3What are some specific terms used to describe sheep and goat production? Doefemale goat or sheepBuckmale goat at any ageKidgoat of either sex under 1 year of ageYearlinggoat of either sex over one year, but under 2 years of ageWethermale goat or sheep that has been castrated when youngRammale sheep used for breeding purposes
5What are some specific terms used to describe sheep and goat production? Ewea female sheepKiddingprocess of a goat giving birthLambingprocess of a sheep giving birthLambsheep under one year oldmeat from a young sheepMuttonmeat from a sheep that is over one year of ageChammyleather made from sheep and goatsWoola sheep’s coat that is used as a fiber for products such as clothing
7What are some comparisons between sheep and goats?
8Sheep & Goat Similarities MammalsRuminant digestive systemsHave divided hoofsRaised for food and clothingImportant to economy
9What are some comparisons between sheep and goats? very efficient converters of feed to meatprefer broadleaf plants & grassesweigh between 45 to 102 kilograms at maturitylive from 7 to 13 yearsGoatslow importance to economyprefer to eat twigs & leavesweigh between 9 and 68 kilogramslive 8 – 10 yearsproduce 60% of mohair
12What are common breeds of sheep and goats? over 200 breeds of sheepover 300 breeds of goatsbreed selection is based on personal needs and goalsanimals should come from reputable producers and be free of diseases
13Suffolk most popular sheep breed in world medium wool breed originated in Englandlarge bodiedhead, legs, ears are blackpolled3.6 – 4.5 kgs. fleece150% lamb crop
14Dorset Originated in England medium-wool breed polled or horned completely whitemedium sized body3 – 3.6 kgs. fleeceEwes breed out of season for fall lambsmuscular carcassesgood milk producers
15Karakul dominant black gene a desert animal stores fat in its tail for nourishment in lean timesvery hardy and adaptable pelt is a lustrous coat of intricately patterned curls
16Turki largest breed of fat-rumped sheep has two distinct camel humps of fat on their behindshigh growth rate and are a good producer of muttonnot a good wool producer
17Angora Originated in Turkey well adapted to areas not fit for others almost totally white at maturityproduce 3 kgs. mohairhornedlong droopy earsbuck weigh 57 – 78 kgs.does weigh 36 – 41 kgs.
18Dairy Goats produce 2.3 kgs. of milk daily LaManchaproduce 2.3 kgs. of milk dailymore minerals than cow’s milkeasier to digestDairy breedsFrench AlpineLaManchaNubianSaanenToggenburgSaanen
19Meat Goats Known as Spanish goats produce both milk and meat sometimes called brush goatslargest meat goat population in Texas
20Cashmere Goats Developed by selective breeding Cashmere soft undercoat of fine down produced by goatslarge demand for cashmereSolid colored goats are preferred in cashmere production
21Pygmy Originally exported from Africa only 40 to 58 centimeters tall at withershornedany color or combinationresearch, pets,
23How do you produce sheep and goats? Purebred Flocksells rams and ewes of an ideal typehigh management requirementsknowledge of geneticsFarm Flockcan have 1 to 1,000 animalspurpose are to produce market lambs and wool
24How do you produce sheep and goats? Range band methodlarge bands of sheep between 1,000 and 1,500 being managed over a large area by a herderhigh vegetation area animals are used for meatlow vegetation animals are used for woolConfinement MethodConfinementraising animals completely indoorsless landfewer parasite problemsability to monitor animalsincreased building costhigher feed costsintense management
25How do you produce sheep and goats? Lamb feeding productioninvolves weaning lambs and selling them to feedlots where the lambs are fed out to slaughter weight
26Review What are some comparisons between sheep and goats? What are some specific terms used to describe sheep and goat production?What are some comparisons between sheep and goats?What are common breeds of sheep and goats?How do you produce sheep and goats?