocks is made by the General Staff Chief of Operations and approved by MoD S & P.
146Forecasting and Budgeting War Reserve:Ammunition calculated to support developed war andsupporting campaign plans.Forecast is a combined effort lead by the AMoD S & P supported by the AMoD, ATL, APM, General Staff Chief of Operations and Chief of Logistics.
147Forecasting and Budgeting These forecasts are calculations of amounts and types of ammunition required to reduce the impact of accelerated consumptionThe intent is to define the amount of ammunition to maintain in inventory that prevents depleting inventory stores before manufacturing deliveries can match demand
148Forecasting and Budgeting It reduces the risk of disruption of ammunition deliveries and the results must be part of an annual program decision brief for the Defense Council (DC).
149Forecasting and Budgeting Terminal Learning Objective:Understand the budgeting process, cost, source, and contractexecution for ANA ammunition.Enabling Learning Objectives:Understand requirement development and the budgetprocess for procurement.Understand how the contract process for ammunition isexecuted and managed.Understand from where ammunition is obtained.
150Forecasting and Budgeting Budgeting consists of those steps necessary to convert therequirements for ammunition into the cost to procure.Requirements are consolidated and compared to the totalstocks of serviceable ammunition on hand.The difference between the two is the net requirementconsidered in the budgeting process.
151Forecasting and Budgeting Procurement lead time to obtain the ammunition must beconsidered.The net requirement represents that ammunition whichneeds to be procuredThe adjusted net requirement is the total ammunition requiredto ensure ammunition on hand is not unacceptably reducedbefore replacement stocks arrive
152Forecasting and Budgeting Source of Ammunition:The first priority is to identify any ammunition that can berenovated to a serviceable condition.The next step is to determine the best source of supply.AMoD ATL coordinating with AMoD S & P provides guidancein selecting a source(s) of supply that match and supportoverall strategy of reliability, quality, and delivery.
153Forecasting and Budgeting Cost Determination: Combining all requirements and using the least expensivesource available for each type of ammunition providesthe total acquisition cost.APM determines the estimated cost of acquisition andprovides it to the AMoD
154Forecasting and Budgeting ATL, and the General Staff for the cost of the ammunitionforecastedWith this information, the General Staff will include the costassociated with a desired capability (e.g. training, operationalor contingency) in the annual budget submission
155Forecasting and Budgeting Contract Execution:The Acquisition Agency Contracting Activity is the soleresponsible agent of MoD to establish contracts obligatingthe Government of Afghanistan to purchase goods and services.The Acquisition Agency monitors the execution of thecontract to ensure that it is executed in MoD for ammunitionprocurements.
156Forecasting and Budgeting Contract Execution: The Acquisition Agency will not enter into contracts forammunition materiel without the written request of theAPM and his certification of availability of funds for obligation.
157Inventory Management and AccountingRef. ANA Decree1-4.5
158Inventory Management and Accounting Terminal Learning Objective:Understand then ammunition management principles within theANAEnabling Learning ObjectivesThe student will define ammunition inventory managementprinciples of type, quantity, and location.Understand the requirement for ammunition type managementUnderstand the requirement to maintain records of all of the onhand quantities, locations, and conditions.
159Inventory Management and Accounting Inventory management is the process of insuring serviceableammunition of the correct type and quantity is at the rightlocation at the right time.Training and operational ammunition needs careful, constantmanagement as continual usage requires routine replenishment
160Inventory Management and Accounting Every effort should be made to use the oldest ammunitionfirst in order to use it before it exceeds its useful lifeFirst In – First OutThis may mean that some ammunition that is positioned tosupport contingency missions will be issued for training andthen replenished with new stocks
161Inventory Management and Accounting Inventory management requires careful planning and analysis to ensure the quantity and types of ammunition needed and forecasted are available at the necessary locations and proper times.This applies to all levels of ammunition support from theNADs to the ATDsEach depot maintains control of its stocks using Decree 4.0 process and procedures for accountability.
162Data ManagementAn accurate record of the quantity and types of ammunition on hand in each ANA location is necessary to determine what ammunition needs to be repositioned to support requirements.Effective record keeping is essential to the maintenanceof the ammunition stockpile
163Data Management Ammunition is tracked by identification and lot number The lot number (manufacturer’s production control identification number) identifies production batches of ammunitionThis allows the APM to identify ammunition that is restricted or suspended from use based on stockpile and surveillance testing
164Ammunition Accountability Terminal Learning Objective:Understand the needs, requirements and process for accountingof all ammunition and explosives maintained for use by the ANAEnabling Learning Objectives:Understand the established processes for accounting forammunition and explosivesUnderstand the flow of accountability from the national levelto the ultimate user levelUnderstand the need for proper resolution of discrepanciesin the records
165Ammunition Accountability (con’t) Stock record accountability is maintained by the ANA fromdelivery by the manufacturer until the ammunition is expendedor consumedThe national and corps ammunition depots establish andmaintain stock record accountability of ammunition in theircontrol
166Ammunition Accountability (con’t) The national and corps ammunition depots establish stockrecord accountability using Stock Record Procedures ofDecree 4.All issues to supported units for training ammunition will beauthenticated by the commander of the next higher level andexpenditures reconciled with the depots within 2 days of use
167Ammunition Accountability (con’t) The Brigade Logistic Battalion’s Ammunition Transfer Depotwill record transfers of issue on ANA Form 9 and providedocumentation to the supporting CAD for posting to the StockRecord Account.Minor discrepancies that cannot be resolved by the StockRecord Officer will be addressed and resolved by thecommander two levels above the requestor
168Ammunition Accountability (con’t) Major discrepancies and any discrepancies in sensitiveammunition and explosives will be addressed and resolvedby a board of officers appointed by the Corps CommanderLapses in control and accountability may result in severepunitive sanctions.Loss of ammunition and explosives is not acceptable
169Ammunition Accountability (con’t) The most commonly used stock accounting forms forammunition are:MoD ANA Form 2 – Ammunition Stock Record CardMoD ANA Form 3 – Register of Supply ActionsUsed by both support and supported units.
170Ammunition Accountability (con’t) Forms (con’t)MoD ANA Form 4 – Form Controlling RegisterANA Form 9 – Issue and Turn-In OrderUsed to release ammunition and materiel from depot stockage, transfer accountability from the support depot to the recipient, initiate shipping/transportation documents preparation
171Ammunition Accountability (con’t) Forms (con’t)ANA Form 14 – Request or Turn In DocumentANA Form 14 is also used for Class V (Ammunition) suppliesANA Form 3151–R – Ammunition Stores SlipUsed to issue, ship, received, turn-in, or relocate ammunition
172Ammunition Accountability (con’t) Forms (con’t)ANA Form 3020–R - Magazine Data CardRecords receipt, storage, issue, andinventory of munitions within a storage structure