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Medicare Advantage: Background and Current Status by Marsha Gold, Sc.D. Senior Fellow Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. May 4, 2008 Presented at Alliance.

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Presentation on theme: "Medicare Advantage: Background and Current Status by Marsha Gold, Sc.D. Senior Fellow Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. May 4, 2008 Presented at Alliance."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medicare Advantage: Background and Current Status by Marsha Gold, Sc.D. Senior Fellow Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. May 4, 2008 Presented at Alliance for Health Reform Briefing

2 TEFRA of 1982 (effective 1985): Medicare Risk Contracting (HMO) Program BBA of 1997: Medicare+Choice (additional local coordinated care choices, PFFS, rate floors and other changes); subsequent refinements (BIPA and others) MMA of 2003: immediate payment changes (increases) , SNPs MMA of 2003 (effective 2006): Part D, regional PPOs, MSAs, payment benchmarks Origins of Medicare Advantage 1

3 Medicare Private Plan Enrollment by Contract Type, 1999–2009 Source: CMS Monthly Summary Report, December various years; March for Note: Other include 1876 cost plans, 1833 cost plans (HCPPS), PACE and demonstrations. 2

4 Percentage of Beneficiaries with MA Choice in Urban and Rural Areas, Source: MPR analysis of publicly available CMS data. 3 Urban CountiesRural Counties

5 Percentage of Beneficiaries by Number of Firms Competing for MA Business, 2009 Percent of Beneficiaries Locally Competing Firms Any Contract Type MA Contracts OnlyCCPs Only Local CCPs Only Local CCPs Only (excluding SNPs) a Under 5 1% 45% 51% 58% a Source: MPR analysis of CMS data from the Contract-County file for March Excludes sponsors offering group-only products. CCP = HMO and PPO a Includes 12 percent with no choice, 12 percent with 1 sponsor choice, 11 percent with 2 choices, and 24 percent with 3-4 choices. 4

6 Distribution of Total MA Enrollment by Firm or Affiliate, 2009 Source: MPR analysis of CMSs Contract-County file for March a WellPoint has a 4 percent market share including BC-BS affiliates. (BC-BS has 14.3 percent without WellPoint.) a 5

7 MA-PD Premiums by Plan Type (Weighted by Enrollment), 2009 Plan TypeMean Premium Percentage with Zero Premium All MA-PD $5150% HMOs $4261% Local PPOs $9121% PFFS Plans $6426% Regional PPOs $4837% Source: MPR analysis of CMSs Medicare Options Compare, CMSs March 2009 enrollment data. Note: Statistics exclude group and SNP plans. 6

8 Estimated Annual Out-of-Pocket Costs for Hospital and Physicians Services Differ by Plan Type and Enrollee Health Status, 2009 All a Healthy Episodic Needs Chronic Needs All MA$441$149 $838$1,936 HMOs$319 $72 $649$1,603 Local PPOs b $629$326$1,146$1,961 PFFS$616$241$1,065$2,678 Regional PPOs b $978$456$1,885$3,244 Source: MPR analysis of CMSs Medicare Options Compare data. Uses assumptions of hospital and physician use based on HealthMetrix Note: Statistics are enrollment-weighted (March 2009) and exclude group and SNP plans. a Assumes a mix of 72 percent healthy, 19 percent with episodic needs, and 9 percent with chronic needs, which is equal to the distribution of community-residing beneficiaries in good, fair, and poor health. b Assumes enrollees use of in-network benefits. Includes provider-sponsored plans. 7

9 Distribution of Beneficiaries by Number of Individual MA Plans Available, 2009 Source: MPR analysis of CMS data. Note: Excludes SNP and group plans. 8

10 MA enrollment now almost a quarter of beneficiaries and adds to Medicare costs PFFS disporportionately accounts for growth (and availability in rural areas) Many firms compete but most enrollment concentrated in a few Premiums are attractive but financial risk remains Beneficiaries asked to distinguish numerous and diverse plans. Where We Are Now 9


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