Presentation on theme: "SPP Indicator 13 : Improving Performance and Student Outcomes"— Presentation transcript:
1SPP Indicator 13 : Improving Performance and Student Outcomes Ginger Blalock, Education ContractorAdapted from Dr. Paula Kohler’s GuidanceNational Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center, Western Michigan University
2Topics for This Presentation IDEA 2004 Transition RequirementsNew Mexico Statutes on Transition PlanningState Performance Plan Indicator 13NSTTAC Indicator 13 Checklist (Form B)
3Context for Improving Practice FactorsStudent outcomesIDEAState and local policyCommunityEffective practicesNothing about transition, or education in general, occurs in a vacuum- examining the context helps us be more strategic. We start with the student data and procedures required now by federal and state mandate and local policy, we look at the community variables that support and impede smooth transitions, and we plan in ways that use all those factors to continue improving our practices, so that ultimately student outcomes are much better.
4IDEA Accountability Mandates Continuous Improvement Monitoring Process (CIMP) – Compliance with IDEAState Performance Plan (SPP)Annual Performance Report (APR)[Make sure that participants have a copy of the NSTTAC Indicator 13 Checklist Form B (revised for NM) to follow along as appropriate.]
5IEP Transition Planning Requirements – 2004 IDEA Statute - Transition planning in the IEP is required for every student (not gifted):Beginning not later than the first IEP to be in effect when the child is 16, and updated annually thereafterNew Mexico Statute: Same requirement but starts no later than 8th grade or age 14IDEA requires that we begin transition planning NO LATER than age 16 – for some students, starting much earlier is allowed. This might be particularly important for students with very complicated situations, or those for whom multiple funding streams will need to collaborate (which takes years to plan and coordinate).New Mexico, like many other states, kept the minimum age for transition planning at 8th grade or age 14 because we recognized that students needed every one of those years to acquire the skills and dispositions needed for adult life. Our graduation requirements for ALL students start with individualized, future-focused planning in 8th grade, through the Next Step Plan.
6IEP Requirements – IDEA 2004 (aa) appropriate measurable postsecondary goals based upon age appropriate transition assessments related to training, education, employment, and where appropriate independent living skills;(bb) the transition services (including courses of study) needed to assist the child in reaching those goals;The legislation says that transition planning in the IEP will involve key components:Measurable postschool goals – training, education, employment, independent livingAlmost every student should have a postschool goal in further learning and a postschool goal in employment – at the level that makes sense for that student (eg., college, trade, school, military, or OJT are a possible range for further learning; full-time, part-time, or very part-time in 5 years comprise a possible range for employment)Age-appropriate transition assessments – also functionally appropriate (eg., not asking a student to complete an assessment that is far too basic or far too advanced for meaningful results) – more on this later
7State Performance Plan (SPP) and Annual Performance Report (APR) State’s plan to meet, and state’s performance on, 19indicators (Part B) — 4 specific to transition:1. % of youth with IEPs who graduate (on standard pathway to diploma) – collected thru STARS2. % of youth with IEPs who drop out – thru STARS also13. % of youth with all transition components in the IEP – collected thru IEP file review by trained reviewer (REC 6)14. % of youth who achieve post-school outcomes (further learning, employment, or both) – collected by phone or other survey method one year after exit (NEREC 4)Here are the 4 indicators closely tied to transition – and an explanation of their data collection method. They work in concert, and Indicator 13’s success (the quality of the student’s plan and program) greatly affects the other 3. Research has shown that meeting the transition requirements laid out in IDEA significantly improves student outcomes.
8Using Transition Indicators to Improve What We Do Post-School Outcomes~Indicator 14~Postsecondary education and/or trainingEmploymentIndependent livingDropping Out~Indicator 2~Why?Appropriate programs?Address student and family needs?Graduation~Indicator 1~Expectations and standards?Various pathways available?Linkage to post-school environments?What’s the Quality of Our IEPs?~Indicator 13~Measurable post-school and annual goalsTransition-related assessmentsCourse of study, services, and activitiesCoordination of servicesNot so good?Good?Why? Why Not?This visually depicts that relationship among these 4 indicators.
9Critical Interrelationship Staying in SchoolQuality IEPsAchieving post-school outcomesGraduatingThus, if a student has quality programming, she or he is more likely to stay in school, to graduate, and to achieve successful adult outcomes.
10Indicator 13 – Content of IEPs Percent of youth aged 16 and above* with an IEP that includes coordinated, measurable, annual IEP goals and transition services that will reasonably enable the child to meet the post-secondary goals. [20 U. S. C (a)(3)(B)]* In N.M., 8th grade or age 14 and aboveAdditional language in IDEA prescribes that each student’s IEP will contain coordinated, measurable, annual IEP goals that help the student reach his/her postschool goals. In our state, we begin the full transition planning earlier.
11Elements of Transition-Rich IEPs Measurable postsecondary goalsPresent level of performance – based on age-appropriate assessmentsTransition activities and services, including course of studyAnnual transition goalsDesignated responsibility, including adult agenciesHere are the multiple facets of Indicator 13 that are assessed on the checklist:Measurable postschool goals – more on “measurable” later – in 2 or possibly 3 major areas (further learning, employment, indep. living)Present levels (in our state form, it’s the student profile section) based on age-appropriate transition assessments – more on that laterTransition services/linkages, including the course of studyAnnual goals related to the postschool goalsDesignated responsibility in the transition plan that should trigger our thinking about adult agencies/higher ed reps who need to be invited.
12Measurable postsecondary goals A Transition-Rich IEP“Transition” assessment/Present levels of achievementTransition services/linkages with designated responsibility & timelinesAnnual IEP Transition GoalsMeasurable postsecondary goalsHere are the multiple components displayed…Long-term activities (e.g., instruction) and services, including course of study
13Measurable postsecondary goals A Transition-Rich IEPMeasurable postsecondary goalsLet’s start with the postschool goals (Item 1 on the checklist)…
14Questions Defining a Measurable Post-School Goal Is it outcome-oriented?Can it be counted (by someone)?Will it occur after the student leaves secondary education?Are goals for education or training AND employment addressed (for most)?Outcome-oriented means something was achieved – saying that a student will learn an occupation is not outcome-oriented, whereas saying that a student will work in a particular business is.We can never measure whether a student became president of Motorola, became a computer technician, or married and raised a family. The measurability here means, Can someone tell if this eventually occurred or not?Almost every student should have some kind of further learning goal for after high school, and some kind of work-related goal.
15Measurable Post-School Goals – Ex: Jamal will work in his uncle’s printing business upon graduation from high school.Karen will attend KVCC in the medical technology (radiology) program and work in the health care industry after high school.Sophie will work part-time in a retail entertainment store, with assistance from an employment specialist, after graduation.Here are examples provided by Paula Kohler at NSTTAC, with slight changes.Can you tell me if these postschool goals relate to:Education/trainingEmploymentIndependent living?
16Other Postschool Goal Examples See many more examples and non-examples at website – click on Indicator 13 link – then “Training Materials” - include discussions of why examples meet IDEA’s criteria and why nonexamples are not appropriate.Outstanding resource – trained reviewers, be sure to explore and read all that’s there!
17Measurable postsecondary goals A Transition-Rich IEPAssessment/Present levels of achievementMeasurable postsecondary goalsIDEA now requires that the present levels of achievement section include results from age-appropriate transition assessment (Item 5 on the checklist). In many instances, schools are conducting transition-related assessments but the results don’t get into the IEP discussion. One typical example is when all students take a career interest inventory at their school for Next Step Planning purposes, but the results aren’t communicated to the special education department and the student isn’t prepared to bring the results to the IEP meeting.
18Assessment-Based PLAAFP What kinds of assessments (informal and formal)?Are the areas assessed the most important ones for this student, given his/her postschool goals? (individualized!)Are they age-appropriate?Are they valid and reliable for the students you are assessing?Who administers assessments? When? How Often?How are results shared with students and with the IEP team?How are results “tracked” over time?How are results used to develop goals and courses of study, and to determine service needs?These questions help the transition specialist, teacher, and/or IEP team think through important facets of the transition assessment component. Key here is the individualized nature of planning and possibly conducting transition assessments. For many, a combination of informal and formal procedures provide a helpful array of information for planning.
19Information Needs for Accountability Student’s present levels of achievement and functional performanceSupports and accommodations neededStudent’s performance regarding state standards and benchmarksHere’s what we are required to report for accountability purposes, with which we’re all familiar…
20Information Needs for Student- Focused Planning AptitudesTemperamentInterestsLearning Preferences & StylesInformation Needs for Student- Focused PlanningWorker/Personal CharacteristicsBackground InformationVocational & Occupational SkillsFunctional/Life SkillsAnd here are the additional areas on which we might need to gather information, for transition planning, depending on the student and what we already know about him/her.Supports and Accommodations
21Additional Guidance for Transition Assessments Dr. Jim Martin, University of Oklahoma, stresses at least 4 important areas to assess:Self-determination skills – Self-awareness, Self-advocacy, Self-efficacy, Decision-making, Independent performance, Self-evaluation, AdjustmentCareer/vocational interests – reading, nonreading toolsBasic (overall) transition skills – all relevant adult life domainsFunctional vocational assessment (when indicated)– much more depthful evaluation for those needing itWhen Jim Martin did a workshop with Grants and Gallup districts last year, he encouraged them to think about 3 or 4 areas that are important to assess…Self-determination skill assessment tools are found with every curriculum (as one source), or specific observations may work.Ideas for tools for career interests and basic transition skills (adaptive behavior, etc.) follow.Functional vocational evaluation is for those few students who don’t provide enough helpful information through traditional assessment procedures.
22Example of Transition Assessment Results in PLAAFP DOMAINCommunityParticipationSTRENGTHSParent: Volunteers at Rec Center on weekends; supervisor reports great people skills and work attitudes. Student: Enjoy working with kids.Home/Indepen-dent LivingParent: Keeps room fairly clean, does family chores with little argument.Student: Do my chores; don’t know how to manage money very well.Jobs and Job TrainingStudent: worked as lifeguard in summerParent: Supervisor said good attendance, following directions, people skillsCounselor: ASVAB results showed high interests in human services, physical performance, and mgmt, with high aptitudes in human services & physical perf.Here’s an example of just a piece of the Student Profile section in the state IEP form, showing brief inf on present levels – strengths column only – in 3 areas. The first pieces of information are informal transition assessment information (the supervisor feedback) - written evaluations would be better, but this is still helpful info.The counselor provides highlights of a formal transition assessment’s results.
23Comprehensive Transition Assessment Tools Transition Planning Inventory-Revised (TPI-R)ProEd, Austin Texas (www.proedinc.com)Scales of Independent Behavior - RRiverside Publishing (http://www.riverpub.com)Informal Assessments for Transition PlanningEnderle-Severson Transition Rating FormCasey Life Skills Assessment
24Free Resources for Transition Assessment – Job Seekers >> Career Prospects System Occupational ProfilerU.S. Dept of Labor O*NET- Interest profiler, ability profilerArmed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB)– “Age Appropriate Transition Assessment Guide”– “Age Appropriate Transition Assessment” Fact Sheet
25Measurable postsecondary goals A Transition-Rich IEPAssessment/Present levels of achievementTransitionservices/linkageswithdesignatedresponsibility& timelinesMeasurable postsecondary goalsThese two bullets describe different facets of the same transition planning component – transition services/activities over time (Item 3 on the checklist), including the course of study.In particular, we need to highlight the designated responsibility requirement, so that our accountability is increased and we are consistent about inviting adult agencies in a timely manner.Long-term activities (e.g., instruction) and services, including course of study
26Transition Services and Linkages – Designated Responsibility Is the student likely to need outside agency services (for a successful transition) during the next year?For the current year, any evidence in IEP that representatives of any of the following agencies/services were invited to participate in the IEP development?Postsecondary education, vocational training, or continuing and adult educationIntegrated employment (including supported employment)Independent living or community participationNOTE: Must obtain consent to invite until IEP team member!The Indicator 13 checklist Item 4 asks these questions. If the student is too young to be inviting the pertinent agency or agencies, check N/A on the checklist.Parents (or the student if 18) must give written consent to invite any outside agencies for the first time. (Some schools obtain that consent the prior year as they forecast the need to invite those agencies the next year.)
27Measurable Transition Services and Linkages Must address categories of Instruction, Related Services, Community Experiences, and Employment/Other Adult Postschool AreasWhat does “address” mean?What does “measurable” mean in this section?Only address Daily Living and Functional Vocational Evaluation if appropriateThe first 4 categories are requirements to address.“Address” means providing information regarding the needed services/activities/linkages. If no services are needed for one of the required categories (eg., Related Services), the IEP team needs to briefly describe why none are needed.“Measurable” means that this section (including the course of study and along with the annual goals) is what makes us accountable for helping the student reach his/her postschool goals. Our accountability is secured by our listing each activity/strategy/linkage in observable terms (did it get done, yes or no) and by identifying the person(s) responsible, the timeframe, and the date it was accomplished (or reviewed).
28Example Transition Services/ Linkages Page (PED IEP form) Activities/Strategies:INSTRUCTIONAgency/Responsib.TimelinesDocumented Completion or Other-Teach Jana the Paraphrasing Strategy-Provide needed modifications and accommodations in core academic classes-Research, identify, & visit at least 3 colleges of interestSchool/special educator teacherSchool/general ed teachersJana (w/case mgr or transition specialist monitor)Sept-Oct. 2008Fall 2008Here are sample activities and their measurable components in one category (Instruction).
29Example Transition Services/ Linkages Page (PED IEP form) Activities/Strategies:EMPLOYMENTAgency/Responsib.TimelinesDocumented Completion or Other- Research, select, &complete one unpaidand one paid (ifpossible) internships inlaw enforcement areaof choice- Meet with DVRcounselor for eligibilitydetermination &possible collegesupportsJana (case mgr monitors)DVR counselor, Jana, parents (case mgr monitors)Spring 2009-Spring 2010Winter 2010Here are two more activities in a different category (Employment).Issues that need to be resolved around this component include:Since these are intended to be individualized, is there a need to list generic transition activities that all/most students complete (eg., annual interest inventories, attendance at college/career fair)?Once activities are completed, should they stay on this page for subsequent years, so that changing IEP team members can see the complete array of transition activities or should they move to the present levels section?How often should progress on these activities be reviewed, to ensure they get done?
30Transition Services Includes the Course of Study Student has already identified her/his postschool goalsCourse of study lists courses/other experiences for all the remaining years of high schoolHelps to annually document credits earned and progress toward graduationMust be individualized and linked to the student’s postschool goal(s)Similar to (supercedes) the Next Step Plan; typically problematic if a student does BOTH the Next Step Plan and the IEP transition planThe course of study is assessed by Item 6 on the checklist. Academic focus is usually easy to identify; functional achievement can be promoted by career/technical education, work-based or community-referenced learning, functional/life skills instruction, or related courses.The problem with a student doing both the Next Step Plan and the IEP transition planning is that they do not typically connect with each other – the student ends up with two disparate plans and can become confused, and the adults are duplicating efforts.
31Example Course of Study (PED IEP form) School YearCredits EarnedCourses Selected5.5Skills for Success (reading, future planning, personal mgmt)English I, Algebra I, P.E./Girls BasketballPhysical Science, U.S. HistoryEnglish II, Applied Math I, P.E./Girls Basketball, Keyboarding/Computer Literacy, Biology Concepts/Biology, World GeographyEnglish III, Geometry, Girls Basketball, Psychology/SociologySpanish I (1/2 cr.)/Government, Work Study (1/2 cr.)English IV, Algebra II, Culinary Essentials/Sewing, Clothing & Crafts, Public Speaking/Girls BasketballSpanish II (1 cr.), Work-Study (1 cr.)This serves as a graphic organizer for the student – s/he can envision completing year by year and moving through the system. More importantly, s/he sees a relationship between her/his postschool goal(s) and this course of study, which becomes motivating to stay in school.
32Measurable postsecondary goals A Transition-Rich IEPAssessment/Present levels of achievementTransitionservices &linkages,withdesignatedresponsibilities& timelinesAnnual IEP transition goalsMeasurable postsecondary goalsThe final component is having at least one annual goal linked to one or more postschool goal(s) (Item 2 on the checklist).Activities (e.g., instruction) and services each year, including course of study
33Annual Transition-Related Goals What needs to be achieved this year to help the student move toward his/her postsecondary goal(s)?What does s/he need to learn?Is the goal measurable?Is it outcome- rather than process-oriented?The annual goal(s) related to transition should not duplicate activities/strategies on the transition services/linkages page but may take one or more of those activities deeper, with much greater specificity and progress monitoring.
34Annual Transition-Related Goals – Examples Susan will master the skills of “information processing” in COMP 1001 with 95% accuracy, as measured by unit exams and final exam.Susan will demonstrate basic awareness of computing occupations to the counselor’s satisfaction as measured by an interview.Susan will identify 3 postsecondary educational programs for computing occupations in her careers class 9-week advisory meeting.Susan will articulate her accommodation needs in computing environments through her interview with the rehabilitation services counselor.These are a few general examples, with some measurability included.Can you identify which type of postschool goal each one of these relates to (further learning, employment, independent living)?
35More Annual Goals Examples Jana will increase her reading comprehension skill levels from 5.9 to 7.5 grade level equivalents by May 2009, in order to complete course and exam requirements for the standard pathway to the diploma and move into postsecondary learning as planned, as measured by her scores on the standards-based assessment.By April 2009, Jana will create and apply a process for analyzing her job shadow experiences, her results from transition assessments, and her visits to colleges to determine the most feasible area for planning an internship the following year, as measured by her comprehensive plan.
36Measurable postsecondary goals A Transition-Rich IEPAssessment/Present level of achievementTransitionservices &Linkages withDesignatedResponsibilities& timelinesAnnual IEP transition goalsMeasurable postsecondary goalsActivities (e.g., instruction) and services each year, including course of study
37Indicator 13 Data Collection Past years: used O’Leary and colleagues’ Transition Requirements ChecklistThis year and thereafter: will use NSTTAC Indicator 13 Checklist, Form BTrained trainer will either review IEP files alone to answer the checklist questions, or will train group to assist in data collection
38Indicator 13 Data UseUNM Institute for Public Policy enters and analyzes data, creates district data sheetsData are reported to NMPED Special Education Bureau for distribution in district profilesDistrict can request report-out session with larger audience offering chance for collaborative goal-setting for improvementQUESTIONS?
39Resources NSTTAC Indicator 13 Checklist O’Leary’s TOP’s checklist NSTTAC’s training materialsWeb-based examples and non-examples