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Workshop on European Small-Scale Accelerator Facilities Aghios Nikolaos, Crete, Greece, September 7-8, 2007.

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Small Scale Facilities in EUROPE (not included in the Large Scale Facilitity Network ) Belgium: 1IKS KU Leuven Croatia 2Rudjer Boskovic Institute Zagreb.

Small Scale Facilities in EUROPE (not included in the Large Scale Facilitity Network ) Belgium: 1IKS KU Leuven Croatia 2Rudjer Boskovic Institute Zagreb.

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Presentation on theme: "Workshop on European Small-Scale Accelerator Facilities Aghios Nikolaos, Crete, Greece, September 7-8, 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 Workshop on European Small-Scale Accelerator Facilities Aghios Nikolaos, Crete, Greece, September 7-8, 2007

2 members of the Small-Scale Accelerator Facilities Working Group DOBES Jan (dobes@ujf.cas.cz) Nuclear Physics Institute, Rez, Czech Republicdobes@ujf.cas.cz HAAS Bernard (chair) (haas@cenbg.in2p3.fr) Centre dEtudes Nucléaires Bordeaux-Gradignan, Francehaas@cenbg.in2p3.fr HARISSOPULOS Sotirios (sharisop@inp.demokritos.gr) Institute of Nuclear Physics, National Centre for Scientific Research "Demokritos", Athens, Greecesharisop@inp.demokritos.gr LEEB Helmut (leeb@kph.tuwien.ac.at) TU Wien, Atominstitut / Kernphysik, Wien, Austrialeeb@kph.tuwien.ac.at STYCZEN Jan (Jan.Styczen@ifj.edu.pl) The Henryk Niedwonidczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow, PolandJan.Styczen@ifj.edu.pl ZAMFIR Nicolae-Victor (zamfir@tandem.nipne.ro) National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele, Romaniazamfir@tandem.nipne.ro

3 Small Scale Facilities in EUROPE (not included in the Large Scale Facilitity Network ) Belgium: 1IKS KU Leuven Croatia 2Rudjer Boskovic Institute Zagreb Czech Republic: 2Nucl. Phys. Inst. Acad. Sci. Rez Germany 5RUBION Bochum, HISKP Uni. Bonn, IKP Technische Univ. Darmstadt, MLL Garching, IKP Univ. Köln Greece 1Demokritos Athens France: 2IPN Orsay and CEN Bordeaux Hungary: 2Inst. Nucl. Research Debrecen Italy: 3LNS Catania, LNGS Assergi, LABEC Firenze Poland: 2INP Cracow and HIL Warsaw Univ. Portugal 1ITN Lisbon Romania: 1CRAI Bucharest Spain: 2CNAM Madrid and CNA Seville Switzerland 1ETH Zürich TOTAL 25 http://www.nupecc.org

4 Heavy Ion Laboratory WARSAW University K=160 heavy ion cyclotron which provides beams of gaseous elements and elements available from gaseous compounds (boron to argon) - energies 2 to 10 MeV/A - intensities up to a few hundreds pnA - Commissioned 1994, beam time available 3000h/year Accessible apparatus: - large scattering chamber - IGISOL on-line separator - pin diode particle array - large NaI(Tl) crystal segmented in 32 elements - anti Compton shielded Ge detectors - 4π Si ball - 4π BGO gamma multiplicity filter - Ge compton polarimeter NEW: ICARE from Strasbourg National and international collaborations PAC Main fields: - nuclear physics - solid state - biology - applications studies

5 Institute für Kernphysik, Univ. KÖLN 10 MV FN tandem accelerator producing light and heavy ions up to Z=30. Typical beam currents 10-100 nA. Pulsed beam available 2.5 ns No PAC Main instrumentation for nuclear physics experiments: Ge array with beta decay slider for activation measurements, plunger for lifetime measurements, double orange conversion spectrometer, PIXE installation with beam sweaper, multipurpose scattering chamber, particle- gamma coincidence set up. Main fields of nuclear research: Nuclear structure Sub-Coulomb barrier reactions Main fields of other research Applied physics using PIXE with mm resolution Radiation effects in solids via material modification and ion implantation.

6 Programme Nuclear physics (convener V. Zamfir) Friday morning Nuclear astrophysics (convener S. Harissopulos) Friday afternoon Microprobes for various topics (convener Ph. Moretto) Saturday morning 3 common domains proposed to be covered:

7 Small Scale Facilities in EUROPE (not included in the Large Scale Facilitity Network ) Belgium: 1IKS KU Leuven Croatia 2Rudjer Boskovic Institute Zagreb Czech Republic: 2Nucl. Phys. Inst. Acad. Sci. Rez Germany 5RUBION Bochum, HISKP Uni. Bonn, IKP Technische Univ. Darmstadt, MLL Garching, IKP Univ. Köln Greece 1Demokritos Athens France: 2IPN Orsay and CEN Bordeaux Hungary: 2Inst. Nucl. Research Debrecen Italy: 3LNS Catania, LNGS Assergi, LABEC Firenze Poland: 2INP Cracow and HIL Warsaw Univ. Portugal 1ITN Lisbon Romania: 1CRAI Bucharest Spain: 2CNAM Madrid and CNA Seville Switzerland 1ETH Zürich TOTAL 25

8 Nuclear solid state physics at IKS ( KU LEUVEN) (Institute fùr Kern and Stralingsfysica) The nuclear solid state physics group uses the infrastructure of the Ion and Molecular Beam Laboratory (IMBL) to investigate the fundamental structural, electrical, magnetic and optical properties of low-dimensional structures Used nuclear techniques (ion beams and hyperfine interections) for the study of: metallic multilayers surface and thin films growth mechanisms (radiation) defects in semiconductors 1.7 MV Tandem (Pelletron) used for analysis of samples via RBS, channeling spectrometry, PIXE, NRA (Nuclear Reaction Analysis) 100 kV mass separator for implantation of radioactive probes (hyperfine interaction techniques) 200 kV high current mass implanter (end 2006) with a multipurpose ion source (for stable isotopes) for studies on ion beam modification of materials

9 Tandem accelerator center Rudjer Boskovic Institute ZAGREB EN Tandem 6 MV (from Rice University,Texas) upgraded until 2006 (computer controlled operation and installation of new tubes). Two ion sources (RF and sputtering) Ion beams so far: protons (up to 1 µA), Li, C, O and 35 Cl 6+ (0.5-5.5 MV) New 1 MV Tandetron installed in 2005 for proton beams. So far energies 0.4-2.0 MeV with currents up to 10 µA No PAC 5 beam lines which can be used from both accelerators PIXE/RBS/PIGE for broad beam analysis,ToF ERDA for thin film analysis, nuclear reactions with light ions for astrophysics, ion implantation and high resolution PIXE, µ probe with PIXE, RBS, NRA, ERDA, STIM, IBIC, SE and IL detector systems Basic research topics: Inner shell ionization processes Non Rutherford elastic scattering Nuclear astrophysics Applied research topics: Material characterization Ion beam material modifications Development of dosimetry techniques International collaborations (IAEA, Univ. di Torino and INFN Catania) 30% of beam time

10 Neutron generator center Rudjer Boskovic Institute ZAGREB Linear electrostatic accelerator (CW type) 300 kV. Beginning of operation 1970. Ions: protons deuterons, 3 He +, 4 He +. Maximum currents 1 mA 3 beam lines : +/- 30° water cooled systems for fixed tritium and deuteron targets. Precise neutron dose and fluence via the particle associated method. Fast and slow pulsing at +30° 0° for rotating tritium targets. Neutron generator: 3 H( 2 H,n) 4 He En=14.5 MeV max. fluence 5×10 9 n/4π.s fixed target 2 H( 2 H,n) 3 He En= 2.5 MeV max. fluence 5×10 10 n/4π.s rotating target No PAC Domestic users: 40% Other countries: 60% International collaborations: -NATO: Control of illicit trafficking in threat materials (with INFN Padova) -FP6 EURITRACK: European illicit trafficking countermeasures kit (with France, Italy, Poland, Sweden and Croatia) -IAEA: Inspection of shipping containers for undisclosed radioactive materials -Institute of isotopes and Central Research Institute of Physics, Hungarian Academy of Science, Budapest

11 RUBION –Central unit for ion beams and radioactive nuclides BOCHUM High current Dynamitron Tandem with terminal voltage up to 4.5 MV Almost all ion species available. Typical proton beam current 50 µA 500 kV and 100 kV electrostatic single stage accelerator No PAC RBS, µ PIXE, NRA (H-profiling with 15 N), channeling set up, recoil separator with gas target, low energy nano-implantation stage, high energy µ-implantation stage, hot implantation stage, industrial implantation stage up to 6' wafer size Main fields (nuclear research) nuclear astrophysics nuclear material science development of nuclear analytic techniques modification of materials by ion implantation radiochemistry mainly for life science Other domains industrial implantation in clean rooms applied physics

12 Facility to produce and implant mass separated isotopes into specially prepared samples at implantation energies between 1 and 160 keV. Off-line facility fully licensed to handle all radioisotopes except gases and actinides. Main fields of application: Separation and implantation of radioactive isotopes for the nuclear spectroscopy with charged particles the investigation of hyperfine interactions in solids the study of the diffusion of radiotracers in materials the observation of impurity transmutation in semiconductors Separation and implantation of stable isotopes for the production of highly enriched calibrated targets the impurity doping of materials the radiation damaging of solids Short list of radioisotopes implanted: 7 Be, 32 P, 59 Fe, 67 Cu, 71 Ge, 77 Br, 82 Br, 83 Rb, 100 Pd, 111m Cd, 111 In, 111 Ag, 169 Er, 181 Hf, 197 Hg Users Local groups and a substantial number of European and overseas research groups Radioisotope separator and implanter at the Helmholtz Institut für Strahlen und Kernphysik, Univ. BONN

13 Institut für Kerphysik, Technische Universität DARMSTADT Superconducting electron linear accelerator producing CW electron beams from 3 to 130 MeV. Free Electron Laser operating at wavelengths between 2.5 and 10 µm No PAC Main instrumentation for nuclear physics experiments: Nuclear resonance fluorescence facility with three 100% efficient Ge detectors Large solid angle magnetic spectrograph for single arm (e,e´) and coincidence experiments of the form (e,e´x) with x=n,p,… Solid state and neutron counter arrays Energy loss spectrometer for (e,e´) at high resolution Facility for inelastic electron scattering experiments under 180° Main fields of nuclear research: Photon and electron scattering for studies of elementary nuclear excitations of low multiplicity Electric and magnetic giant resonances Astrophysics Electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the nucleon via Compton scattering at low photon energies Main fields of other research: Superconducting RF and accelerator physics Simulation of quantum chaos phenomena in superconducting microwave resonators

14 Maier- Leibnitz- Laboratory, GARCHING 15 MV MP tandem producing H to U ions including polarised p and d, DC or bunches from 1 ns to 2 ms) Post accelerator for Ni, Ge (1 pnA, 5.7 MeV/u, bunched) PAC with external members Main instrumentation for nuclear physics experiments: Q3D spectrometer, superconducting nanoscope for applied nuclear physics experiments, Ge arrays, conversion electron spectrometer, gas filled magnet for AMS, high resolution Penning trap, neutron ToF, shielded lab for low-background experiments Main fields of nuclear research: Nuclear spectroscopy Accelerator mass spectroscopy Main fields of other research: -Instrumental developments (nuclear structure and heavy ion physics, hadron, particle and astrophysics) -Material analysis: sub-µm 3D-hydrogen microscopy, high resolution and thin layer by ERDA -Medical applications with ions: radiobiology with focussed ion-beams, radiation effects in biological systems, ion-implantation

15 Institute für Kernphysik, Univ. KÖLN 10 MV FN tandem accelerator producing light and heavy ions up to Z=30. Typical beam currents 10-100 nA. Pulsed beam available 2.5 ns No PAC Main instrumentation for nuclear physics experiments: Ge array with beta decay slider for activation measurements, plunger for lifetime measurements, double orange conversion spectrometer, PIXE installation with beam sweaper, multipurpose scattering chamber, particle- gamma coincidence set up. Main fields of nuclear research: Nuclear structure Sub-Coulomb barrier reactions Main fields of other research Applied physics using PIXE with mm resolution Radiation effects in solids via material modification and ion implantation.

16 Nuclear Physics Institute REZ U-120M cyclotron designed and manufactured in JINR Dubna Operation started ~ 1975 (improvements and modernization since then) K=40 isochronous machine with both positive and negative ions energycurrents H -, H + 10-38 MeV 40-5 µA D -, D + 10-20 MeV25-5 µA 3 He + 17-53 MeV3 µA 4 He + 20-40 MeV5 µA Fast neutron sources (both monoenergetic 20-37 MeV and white spectrum 10 11 n/(s.cm 2 ) up to 32 MeV operated together with neutron scintillator spectrometers and multi foil spectrometry Applications: - nuclear astrophysics processes - fast neutrons for future energy production technologies (EURATOM) - production of radioisotopes employed in the near radiopharmacy department (main portion of the cyclotron operating time)

17 Nuclear Physics Institute REZ Old Van de Graaff 3.5 MV protons and 4 He + ions up to 3.5 MeV several µA and energy stability 10 -4 RBS, ERDA (hydrogène), PIXE, PIGE and PESA analyses installed New tandetron 4130 MC machine, 3MV (HVEE) Ions from H to Au with energies up to 20 MeV and currents up to tens of µA Routine operation in 2006 and beam lines under construction Microprobe planned in 2007 Interdisciplinary programmes with national and international groups Main research topics: - surface layers in solids for bio medicine and machine industries - new prospective materials for microelectronics and opto electronics - environment - modification of materials by ion beams - radiation damage - nuclear astrophysics and fusion processes also planned

18 Institute of Nuclear Physics of the National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos ATHENS 5.5 MV Van de Graaff tandem (first beams 1973) beams: p, d, 4 He, Li, C, O, F, Ti, V,… Os 30 μA 1 μA 15 μA 1 μA 0.5 μA Basic research ( ~ 60%) - Nuclear astrophysics - Neutron physics - Nuclear reactions on light systems Applied research (~ 40%) - Material science - Biomedicine - Archeometry - Environment No PAC 2500 h/year and 65% external users

19 IPN ORSAY 15 MV MP tandem. Stable beams from protons to gold Cluster beams Six beam lines:-3 for conventional nucl. phys. experiments -ISOL line -cluster physics -industrial applications PAC with external members Fields: - Nuclear structure of exotic nuclei - Clusters in nuclei - Nuclear astrophysics - Nuclear waste - Nuclear physics for energy and environment - Atomic physics NEW! ALTO (50 MeV electron accelerator 10 μA) 10 11 fissions/sec via photofission inside target and up to 10 8 132 Sn/sec after separation Spectroscopy of very neutron rich nuclei European programs: EFNUDAT, EUROTRANS, EURONS, EURISOL

20 AIFIRA (Applications Interdisciplinaires de Faisceaux dIons en Région Aquitaine) CEN BORDEAUX Single stage electrostatic accelerator (HVEE 3.5 MV Singletron) bright beams of light ions (H +, D +, He + ) currents up to 100 μA Facility commissioned in January 2006 nanobeams with space resolution <100 nm PAC (11 members with 4 external experts) 5 beam lines:- neutrons 0.1-7 MeV and soon 20 MeV - μ probe - nano probe - external beam for characterisation in air - test for detectors and industrial irradiations Fields: environment, biomedicine, nuclear waste and new fuel cycles, material science, cultural heritage Facility opened to external users from academic research and industrial firms via a technological transfer department European programs EFNUDAT, EUROTRANS, NANODERM, CELLION, COST P9 Running costs ~70 k, technical staff ~ 130 k

21 Institute of Nuclear Research DEBRECEN 5 MV Van de Graaff providing H +, D +, 4 He +, C +, N +, O +, Ne + Max current 1-20 µA (depending on ion species) Energy stability less 1kV Main instrumentation: Scanning nuclear microprobe, PIXE chamber, CLOVER type Ge detector with BGO shield and other Ge counters, target chamber for astrophysics (gamma and particle detectors in various geometries), e + -e - pair spectrometer with MWPC tracking and plastic detectors, e + e - pair spectrometer with SC solenoid and Si micro vertex detectors, high resolution electrostatic e - spectrometer with angular (0-180°) and energy (5 eV-12 keV) ranges Main fields of nuclear research: IBA broad beam and microbeam nuclear astrophysics fundamental interactions (internal pair creation in nuclear transitions) Other research: proton beam micromachining ion induced electron spectroscopy for atomic physics No PAC

22 Institute of Nuclear Research DEBRECEN Isochronous cyclotron (K=20) for light ions p, d, 3 He, 4 He and max. intensities of 50 µA energies from 3 MeV (p) to 27 MeV for 3 He particles Main instrumentation: split pole magnetic spectro, CLOVER Ge detector with BGO shield and other Ge detectors, SC solenoid and mini orange electron spectrometers, ionization chambers and PPAC fission detectors, scattering chamber with Si telescopes, e + e - pair spectrometer Main fields of nuclear research: SD and HD states in actinide region study of fission barriers study of alpha optical model potential for nuclear astrophysics gamma decay of giant resonances Other research: production of radioisotopes for PET production of long lived isotopes for RIB used abroad thin layer activation nuclear data for neutron and gamma induced transmuation radiation hardness tests of electronic units No PAC

23 Laboratory Nazionali del Sud CATANIA 15 MV tandem provides up to 200 nA beams with energies up to 10 to 200 MeV depending on mass Superconducting cyclotron provides ions in a wide range of masses with max energies from 25 MeV/A for U to 80 MeV/A for fully stripped light ions ISOL type RIB facility (EXCYT) based on the cyclotron (primary accel.) and the tandem (post accel.), produces 8 Li beams PAC: 1 national and 6 foreign members Main fields (nuclear research): - Exotic nuclei - Reaction mechanisms around the Coulomb barrier - Particle spectroscopy of high spin state - Nuclear astrophysic - Giant resonances - Phase transitions - Nuclear equation of state Other domains: - Proton therapy - Solid state physics - Radiation hardness - Ion beam dammage on biological samples - Cultural heritage - High energy cosmic neutrinos

24 Laboratory Nazionali del GRAN SASSO Assergi LUNA: 400 KV accelerator providing intense proton and alpha beams main characteristics: low ripple, high energy resolution, and operation without operator on site Main fields (nuclear research): low energy nuclear astrophysics via nuclear reaction cross section measurements at stellar energies high purity targets and detector systems available Other domains: particle astrophysics, sypernovae-atmospheric-solar neutrinos, neutrino beam from CERN dark matter rare decays PAC: 4 Italian and 5 foreign members

25 LABEC FLORENCE (Laboratorio di Techniche Nucleari per i Beni Culturali) Tandetron 3 MV with three independant ion sources dedicated to applications of nuclear techniques: Ion Beam Analysis IBA and Accelerator Mass Spectrometry AMS One source dedicated to AMS ( 14 C dating), the other two for IBA All kinds of beams with intensities typically of tens of µA 6 beam lines: - rare isotope line, better 0.5% for the ratio 14 C/ 12 C in samples of historical periods - two collimated external beam lines for IBA cultural heritage and air pollution studies - line with external microbeam set up with scanning facility for elementary mapping - line for standard in-vacuum analysis - line with electrostatic chopper for ultra fast pulsing down to 0.2 ns Main research topics: Archeometry Environment Geology Calibration for timing response of detectors

26 Heavy Ion Laboratory WARSAW University K=160 heavy ion cyclotron which provides beams of gaseous elements and elements available from gaseous compounds from boron to argon - energies 2 to 10 MeV/A - intensities up to a few hundreds pnA - Commissioned 1994, beam time available 3000h/year Accessible apparatus: - large scattering chamber - IGISOL on-line separator - pin diode particle array - large NaI(Tl) crystal segmented in 32 elements - anti Compton shielded Ge detectors - 4π Si ball - 4π BGO gamma multiplicity filter - Ge compton polarimeter NEW: ICARE from Strasbourg National and international collaborations PAC Main fields: - nuclear physics - solid state - biology - application studies

27 Institute of Nuclear Physics CRACOW Van de Graaff (HVEC KN-3000) 2.7 MV protons and He + beams energy stabilty 10 -3 3 beam lines in operation: broad-beam PIXE analysis RBS/channeling microprobe (routine operation in 2000) X-ray and particle detectors PIXE, RBS, STIM Applications: - geology - environment - biomedical Recently: external focused beam developed with a single ion hit facility for living cells extraction to air for archeological objects or biological samples well equipped biological laboratory Collaborations in FP5 and FP6 with ~ 10 European partners: NANODERM and CELLION

28 Ion Beam Laboratory ITN LISBON (Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear) 2.5 MV Van de Graaff accelerator: irradiations with 0.4 -2.5 MeV protons and 4 He µ probe: 1.5 µm resolution 3.0 MV Tandem accelerator: irradiations with several ions at temperatures in the range of liquid nitrogen (LN) up to 1000 °C. µ-AMS line No PAC 210 kV high flux ion implanter: all stable elements with energies in the range 15-210 KeV, temperatures in the range LN up to 1000 °C Experimental techniques: RBS, channeling, (HI)-ERDA, NRA, PIXE, IBL, PIGE and AMS Applications: - characterization and processing new materials - proton induced reactions relevant for nuclear astrophysics and development of analytical techniques to profile light elements - biomedical studies of human pathologies (elemental distribution in tissues) - atmospheric and environmental studies European programmes Fusion development agreement (EFDA) via EURATOM Low energy nuclear reactions in the framework of LUNA (Gran Sasso) Biomedical studies of skin permeability to nanoparticles

29 Center of Research with Accelerated Ions BUCHAREST FN-type tandem, upgraded to 9 MV (HVEC USA) commissioned in 1973 - 28 ion species from protons to gold with intensities up to 1 μA - 7 beam lines equipped (photons, charged particles and neutrons) for a wide variety of applications Research topics: - basic nuclear and atomic physics - applied physics using PIXE, RBS, ERDA and AMS - 24 national research projects Collaborations in FP6 progammes: - EURONS (AGATA, EXOSCHAP, ISILHI) - EURISOL - EURATOM Stand alone Electron-Cyclotron Resonance (14GHz, ECR) ion source large variety of highly ion beams at low energy Topics: - atomic physics - condensed matter - applied research

30 CMAM University MADRID (Centro de Microanalisis de Materials) High current tandetron 5 MV (HVEE) commissioned early 2003 Intense beams with remarkable stability and low terminal voltage ripple Multidisciplinary facility using IBA for archeometry, environmental sciences material sciences nuclear physics and test of detectors Nuclear physics beam line operative since end 2004 full kinematical study of the break up in 3 alpha of excited states of 12 C populated the 3 He+ 10 B reaction at 3 MeV testing for signal digitization of charged particle detectors FP6: EURONS Technical positions are not yet permanent because facility is new

31 CNA University SEVILLE (National Center of Accelerators) Development of technological and scientific projects among Andalusian, Spanish and international scientific communities as well as private and public companies Tandem Van de Graaff 3 MV 6 beam lines for archeometry, art, biomedicine, environment and material sciences 1 line for basic nuclear physics Cyclotron 18 MeV production of radionuclides for PET Mass spectrometer with a 1 MV Cockcroft Walton accelerator (AMS) extremely small quantities of 14 C, 10 Be, 26 Al, 129 I and Pu isotopes archeology, geology, hydrology, material science Remark: CNA and CMAM installations especially adequate for the training of young scientists and technicians who will be involved in programmes at large scall facilities like FAIR, ISOLDE or GANIL

32 Eidgenössiche Technische Hochschule (ETH) ZÜRICH 6 MV tandem operated in close collaboration with the Paul Scherrer Institute. Machine installed in 1963 and dedicated to applied research since 1985. 5 independant ion sources dedicated to applications of nuclear techniques: Accelerator Mass Spectrometry and Ion Beam Physics. Beams available: H, He, 10 Be, 14 C, C 60 (cluster), 14 C, 26 Al, 32 Si, 36 Cl, 41 Ca, 60 Fe, 126 Sn, 129 I 5 beam lines (µprobe, external beam for thin layer activation, ion implantation channeling, heavy ion RBS spectrometer and AMS) No PAC Techniques for analysis and irradiation: RBS, (heavy ion)-ERDA, NRA, PIXE, (channeling-RBS), TLA, accelerator SIMS Main activities: Geology Climate research Environment Life sciences Material sciences


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