Evangelizing Hispanics ßI. Preparation Needed ßA. Awareness of Receptivity ßB. Change of Attitude ßC. Understanding of Roman Catholic Doctrines Regarding Salvation ßD. Understanding of Decision Making Process
Evangelizing Hispanics ßI. Preparation Needed ßA. Awareness of Receptivity
Hispanics and Denominations Percent Catholic | Protes/Evang | Other Christian | Other Faiths | Secular
Evangelizing Hispanics ß 43% of Hispanic Evangelicals converted from Catholicism. ßBy and overwhelming majority (82%) Hispanic converts cite the desire for a more direct, personal experience with God as the main reason for adopting a new faith (p.5) ßSource: Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion. Pew Center for Hispanic Studies, 2007
Evangelizing Hispanics ßB. Change of Attitude ßOnly 22% of Catholics have an unfavorable attitude toward Evangelicals ßBut 36% Evangelicals have an unfavorable attitude toward Catholics ßDo we need to change our attitude? We are not talking about accepting their doctrines but about loving them and leading them to Christ
Catholic Hispanics Views of Evangelical Christians Percent Favorable | Unfavorable | No Opinion
Evangelical Hispanics Views of Roman Catholics Percent Favorable | Unfavorable | No Opinion
Evangelizing Hispanics ßC. Understanding of Roman Catholic Doctrines of Salvation
Evangelizing Hispanics ßThe Roman Catholic Churches Teaches That Salvation Is: ßI. Sacramental – attained through the observance of the sacraments (Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist [re-sacrificing of Christ], Penance, Extreme Unction) ßII. Intermediated – through the church ßIII. Uncertain – there is no assurance ßSource: Sharing the Good News with Roman Catholic Friends
Evangelizing Hispanics ßD. Understanding the Decision-Making Process
Decision-Making Process (Like Nicodemus) ßDISCOVERY ß DELIBERATION ß DECISION ß DISSONANCE ßDISCIPLESHIP ßSource: David Hesselgrave
DISCOVERY ßSalvation by faith alone DELIBERATION What about sacraments, saints, church ? DECISION ß I want to receive Christ ß DISSONANCE ß Pressure from family & friends ßDISCIPLESHIP ßFirmness in following Christ
Evangelizing Hispanics II. Effective Strategies A. Kinship/Friendship Evangelism B. Meetings in Homes C. Utilizing Bible Studies
Evangelizing Hispanics II. Effective Strategies A.Kinship/Friendship Evangelism
How Hispanics Hear About The Gospel First heard about the new religion from: Hispanic Evangelical Converts In what efforts do we concentrate? Family Member 45% __% Friend 31% __% Church Member 11% __% Radio/Television 3% __% Self-Discovery, other, or declined to comment Source: LifeWay Research Center 10% __%
Willingness to receive information through… personal conversation from a family member Hispanic Americans If a local congregation or faith community wanted to reach out and inform you of what they have to offer, how willing would you be to receive information through each of the following methods? Source: LifeWay Research Center
Willingness to receive information through… personal conversation with a friend or neighbor from the church Hispanic Americans If a local congregation or faith community wanted to reach out and inform you of what they have to offer, how willing would you be to receive information through each of the following methods?
Willingness to receive information through… visit to your door by a member of that church or faith community Hispanic Americans If a local congregation or faith community wanted to reach out and inform you of what they have to offer, how willing would you be to receive information through each of the following methods?
B. Meetings in Homes Catholic Scholars - on reasons why many Hispanics are becoming Evangelical: The Catholic Church does not offer small, receptive, faith-sharing community context. 1. Observation: Many Evangelicals believe that without Cathedrals we cannot win Hispanics to Christ. Catholics are saying: It is those small, personal, spiritual, warm, Bible-centered groups that are attracting Hispanics to Evangelical churches. 1. Miguel de la Torre, Hispanic American Religious Cultures, p.366
Evangelizing Hispanics Hispanics respond favorably to a faith that is characterized by: 1.A clear affirmation of Gods transcendence, 2.Strong convictions about Gods will in matters of morality founded on biblical teachings, 3.A confidence in Gods power to work miracles and especially heal, 4.The possibility of establishing a personal relationship with God…Hispanics are finding these needs met by Evangelicalism and Pentecostalism. 1. 1. Miguel de la Torre, Hispanic American Religious Cultures, p.366 -7
Evangelizing Hispanics II. Effective Strategies C. Utilizing Bible Studies (Fellowships) A Resource: Daniel R. Sanchez, Gospel in the Rosary: An Evangelistic Bible Study Series Spanish version: Evangelio en el Rosario.
Evangelizing Hispanics GroupParticipate in Prayer Groups at least monthly Read the Bible at least weekly Catholics 31% 27% Evangelicals 75% 78%
Evangelizing Hispanics ßII. Effective Strategies ßD. Pre-Evangelistic Events ßBlock Parties ßDramas, Concerts (Christmas Season) ßFilms (Jesus Film at Lenten Season) ßGifts of Kindness ßVacation Bible School
Times you have been more open to considering matters of faith Have you been more open to considering matters of faith during any of the following times in your life? During the Christmas holiday season49% During the Easter holiday season38% After a major national crisis such as 9/1141% After a natural disaster38% After the birth of a baby34% At the start of a war or intl tension26% During an economic downturn28% During the Fall/ back-to-school season12% During the Summer holiday season12% Among Hispanics
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS A variety of church types is needed to reach all of the segments of the Hispanic population
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion ßI. Some Need To Be Distinctively Hispanic ßTwo thirds attend Hispanic-oriented worship with: ß1. Latino clergy ß2. Services available in Spanish (bilingual) ß3. Heavily Latino congregations.
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion ßThose who attend Hispanic oriented services: ß77% are Foreign Born Hispanics ß48% are Native Born Hispanics (p.6) ßFor these, culture and language go together ßFamily loyalty also keeps them together ß(Grandparents, parents, children)
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion ßII. Some need to be in English Language – Hispanic Culture Churches ßDue to selective assimilation native born Hispanics are fluent in the English language yet they retain socio-cultural elements that motivate them to worship in these types of churches. ßConversion is higher among the native born than the foreign born. It is also higher among English-Speaking Latinos than it is among the Spanish Speakers. (p.41)
Hispanic Churches In American Public Life Pew Center & Notre Dame U. Affiliation 1 ST Generation 2 nd Generation 3 rd Generation Catholic74%72%62% Evangelical15%20%29%
Types of Assimilation Type of AssimilationCharacteristicsImplications CulturalLearning the language, basic customs, dress styles, business practices necessary to function. Having most celebrations with family & friends of their own cultural group Due to the fact that they have retained a large portion of their culture and function better in Spanish, they are more attracted to Hispanic-oriented churches StructuralHaving a greater understanding of the English language. Developing meaningful friendships with persons outside their own culture. Joining the social institutions of the predominant society Due to the fact that they are fluent in English and are a part of social institutions that are mostly Anglo, it is quite natural for them to be attracted to Anglo congregations.
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion ßThe more assimilated Hispanics: ß1. Have more friends outside their own cultural group – there is a greater possibility for them to have Evangelical friends. ß2. Are less bound by religious tradition ß3. Feel ignored by the Catholic Church
Hispanic American Religious Cultures p. 365 ßRoman Catholic Scholars: ßThe sects not only appeal to the poor, oppressed, and marginalized, they also appeal to upwardly the mobile because they provide a means of becoming respectable members of the middle class without severing ties with their Hispanic roots and heritage.
Catholics 68% of Latinos identify as Catholics 68% are foreign born 55% say Spanish is primary language 42% did not graduate from high school 46% have household income less than $30,000 a year 14% have household income over $50,000
Evangelicals 15% of Latinos identify as Evangelicals 55% are foreign born 63% say English is primary language or are bilingual 64% have a high school diploma 39% have household income less than $30,000 a year 21% have household incomes over %50,000
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion III. Some need to be English-Speaking, Anglo-Cultural Churches that have a sensitivity for the Hispanic Culture 1.The more assimilated Hispanics feel comfortable in this type of setting 2.Many of these live and work alongside Anglos, therefore, going to church with them is quite natural
Miguel de la Torre, Hispanic American Religious Cultures, p.366 -7 ßCatholic scholars on decline of the Catholic church among Hispanics: ß1. Due to failure to acknowledge the diversity of persons in the Hispanic community… ß2. Theres a lack of awareness of ethnic and social class characteristics. ßWe must not make the same mistake. ß Careful study is needed
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion ßEthnic oriented worship combined with the rapid growth of the Hispanic population leave little doubt that a detailed understanding of the religious faith among Latinos is essential to understanding the future of this population as well as the evolving nature of religion in the United States (p. 4)
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS ß Major question we need to answer: ßSince Hispanics are growing exponentially, are our church planting strategies incremental (by addition) or exponential (by multiplication)? ßIt is obvious that we need strategies for exponential church planting.
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS ß I. Whats the starting point? ß A. Begin with existing churches ß1. We have many established churches (Anglo, African American, Asian, Hispanic) that need to start Hispanic churches in their communities. (Especially in new areas of Hispanic concentrations) N. Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Arkansas, Nevada ßNew communities in established areas ß2. They need to catch a vision for church starting.
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS ß The Antioch Church – An Example A Church of Refugees (Acts 11:19) It took Acts 8:1 to fulfill 1:8 At First reached Jews Only (Acts 11:19) This was natural – same language, culture Could have had limited ministry Do we have too many 11:19 churches? Then Reached to Gentiles (Acts 11:20) Expanded its vision Became a Great Commission Church
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS ß The Antioch Church – An Example Missionary training ground (Acts 11:26-27) Barnabas brought Paul Served one year – missionary training Had Multicultural leadership (Acts 13:1) Herods half brother Simon Niger – African descent Sent out first missionary team (Acts 13:3) Willing to share their leaders Willing to support the church planting team
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS ßB. Examine Church Planting Models ß1. Observation: The largest Hispanic churches use home-based groups ßa. Hispanics (R. Cath) go to a home quicker than to a Protestant Church. ßb. This strategy does not require large educational buildings ßc. Informality of the groups is conducive to the communication of the Gospel.
Sponsorship Styles Majority Culture Church starts Ethnic Church within its own building P E O P L E G R O U P M O D E L S F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G > STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS
Sponsorship Styles Majority Culture Church starts Ethnic Church at another location P E O P L E G R O U P M O D E L S F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G > STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS
Sponsorship Styles Majority Culture Church & Ethnic Church Join to start an ethnic mission P E O P L E G R O U P M O D E L S F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G > STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS
Mother - Satellites P A R E N T I N G M O D E L S F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G > STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS
Sponsoring Church Revitalization Project (an established church helps a small one to grow) P A R E N T I N G M O D E L S F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G > STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS
Sponsoring Church Reclamation Project (an established church helps a dying church to be rebirth into a church of a different culture) P A R E N T I N G M O D E L S F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G > STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS
Multi-Congregational Model (One church, several congregations) P A R T N E R I N G M O D E L S F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G > STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS
Church Planting Movements (Multiplication of congregations) P R O P A G A T I O N M O D E L S F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G > STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS ßB. Examine Church Planting Models ß2. Church Planting Models in Cuba ßPertinent to us: ßa. Hispanic cultural (R. Catholic background) ßb. Existing churches – did not start from scratch ßc. Mainly urban setting – most U.S. Hispanics now live in urban settings ßd. Have experienced transitions in their lives Source: Daniel Gonzalez, Modelo Cubano de Reinocrecimiento, 2008
Evangelism Discipleship Ministries Fellowship Local Church Growth Mutiplication (Missions) Program-Based Traditional Church Worship
Traditional Church With Small Groups Worship Evangelism Discipleship Ministries Fellowship Homes Schools Work Public Places Worship Evangelism Discipleship Ministries Fellowship Small GroupsChurch Building
Cell-Based Church With Building House School Work Small Groups Or Cells Building Publid Places House Worship Evangelism Discipleship Ministries Fellowship Celebration Administration
Cell Church Without Building Homes Schools Work Small Groups Or Cells Public Places Homes Worship Evangelism Discipleship Ministries Fellowship Celebration Administration ?
House Church Traditional Structure Homes Worship Evangelism Discipleship Ministries Fellowship Worship Evangelism Discipleship Ministries Fellowship Multiplication (Missions)
House Church Network Under Established Churchs Umbrella CHURCH UMBRELLA ANCHOR Worship Evangelism Discipleship Ministries Fellowship Homes
House Church Network Under Associations Umbrella ASSOCIATION Group of Churches Homes Worship Evangelism Discipleship Ministries Fellowship Homes
House Church Network Under Constituted House Church HOUSE CHURCH Homes Worship Evangelism Discipleship Ministries Fellowship Homes
PRINCIPLES ß1. Prayer – specific & concerted ß2. Small-groups (homes, garages, carports, apartments, etc.) in networks ß3. Reproduction in their DNA (every church planter has an apprentice) ß4. Evangelism & Church Plating follow kinship & friendship lines
PRINCIPLES ß5. Utilize a variety of workers ßI. Strategy Coordinators ßA. Catalytic – involve others ßStudy where churches are needed ßEnlist sponsoring churches ßEnlist church planting teams ßTrain the teams ßEncourage the work of the teams ßB. Responsible for areas (communities, cities)
PRINCIPLES ß5. Utilize a variety of workers ßII. Church Planters ßA. Encargados (In Charge of a house church) ßB. Obreros Laicos (Lay Leaders) ßC. Pastores Laicos (Lay Pastors) ßD. Pastores Ordenados (Ordained Pastors)
PRINCIPLES ß6. Recognition of each level of leader ßA. Encargados (Commissioned by a Church) ßB. Obreros Laicos (Licensed Worker) ßC. Pastores Laicos (Licensed Pastor) ßD. Pastores Ordenados (Ordained Pastors)
PRINCIPLES ß7. On-going training for each level of leadership ßMeet on a weekly basis ßLearn as they serve ß8. Flexibility: Estrategia Criolla (Creole Strategy) ßSome house churches become sponsoring churches of a network of house churches ßSome use a modified form of cell groups & gather members regionally for celebration (worship)
PRINCIPLES ß9. Small Groups carry on the functions of a church (Acts 2: 40-47) ßWorship ßEvangelism ßDiscipleship ßMinistry ßFellowship ß10. Boldness in sharing the Gospel and starting churches
OBSERVATIONS ß1. By utilizing lay church planters and being willing to meet in whatever places are available, they have overcome two of the major limitations for church planting multiplication. ß2. By using simple methods of evangelism and church planting (i.e., Participative Bible, Informal Worship & Fellowship), they have enabled reproduction of simple churches.
Baptists in Cuba 19952008Increase Traditional Churches 238 672Doubled Missions 3531,232Tripled House Churches1,3694,391Tripled Total Churches Members of Traditional Churches 1,960 13,358 6,295 44,220 Tripled
Assemblies of God in Cuba 199019951998200120052008 Churches893003506508662,418 Churches in Homes 08501,6503,7806,4066,698 Members12,00040,00085,000100,000164,000309,692 Adherents35,00030,000 166,640263,500 Total12,00075,000115,000130,000331,439573,192
Our Challenge ß1. The Hispanic American population is continuing to grow exponentially. The US has the 2 nd largest concentration of Hispanics in the world. ß2. Hispanics are more receptive to the Gospel than ever before. 20% Protestant or Evangelical. (3 rd Generation – 30%)
Our Challenge ß3. We have more resources than ever before ßMore studies are available ßMore successful church planting models ß4. There are more opportunities for partnerships than ever before ßHispanic churches ßAnglo churches ßAfrican American churches ßOthers
Our Challenge ß5. We are seeing a mighty movement of the Spirit of God in many parts of the world. ßIn China, India, Africa, Latin America thousands are coming to Christ and thousands of churches are being planted ßMany Christians are earnestly praying that this will happen on a large scale here in America in our day.
Our Challenge ßHow are we going to respond to the challenge of reaching and congregating Hispanics? ßWhat will future generations say? (Churchill)