LIBERIA RECONSTRUCTION CONFERENCE - A Presentation by National Transitional Government of Liberia (NTGL)
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 2 OUTLINE Part I: – THE TRANSITION CONTEXT Part II: – NEEDS ASSESSMENT Part III: – RESULTS-FOCUSED TRANSITION FRAMEWORK Part IV: – NEXT STEPS
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 3 I: THE TRANSITION CONTEXT Background to the Transition Stakeholders in the Process
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 4 The Background Decades of peace, prosperity and good neighbourliness Policy failures, bad governance and poverty Years devastating civil war Failed political transition A NEW BEGINNING: The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (Accra, August 2003).
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 5 Stakeholders Liberian People – National Transition Government of Liberia (NTGL) – The Former Warring Factions – Civil Society Organisations (including women, labour, & youth organisations; CBOs, special interest groups, the media and political parties). – Local Private Sector and Business Groups Local and International NGOs Regional Groupings – AU, ECOWAS and MRU United Nations, World Bank and IMF International Community
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 6 II: NEEDS ASSESSMENT PROCESS The Vision Focus Guiding Principles Methodology Structure and Organisation Priority Sectors Cross-Cutting Themes Key Outputs
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 7 The Vision A secure and enabling environment leading to democratic elections and recovery through the scrupulous implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement under a cohesive, accountable and adequately resourced Transition Government at the service of the Liberian people.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 8 The Focus Implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the UN Security Council Resolution 1509. Two-year, transition period January 2004 – December 2005 National priorities over the transition period Funding gaps (humanitarian emergency, recovery and reconstruction) Capacity building and absorptive potential Results-orientation.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 9 Guiding Principles National ownership and participation NTGL leadership Broad support from all partners: One team approach. Legitimacy: Immediate recapacitation of key agencies and institutions of Government. Security: Safe and secure access across the country through full deployment by UNMIL Economic stimulus: Restoration of productive capabilities. Humanitarian support and protection of vulnerable and special groups.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 10Methodology Review of baseline documents Govt-commissioned thematic reports and inputs Sector working papers Limited field observations Focus group consultations Thematic workshops National stakeholder consultations (NTLA, former warring factions, ministers, heads of public corporations and autonomous agencies, political parties, private sector, CSO/CBOs, market women and special interest groups, etc.) High-level summit Use of local expertise, international consultants and advisory services from UN System, WB and IMF
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 11 Structure and Organisation Overarching National Character – NTGL Inter-Ministerial Coordinating Committee – Inter-Ministerial Technical Coordination Committee – Sector Working Groups – Inter-Agency Working Group (IAWG) Robust International Support – International Liaison Group – Donor Core Group – Technical Working Group
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 12 Priority Sectors 1. DDRR 2. Repatriation, Reintegration, Rehabilitation & Reconstruction for Refugees and IDPs 3. Governance and Rule of Law 4. Water & Sanitation 5. Health & Nutrition 6. Education 7. Agriculture, Food Security, Environmental Conservation and Water Resources 8. Sustainable Livelihoods & Employment Generation 9. Electricity 10. Telecommunications 11. Transport 12. Economic Management 13. Banking & Finance
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 13 Cross-cutting Themes Gender Environment Human Rights HIV/AIDS Shelter, Housing & Property Rights Timber Production and Management Media Development
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 14 Key Outputs of the Needs Assessment WORKING DOCUMENTS Thematic Papers Sector Working Papers CONFERENCE DOCUMENTS Synthesis Report Results-Focused Transition Framework (RFTF)
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 15 III: RESULTS-FOCUSED TRANSITION FRAMEWORK (RFTF) The Tool The Nine Clusters Expected Results Risks Key Messages
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 16 The RFTF Tool Identifies key result areas Reflects integrated character of national priorities Links the humanitarian with the recovery and reconstruction imperatives Specifies results and outcomes for the transition period Concretises national transitional programme into time-bound action plan Outlines key responsibilities and provides rallying point for major actors and decision makers Provides instrument for partnership, resource mobilisation, monitoring and mutual accountability
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 17 The RFTF Clusters 1. Security 2. Disarmament, Demobilisation, Rehabilitation and Reintegration Process 3. Repatriation,Reintegration, Rehabilitation, and Reconstruction - Refugees, Returnees and IDPs 4. Good Governance and Democratic Development 5. Elections 6. Basic Services 7. Restoration of Productive Capacity 8. Infrastructure 9. Economic Policy & Development Strategy
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 18 1. Security: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Greater security, free and safe access across the country through full UNMIL troop deployment (14,750 troops by 28 February, 2004) Restructured, professional armed forces Increased public and business confidence
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 19 2. DDRR : Expected Results (2004 - 05) Successful disarmament and demobilisation (of estimated 38,000 - 53,000 female and male ex-combatants of which approximately 21,000 are child ex-combatants) by Dec. 2004 Collection of estimated 70,000 weapons by Dec. 2004 Counselling and referral services for ex- combatants Rehabilitation of disabled ex-combatants Reintegration of ex-combatants by Dec. 2005.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 20 3. Repatriation, Reintegration, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Immediate, restorative support (transport, household items, food assistance) to up to an estimated 350, 000 returning Liberian refugees, 73,000 third country refugees and 490,000 IDPs. Social protection and legal support for returnees, refugees and host communities. Training and deployment of community mobilisers to work in 720 communities of nine counties. Effective returnee monitoring in all resettlement areas Coordinated transition recovery and community empowerment projects in all15 counties.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 21 4a. Political & Administrative Governance: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Restructured, recapacitated, professional and merit -based public service and national institutions. Capacity building for the legislative, judicial and executive branches of government. Strengthened national human rights institutions, rule of law and protection as well as conflict prevention mechanisms. Foundations for a professional, independent and credible judiciary. Foundations laid for a credible police service Functional correction system established Access to legal aid by all, especially women and vulnerable groups. Two criminal courts re-established Enhanced public-private partnership for development Governance Reform and the Truth and Reconciliation Commissions operational
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 22 4b. Economic & Local Governance: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Improved capacity and accountability for planning, budgeting and resource management at all levels Contracts and Monopolies Commission operational Rebuilding projects completed in 720 communities Increased human rights awareness at the local level Strong, vibrant and involved CSOs/CBOs with increased access to information
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 23 5. Elections: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Legal, organisational framework for credible elections under UN supervision and management Electoral offices opened with fully trained staff in 15 counties Intensive civic and voter education Efficient resource mobilisation for well managed, transparent and credible elections Successful transition to democratically elected Government.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 24 6a. Basic Social Services: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Basic Social Services cover education, health, nutrition and water and sanitation. Strengthened management and delivery of basic social services Improved revenue generation and control Rehabilitation/construction of 2,500 wells and 9,000 drop holes in rural communities; 75% of population in six main urban areas secure access to regular household water treatment Eradication of sewage contamination in Monrovia, and solid waste cleared in other urban areas Enhanced institutional capacity for primary health care and healthcare management systems Nation-wide action to address HIV/AIDS, malaria, TB, mental illness, childhood conditions, and malnutrition. Rehabilitation and equipping of 6 hospitals and 50 health clinics in selected communities.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 25 6b. Basic Social Services: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Three health training centres established. Rehabilitation of the school system for full resumption, expanded access, functional quality and better management Rehabilitation of 450 Primary and Secondary schools, 6 vocational institutes; 500 badly damaged Primary and Secondary schools are reconstructed. Three Teacher Training institutes are rehabilitated and 18,000 teachers are trained on the rapid educational response Teachers Guide. 750,000 children receive emergency education supplies. Policy and institutional framework for higher education developed
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 26 7. Restoration of Productive Capacity: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Policy framework in place to address critical sector priorities including agricultural diversification. Capacity support to bolster tree crop production, community forestry, livestock rehabilitation, artisanal maritime fishing, start-up inputs for high market value crops, post-harvest activities and market access as well as environmental protection. Optimal support to resuscitate socio-economic activities and boost employment opportunities through skill acquisition, micro-credit and safety nets in all 15 counties. Effective labour intensive feeder road construction and reconstruction community resource centers. Conducive environment for domestic and private investment in natural resource development and processing through agriculture. Fully trained, supported and constructively engaged youth, especially in high risk areas. Rehabilitation of rural shelters; design and construction of new ones.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 27 8a. Infrastructure: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Restoration of electricity services in Monrovia, and extension to rural areas. Existing power plants rehabilitated Rebuilt LEC capacities to manage and develop electricity sector Restoration of stable road management, periodic maintenance systems Rehabilitation/upgrade of selected roads and bridges. Preparatory work for routine maintenance of 3834km paved roads and rehabilitation of 750 km primary networks
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 28 8b. Infrastructure: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Enhanced capacity to manage air and sea ports Rehabilitation/repair of 15 licensed airport runways and tug boats. Establishment of appropriate regulatory framework for telecommunications services Restoration of fixed telephone services Rebuilt LWSC capacity to manage urban water supply sector, extend and increase services in Monrovia as well as in secondary cities. 6 piped water systems rehabilitated serving 290,000 people Regular water treatment.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 29 9a. Economic policy & Development Strategy: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Results-oriented budget and expenditure framework Effective legislative control over the budget Functioning banking and financial system based on clear international prudential regulations Computerized accounting system established and 3 regional offices of the Ministry of Finance opened. Decentralised public procurement system Rationalised and effective public enterprises Independent and effective audit agency
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 30 9b. Economic policy & Development Strategy: Expected Results (2004 - 05) Options for policies and improved management, oversight and accountability of the forest sector, maritime and mineral resources for national benefit and environmental sustainability Framework for resuming commercial forestry activities which form basis of efforts to secure removal of timber sanctions Enhanced national statistical and information system for economic planning and development management Foundations for longer-term development including work on an Interim Liberia Poverty Reduction Strategy.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 31Risks Failure to adhere to tenets of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement Delayed / limited troop deployment and lack of internal security Relapse into factional wrangling / hostilities Failed DDRR process Regional instability Inadequate or uncoordinated international support (political + financial) Lack of accountability and transparency in handling of public resources
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 32 Key Messages The RFTF reflects the key priority areas for the short-to-medium term reconstruction of Liberia agreed upon by stakeholders. Successful implementation will only be possible in an atmosphere of complete cooperation, peace and stability. Liberians now have a historic opportunity to rebuild their country with the full support of the international community.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 33 THIS IS PROBABLY LIBERIAS LAST CHANCE BUT CERTAINLY THE BEST OPPORTUNITY YET !
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 34 IV: NEXT STEPS High-level Summit: Monrovia, 08 January 2004 International Liaison Group Meeting: New York, 15 January 2004 Liberia Reconstruction Conference: New York, 05-06 February 2004 Development of comprehensive and participatory mechanism for RFTF implementation and monitoring: Monrovia, June 2004. Implementation of the RFTF based on outcomes of the Liberia Reconstruction Conference: Monrovia, January 2004 – Dec. 2005.
NTGL Presentation: Monrovia, January 2004 35 THANK YOU!!!