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Report to NuPECC on NSAC activities R.E. Tribble, NSAC Chair October 26, 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "Report to NuPECC on NSAC activities R.E. Tribble, NSAC Chair October 26, 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 Report to NuPECC on NSAC activities R.E. Tribble, NSAC Chair October 26, 2007

2 NSAC Charges FRIB Task Force - report accepted by NSAC, August 2007 Performance Measures and Milestones Long Range Plan (How I spent 2007)

3 FRIB Task Force Charge: evaluate scientific reach and technical options for RIB Facility at about 1/2 the cost of RIA Task Force chair – J. Symons Report conclusion: We recommend that DOE and NSF proceed with solicitation of proposals for a FRIB based on the 200 MeV, 400 kW superconducting heavy-ion driver linac at the earliest opportunity. Report submitted to NSAC and accepted in early August, 2007

4 Charge given to NSAC in July, 2006 ( Charge letter requests: – new study of opportunities and priorities – consider program in international context – detail how NS contributes to education, society Charge letter projects budget for: – 12 GeV upgrade at JLAB (DOE) – Funding for RIB facility at about 1/2 the cost of RIA (DOE) – DUSEL funding decision at NSF Interim report requested by October, 2007 Final report by end of Long Range Plan

5 NSAC Task Force to evaluate RIB options Other Recent NSAC reports available: – A Vision for Nuclear Theory (10/03) – Report of the NSAC Subcommittee Review of Heavy Ion Nuclear Physics (10/04) – Education in Nuclear Science (11/04) – Guidance for Implementation of the 2002 LRP (6/05) – Recommendation to the DOE & NSF on a United States Program in Neutrino-less Double Beta Decay (9/05) – Recommendations to the DOE & NSF on U.S. Program of Reactor- and Accelerator-based Neutrino Oscillation Experiments (2/06) 2007 Long Range Plan: NSAC input Many other reports available!

6 Town Meetings sponsored by DNP: - Nuclear Structure and Astrophsyics - Neutrinos and Symmetries Chicago, 1/19/07 – 1/21/07 - Phases of QCD matter - QCD and Hadron Physics Rutgers, 1/12/07 – 1/14/07 [White Papers written] 2007 Long Range Plan: Community input

7 The NSAC Process: – Assemble Working Group (12/06) – Establish subgroups and make writing assignments – Obtain White Papers from DNP Town Meetings – Meeting of Working Group to develop recommendations (April 30 – May 4) – Produce report 2007 Long Range Plan

8 Long Range Plan Working Group members: Elizabeth Beise Edward Hartouni Lia MermingaSusan Seestrom Douglas Bryman Ulrich Heinz Curtis MeyerBradley Sherrill Adam Burrows David Hertzog Zein-Eddine MezianiJames Symons Lawrence Cardman Roy Holt Richard MilnerTony Thomas Richard Casten Calvin Howell Berndt MuellerRobert Tribble Gordon Cates Barbara Jacak Witold NazarewiczThomas Ullrich Jolie Cizeweski Peter Jacobs Heino NitscheUbirajara van Kolck David Dean Robert Janssens Margaret Norris Steven Vigdor Abhay Deshpande Xiandong Ji Michael Ramsey-MusolfMichael Wiescher Charlotte Elster David Kaplan Winston RobertsJohn Wilkerson Rolf Ent Dmitri Kharzeev David RobertsonBoleslaw Wyslouch Bradley Filippone Roy Lacey Hamish RobertsonSherry Yennello Stuart Freedman David Lee Thomas RoserGlenn Young Thomas Glasmacher I-Yang Lee Guy SavardWilliam Zajc Timothy Hallman Naomi Makins Hendrik Schatz

9 Long Range Plan Update White Papers from Town Meetings completed on time – provided excellent input to WG Working Group resolution meeting April 30 – May 4 in Galveston, TX Meeting Schedule

10 WG Meeting Schedule Town Meeting Reports U.S. User Facility Reports FRIB Task Force Report International Activities New Facilities and Major Upgrades New Initiatives – equipment, experiments, and theory Research Program Discussion of Priorities Recommendations set

11 Long Range Plan Update White Papers from Town Meetings completed on time – provided excellent input to WG Working Group resolution meeting April 30 – May 4 in Galveston, TX Key questions for field decided

12 The Science – QCD What are the phases of strongly interacting matter and what roles do they play in the cosmos? What is the internal landscape of the nucleons? What does QCD predict for the properties of strongly interacting matter? What governs the transition of quarks and gluons into pions and nucleons? What is the role of gluons and gluon self-interactions in nucleons and nuclei? What determines the key features of QCD, and what is their relation to the nature of gravity and spacetime?

13 The Science – Physics of Nuclei and Nuclear Astrophysics What is the nature of the nuclear force that binds protons and neutrons into stable nuclei and rare isotopes? What is the origin of simple patterns in complex nuclei? What is the nature of neutron stars and dense nuclear matter? What is the origin of the elements in the cosmos? What are the nuclear reactions that drive stars and stellar explosions?

14 The Science – Fundamental Symmetries and Neutrinos What is the nature of the neutrinos, what are their masses, and how have they shaped the evolution of the universe? Why is there now more matter than antimatter in the universe? What are the unseen forces that were present at the dawn of the universe but disappeared from view as it evolved?

15 Near Perfect Fluid discovered at RHIC Jet Quenching in high energy density matter indicates large parton energy loss Novel Particle Production Mechanisms point to deconfined, thermalized and collectively flowing quarks in RHI collisions The 4500 particles produced (on average) in central Au-Au collisions at RHIC smaller than expected and may indicate saturation effects Highlights from Phases of Matter

16 New results on origin of nucleon spin Charge distribution of neutron mapped with high precision Precision predictions coming from Lattice QCD calculations Tight constraints set on strange quark contributions to electric and magnetic properties of proton Initial results found on Generalized Parton Distributions in nucleon Sizeable spin-orbit correlations found in quark distributions and process of hadron formation Three nucleon short-range correlations observed in nuclei Highlights from QCD and Hadrons

17 Charge radii of neutron rich nuclei 6(8) He and 11 Li found Two-proton emission observed in 45 Fe Physics and chemistry of superheavy elements determined New constraints on the compressibility of nuclear matter Precision measurements of stellar reaction rates carried out and improved ab initio theoretical description of nuclear reaction rates for astrophysics Understanding of theory of heavy nuclei and supernova explosions via density functional theory provide new insight into supernova mechanism Highlights from NS and NA

18 Discovery of flavor oscillations among neutrinos Observation of oscillations among reactor antineutrinos Most precise measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon Most precise determination of the low-energy weak mixing angle in parity-violating electron-electron scattering New theoretical calculations on interpretation of neutrino studies and fundamental symmetry tests provide new implications for the New Standard Model Highlights from FS and Neutrinos

19 Long Range Plan Update White Papers from Town Meetings completed on time – provided excellent input to WG Working Group resolution meeting April 30 – May 4 in Galveston, TX Key questions for field decided Four Recommendations established

20 Issues on the table for LRP JLAB upgrade (in FY08 budget) DUSEL (NSF site selection process underway) RHIC II – electron cooling and det. upgrades FRIB EIC New Standard Model initiative Upgrades at Low Energy Facilities GRETA General Research and Operations budgets No major construction for nearly a decade

21 Four Recommendations To Guide U.S. Program for the Next Decade Outcome of Working Group Meeting:

22 Recommendation I We recommend completion of the 12 GeV Upgrade at Jefferson Lab. The Upgrade will enable new insights into the structure of the nucleon, the transition between the hadronic and quark/gluon descriptions of nuclei, and the nature of confinement.

23 Recommendation II We recommend construction of the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams, FRIB, a world-leading facility for the study of nuclear structure, reactions and astrophysics. Experiments with the new isotopes produced at FRIB will lead to a comprehensive description of nuclei, elucidate the origin of the elements in the cosmos, provide an understanding of matter in the crust of neutron stars, and establish the scientific foundation for innovative applications of nuclear science to society.

24 Recommendation III We recommend a targeted program of experiments to investigate neutrino properties and fundamental symmetries. These experiments aim to discover the nature of the neutrino, yet unseen violations of time-reversal symmetry, and other key ingredients of the new standard model of fundamental interactions. Construction of a Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory is vital to US leadership in core aspects of this initiative.

25 Recommendation IV The experiments at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider have discovered a new state of matter at extreme temperature and densitya quark- gluon plasma that exhibits unexpected, almost perfect liquid dynamical behavior. We recommend implementation of the RHIC II luminosity upgrade, together with detector improvements, to determine the properties of this new state of matter.

26 Further Into the Future An Electron Ion Collider (EIC) with polarized beams has been embraced by the U.S. nuclear science community as embodying the vision for reaching the next QCD frontier. EIC would provide unique capabilities for the study of QCD well beyond those available at existing facilities worldwide and complementary to those planned for the next generation of accelerators in Europe and Asia. In support of this new direction: We recommend the allocation of resources to develop accelerator and detector technology necessary to lay the foundation for a polarized Electron Ion Collider. The EIC would explore the new QCD frontier of strong color fields in nuclei and precisely image the gluons in the proton.

27 Initiatives Nuclear Theory We recommend the funding of finite-duration, multi-institutional topical collaborations initiated through a competitive, peer-review process Accelerator R&D We must support the development of new capabilities that will enable future discoveries... targeted support of proposal-driven accelerator R&D supported by DOE and NSF nuclear physics Gamma-Ray Tracking the construction of GRETA should begin upon successful completion of GRETINA. This gamma-ray energy tracking array will enable full exploitation of compelling science opportunities in nuclear structure, nuclear astrophysics, and weak interactions

28 International Collaborations As nuclear science facilities become larger and more complex, the costs of construction and operation escalate. It is not only natural but necessary that we maintain a global view of our field in order to maximize the potential for future discoveries. New facilities that will impact nuclear science are coming on-line in Europe and Japan. In Europe the LHC at CERN will soon be observing Pb-Pb collisions in a totally new energy regime. U.S. nuclear scientists already are involved in preparing several of the large detectors for these experiments. Construction has now begun at GSI on the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR). The FAIR facility will open new possibilities for research in rare isotopes and in QCD. Also underway in Europe is an upgrade of the facilities at GANIL in France which will greatly extend the rare isotope research capabilities there. In Japan, the RI Beam Factory (RIBF) at RIKEN, has begun initial operations. As the beam power at RIBF is increased, it will become the premier facility for producing nuclei far from stability until FRIB is completed. Also in Japan, the JPARC facility, which features high-power, high-energy proton beams, is nearing completion. These new facilities, along with existing ones such as ISAC at TRIUMF, provide opportunities for nuclear scientists in the U.S. to carry out research abroad that is not possible with our existing facilities.

29 Assumptions in Plan [priorities set] DOE NP Budget doubles in 10 years 1% over C.E. in research budgets C.E. for operations No major Low Energy upgrades DUSEL + major equipment funding – NSF GRETA not fully funded RHIC II partial support from RHIC ops.

30 DOE NP Budget Profile

31 Long Range Plan Update White Papers from Town Meetings completed on time – provided excellent input to WG Working Group resolution meeting April 30 – May 4 in Galveston, TX Key questions for field decided Four Recommendations established Writing assignments made, schedule fixed

32 LRP Sections Overview (RET) Science – QCD and Phases of Matter (R. Lacey) – QCD and Hadron Structure (R. Ent) – Emerging QCD Frontier (T. Ulrich) – Nuclei: From structure to Exploding Stars (D. Dean) – In Search of the New Standard Model (M. Ramsey-Musolf) International Facilities/Collaborations (X. Ji) Facilities and Equipment (I.-Y. Lee) Education (P. McMahan) Connections to other Fields (W. Nazarewicz) Applications (S. Seestrom) Recommendations (RET) Resources (RET)

33 Long Range Plan Update White Papers from Town Meetings completed on time – provided excellent input to WG Working Group resolution meeting April 30 – May 4 in Galveston, TX Key questions for field decided Four Recommendations established Writing assignments made, schedule fixed Present status

34 LRP Status Drafts of all sections but Overview completed by early August Review of sections completed by mid September Technical writer now working on sections Overview draft posted early October Layout to begin by early November Goal is to have LRP completed and ready to be printed before NSAC meeting 12/3 and 12/4 If NSAC approves LRP, should be printed before end of 2007

35 Funding Status in U.S. for NP

36 Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Status of FY 2008 Budget Request Administration Request FY 2008 Budget Request for Office of Science (SC):$4,398 Million This is +$297 Million over FY 2007 Request of $4,101 M (+7.2%) This is +$602 Million over FY 2007 Appropriations of $3,796 (+16%) FY 2008 Request for Nuclear Physics:$471.3 Million This is +$16.8 Million over FY 2007 Request of $454.1 M (+3.8%) This is +$48.5 Million over FY 2007 Appropriations of $422.8 M (+11%) Congressional Action House of Representatives Appropriations provides for SC:Request + $116M House of Representatives Appropriations provides for NP:Request Senate Markup provides for SC:Request + $99.4M Senate Markup provides for NP:Request Conference to resolve differencesMid-November?

37 Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy FY 2008 Nuclear Physics Budget Request Breakout (millions) Request FY06 FY07 FY08 vs FY07 Research Operating % Research Cap. Equip % % RHIC % CEBAF % HRIBF % ATLAS % 88-Inch Cyclotron % MIT/Bates % 12 GeV Upgrade R&D/PED EBIS (RHIC) % Other (GPP/SBIR/etc) 19.8* % Nuclear Physics Total % * Includes SBIR/STTR

38 Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy FY 2008 is a very important year (Presidents American Competitiveness Initiative) We must continue to lead the world in human talent and creativity. Our greatest advantage in the world has always been our educated, hardworking, ambitious people -- and we're going to keep that edge. Tonight I announce an American Competitiveness Initiative, to encourage innovation throughout our economy, and to give our nation's children a firm grounding in math and science. First, I propose to double the federal commitment to the most critical basic research programs in the physical sciences over the next 10 years. This funding will support the work of America's most creative minds as they explore promising areas such as nanotechnology, supercomputing, and alternative energy sources. ?

39 October 10-13, 2007DNP Newport News 2007 FY2008 MPS Budget Request ($M) The America COMPETES Act: double NSF budget over 7 years

40 Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Plan to issue a Financial Opportunity Announcement (FOA) in FY 2008 Planned process for proceeding with a Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) NSAC examined the technical options and scientific scope for a world-class U.S. rare isotope beam facility that can be constructed within the projected resources (i.e.; 1/2 cost of RIA) Findings and Recommendations –Deferred to NAS RISAC Report on Scientific Opportunities/Priorities –Facility should be based on a heavy ion driver with a gas catcher and reaccelerated beams, as well as capabilities for stopped and fast fragment beams –A facility with ~80% of RIAs scientific reach without multi-experiment capabilities can be built for about half the cost of RIA (i.e.; < $550 M) by utilizing existing infrastructure Planning to issue and award FOA for Conceptual Design and Site in FY 2008 Conceptual Design Report (CDR) funding requested for FY Preliminary Engineering and Design (PED) funding requested for FY Construction starts in FY 2013

41 Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Rare Isotope Beam (RIB) Experiments Planned process for proceeding with Rare Isotope Beam Experiments Initiative to allow U.S. researchers to participate in forefront rare isotope beam studies while FRIB is being constructed. (~$50M over ~ 8 years) NSAC was asked to identify opportunities made available by research facilities operating and planned abroad for rare isotope beam studies – in their development of a U.S. Long Range plan. Representatives from various countries were invited to discussed their capabilities NP will issue a solicitation for letters of intention in FY 2008 Plan to issue a proposal solicitation in FY 2009 Criteria will be based on traditional considerations plus whether: –There is some particular outstanding scientific opportunity afforded by facility and U.S. investments –There is the opportunity for significant role by U.S. participants –The activity has relevance/impact on the planned U.S. FRIB facility and program The facilities with existing or planned forefront rare isotope beam capabilities include (but not limited to): RIBF/RIKEN (Japan), ISAC/TRIUMF (Canada), FAIR/GSI (Germany), SPIRAL II/GANIL (France), etc. As well as facilities in the U.S., such as the NSCL/MSU (NSF), HRIBF and ATLAS.

42 October 10-13, 2007DNP Newport News 2007 Underground Science DUSEL Community Town Meeting – November 2-4, Washington, D.C. Online registration deadline October 25 Fourth solicitation (S4, in preparation) to develop technical designs for initial suite of experiments DUSEL R&D - Deadline Monday December 3, Proposals should be submitted to both agencies DOE/NSF

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