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Worldview and Ethics. Definitions The Big PictureThe Big Picture The Power to Do Whats RightThe Power to Do Whats Right.

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Presentation on theme: "Worldview and Ethics. Definitions The Big PictureThe Big Picture The Power to Do Whats RightThe Power to Do Whats Right."— Presentation transcript:

1 Worldview and Ethics

2 Definitions The Big PictureThe Big Picture The Power to Do Whats RightThe Power to Do Whats Right

3 What is Ethics? The doctrines of morality or social mannersThe doctrines of morality or social manners The science of moral philosophy, which teaches men their duty and the reasons of itThe science of moral philosophy, which teaches men their duty and the reasons of it A system of rules for regulating the actions and manners of men in societyA system of rules for regulating the actions and manners of men in society Definitions from Noah Websters 1828 Dictionary

4 What is morality? Definition (Webster): duties of men in their social character; virtue; the quality of an action which renders it goodDefinition (Webster): duties of men in their social character; virtue; the quality of an action which renders it good Morality is not a concept in a vacuumMorality is not a concept in a vacuum Morality is part of a bigger pictureMorality is part of a bigger picture Morality is the outworking of our worldview.Morality is the outworking of our worldview.

5 What is a Worldview? · Paradigm: lenses to view the data · Everyone has a worldview. · It is the way you look at the world (weltanschauung). · A philosophical framework for filtering and categorizing data and experiences. · Defines the nature of reality according to that person. · First principles.

6 Three Basic Worldviews · Theism · Naturalism · Transcendentalism

7 Worldview leads to Morality Cause -> EffectCause -> Effect Belief -> ActionsBelief -> Actions Paradigm -> BehaviorParadigm -> Behavior Worldview -> Morality and EthicsWorldview -> Morality and Ethics

8 Theism · There is a God · There is nature · The two are separate and distinct, and both are real

9 Naturalism · There is no God · There is only nature · God is an illusion

10 Transcendentalism · There is only God · There is no nature · Nature is an illusion

11 Grand Metaphysical Stories · Theism · Creation - God made nature out of nothing · Naturalism · Evolution - Nature made itself out of nothing · Transcendentalism · Reincarnation - God made nothing - nature is an illusion - all are part of God

12 Morality and Christian Theism God is realGod is real He is the source of moralityHe is the source of morality God is morally perfect – He is the standardGod is morally perfect – He is the standard Morality is objectively realMorality is objectively real He instilled a moral sense in each of usHe instilled a moral sense in each of us We are not morally perfect – we sinWe are not morally perfect – we sin Love and self-sacrifice are central ethicsLove and self-sacrifice are central ethics

13 Morality and Naturalism Nature is realNature is real Individuals are the source of moralityIndividuals are the source of morality There is no moral perfection – we are our own standardThere is no moral perfection – we are our own standard Morality is subjective convention at best and illusory at worstMorality is subjective convention at best and illusory at worst Moral sense is a product of society and educationMoral sense is a product of society and education Survival and self-interest are central ethicsSurvival and self-interest are central ethics

14 Morality and Transcendentalism God is real, but an impersonal force.God is real, but an impersonal force. We as divine beings are the source of morality – if it feels right to you then it is right.We as divine beings are the source of morality – if it feels right to you then it is right. We are our own moral standard – external authority limits enlightenment, saps personal power, and denies our godhood.We are our own moral standard – external authority limits enlightenment, saps personal power, and denies our godhood. Morality is related to our karma.Morality is related to our karma. Moral sense is a product of our experience over various lifetimes. What appears to be evil in this life may be the opposite in another incarnation.Moral sense is a product of our experience over various lifetimes. What appears to be evil in this life may be the opposite in another incarnation. We are morally perfect, because everyone acts morally. We are all seeking our shortest path to the Divine.We are morally perfect, because everyone acts morally. We are all seeking our shortest path to the Divine. Do what you will is the central ethic. There is no right and wrong.Do what you will is the central ethic. There is no right and wrong.

15 Good and Worldview Transcendentalism – good and evil are opposites of the same coin, illusoryTranscendentalism – good and evil are opposites of the same coin, illusory Naturalism – individually determined, illusoryNaturalism – individually determined, illusory

16 Good and Worldview Christian Theism – good is a real property, because God is good. Evil is a privation of the good. God is not evil, nor originated evil in the worldChristian Theism – good is a real property, because God is good. Evil is a privation of the good. God is not evil, nor originated evil in the world Physical analogiesPhysical analogies Light and darkLight and dark Heat and coldHeat and cold

17 What is Man? Man in the generic sense.Man in the generic sense. Are humans inherently good or evil?Are humans inherently good or evil? Transcendentalists – meaningless questionTranscendentalists – meaningless question Naturalists – meaningless questionNaturalists – meaningless question Theists – a very important questionTheists – a very important question

18 Theistic Views of Man Classic liberalismClassic liberalism Man is inherently goodMan is inherently good Any vestige of evil is due to:Any vestige of evil is due to: Bad socializationBad socialization Bad socio-economic conditionsBad socio-economic conditions Bad educationBad education Remove these and man will naturally do good.Remove these and man will naturally do good. This view can be found in Christian circles not only by theological liberals, but also Methodists and Neo-Orthodox.This view can be found in Christian circles not only by theological liberals, but also Methodists and Neo-Orthodox.

19 Theistic Views of Man CalvinismCalvinism Man inherently evilMan inherently evil Man is completely fallen, including Gods image.Man is completely fallen, including Gods image. He is so fallen that he is incapable of goodHe is so fallen that he is incapable of good

20 Theistic Views of Man Biblical viewBiblical view Man is inherently both good and evilMan is inherently both good and evil He is fallen, but still in the image of God; tainted by sinHe is fallen, but still in the image of God; tainted by sin He is capable of good and evil, but has a tendency toward evil.He is capable of good and evil, but has a tendency toward evil. He is like an onionHe is like an onion

21 The Power to Do Whats Right

22 We Know What Is Right We know what is rightWe know what is right We dont always do what is rightWe dont always do what is right This is the human dilemmaThis is the human dilemma

23 The Human Dilemma St. Paul reflected the human dilemma wellSt. Paul reflected the human dilemma well In fact, I dont understand why I act the way I do. I dont do what I know is right. I do the things I hate...What a miserable person I am. Who will rescue me from this body that is doomed to die? Thank God! Jesus Christ will rescue me Romans 7

24 The Difference All great religions teach moral codesAll great religions teach moral codes Why is being a follower of Jesus Christ any different than being Jewish, Muslim, Hindu, or Buddhist?Why is being a follower of Jesus Christ any different than being Jewish, Muslim, Hindu, or Buddhist? Following Jesus Christ is more than religionFollowing Jesus Christ is more than religion Following Jesus Christ is a relationshipFollowing Jesus Christ is a relationship He gives His followers power to liveHe gives His followers power to live

25 Moral Facts About Jesus Christ He proposed the highest moral teaching of anyone in history.He proposed the highest moral teaching of anyone in history. He actually lived his moral philosophy.He actually lived his moral philosophy. How could he do it?How could he do it? Jesus was the Creator God of the Universe who took on human form to visit us.Jesus was the Creator God of the Universe who took on human form to visit us. Since God is morally perfect, Jesus lived a morally perfect life.Since God is morally perfect, Jesus lived a morally perfect life. Consequently, he knows how to live rightly.Consequently, he knows how to live rightly.

26 Moral Facts About Jesus Christ Jesus told his disciples that it is to their advantage that he leave them.Jesus told his disciples that it is to their advantage that he leave them. The perfect, all-loving, all-powerful God of the Universe was localized in a body, so was restricted by that body.The perfect, all-loving, all-powerful God of the Universe was localized in a body, so was restricted by that body. Once unembodied God promised he would return to his children by his Holy Spirit to:Once unembodied God promised he would return to his children by his Holy Spirit to: Comfort themComfort them Teach themTeach them Never leave them or forsake themNever leave them or forsake them The God of the Universe would take up residence in them.The God of the Universe would take up residence in them.

27 The Difference The perfect, all-loving, all-powerful God of the Universe lives in each of his children.The perfect, all-loving, all-powerful God of the Universe lives in each of his children. He does not force his way on us, but if we willingly allow him to live his life through us we can live as we ought to live. He knows how to live up to his own standard.He does not force his way on us, but if we willingly allow him to live his life through us we can live as we ought to live. He knows how to live up to his own standard. Only Gods children have Gods Spirit in them, but anyone can be Gods child if they want to be.Only Gods children have Gods Spirit in them, but anyone can be Gods child if they want to be.

28 Living By His Spirit You are no longer ruled by your desires, but by Gods Spirit, who lives in you. People who dont have the Spirit of Christ in them dont belong to him. But Christ lives in you. So you are alive because God has accepted you, even though your bodies must die because of your sins...My dear friends, we must not live to satisfy our desires. If you do, you will die. But you will live, if by the help of Gods Spirit you say No to your desires. Only those people who are led by Gods Spirit are his children (Romans 8:9, 10, 12-14).

29 Why So Much Scandal (Revisited)? Two reasons that America has such moral problemsTwo reasons that America has such moral problems Christians are ignorant of the power of God within them.Christians are ignorant of the power of God within them. Too many people think they are Christians, but have, in fact, embraced a caricature of Christianity.Too many people think they are Christians, but have, in fact, embraced a caricature of Christianity. Religion does not make one a ChristianReligion does not make one a Christian Relationship doesRelationship does

30 My Story I grew up in a Lutheran family, but this did not make me a true follower of Jesus Christ.I grew up in a Lutheran family, but this did not make me a true follower of Jesus Christ. During my senior year in high school a friend of mine explained to me:During my senior year in high school a friend of mine explained to me: How I could have my sins forgivenHow I could have my sins forgiven Have fellowship with God directly and personallyHave fellowship with God directly and personally Have power to live as Christ livedHave power to live as Christ lived Have a home in heaven when I diedHave a home in heaven when I died

31 My Story I wanted that, and on June 30, 1980 I began my relationship with Jesus Christ.I wanted that, and on June 30, 1980 I began my relationship with Jesus Christ. This is a revolutionary conceptThis is a revolutionary concept Jesus said I tell you for certain that before you can get into Gods kingdom, you must be born not only by water, but by the Spirit. Humans give life to their children. Yet only Gods Spirit can change you into a child of God (John 3:5, 6).

32 My Story My life has been an adventure ever since.My life has been an adventure ever since. I am not perfect, but He who lives through me is. This is the foundation for morality. If I allow Jesus to live His perfect moral life through me I will do what I would not naturally do: live rightly.I am not perfect, but He who lives through me is. This is the foundation for morality. If I allow Jesus to live His perfect moral life through me I will do what I would not naturally do: live rightly.

33 Conclusion Every great teacher and every institution teaches on four main points:Every great teacher and every institution teaches on four main points: What is knowledge?What is knowledge? What is the nature of reality?What is the nature of reality? Who is well off?Who is well off? Whos a really good person?Whos a really good person?

34 Conclusion Jesus has the most defensible answers to all these questions.Jesus has the most defensible answers to all these questions. He has them in a form that constitutes knowledge. He has brought them into the world, and we have the opportunity of representing them.He has them in a form that constitutes knowledge. He has brought them into the world, and we have the opportunity of representing them. The Old Rugged Cross is where the best heart in the universe revealed itself, and invited everyone to step in. There is nothing you are going to hear anywhere that comes remotely close to that.The Old Rugged Cross is where the best heart in the universe revealed itself, and invited everyone to step in. There is nothing you are going to hear anywhere that comes remotely close to that. Where else can you have the power to live as you know you ought to live?Where else can you have the power to live as you know you ought to live?


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