Presentation on theme: "Epsilon Aurigae and Teaching Spectroscopy Sally Seebode Teacher San Mateo High School Graphic from Stencil, R., Sky & telescope, July 2009."— Presentation transcript:
Epsilon Aurigae and Teaching Spectroscopy Sally Seebode Teacher San Mateo High School Graphic from Stencil, R., Sky & telescope, July 2009
Epsilon Aurigae System A binary system consisting of an F0I super giant star being orbited by some sort of thin, dark disk. The disk varies in opacity and has a central hole believed to be occupied by a pair of B stars. Spectroscopic measurements can be used to understand the nature and composition of the disk.
Teaching Spectroscopy Concepts White light is composed of many different wavelengths. When light passes through a medium, some light is removed. Knowing what light is removed, tells us about the substance(s) the light passed through. Connect rainbow type spectra to 2 D graphical representation. (also distinguish between absorption and emission lines)
Teaching Spectroscopy White light is composed of many different wavelengths Demonstration: make a rainbow Equipment: Overhead projector, 2 sheets of paper to make a slit, a diffraction grating (Edmund Scientific 2 12 x 6 sheets $8.95 or 15 gratings $7.95) With sheets of paper, make a thin slit on overhead. Place diffraction grating over projector lens. Show students that white light splits into rainbow of colors. Discuss colors and order/energy if appropriate. Students record colors as they see them and label them appropriately.
Teaching Spectroscopy When light passes through a medium, some light is removed Demonstration: spectroscopy with filters Equipment: Overhead projector, 2 sheets of paper to make a slit, diffraction grating, Arbor Scientific Color Filter Set (6 pack) ($12) Place filters over half of slit on overhead so diffraction grating is splitting white light and filtered light. Students record colors from filtered light as they see them. They make statements next to each spectrum stating filter used and color(s) missing (absorbed).
Teaching Spectroscopy Knowing what light is removed, tells us about the substance the light passed through. Spectrum of Sun Describe what you see? What did the sunlight pass through to create these black lines (absorption lines)? Photo from the Canadian Space Agency
Teaching Spectroscopy Connect rainbow type spectra to 2 D graphical representation. Epsilon Aurigae April 19, 2009 H gamma 4340 Å H delta 4101 Å Calcium II H 3970 Å Calcium II K 3930 Å
Teaching Spectroscopy Connect rainbow type spectra to 2 D graphical representation. Our team at the College of San Mateo (CSM) is creating an archive of gray scale rainbow like images of spectra matched with 2-D graphs. Our hope is to represent all spectral types and luminosity classes as well as variables and other interesting stars. Catalog website: http://collegeofsanmateo.edu/astronomy/image s/SpectraCatalog.pdf
If pre-eclipse spectrum looks like this: What will partial and total eclipse look like?
Will we see spectral differences? We hope so. Spectra of eclipsing AS 325 showed enlightening spectra. B star eclipsed by a variable star. Variable atmosphere like unknown disk of Eps Aur
Sample Spectral Changes from AS 325 Notice weakening B star emission lines and new Ca II absorption lines around 4000 Howell, Johnson and Adamson, PASP, January 2009 Spectrum from outside eclipse Spectrum from eclipse ingress weakening new
One place to find weekly spectra CSM is taking spectra of epsilon aurigae weekly (when visible) and posting them on its website. You can track the eclipse and see if there are changes in the spectra. Website: http://collegeofsanmateo.edu/astronomy/ observatory.asp
This lesson fits into your curriculum Chemistry: atomic structure Physics: light Astronomy: components of stars, classification of stars (OBAFGKM), evolution of stars, etc. 8 th grade physical science