2 Reconstruction in Iraq Following the launch of the revised Humanitarian Appeal for Iraq on 23 June 2003, the focus of the UN efforts has shifted towards promoting an effective transition towards recovery and reconstruction.
3 Needs Assessments Carried out through a partnership between the World Bank and UN Development Group. Under the overall coordination of SRSG Sergio Vieira de Mello and Humanitarian Coordinator, Ramiro Lopes da Silva.
4 Focus of Needs Assessments: 2004 priority needs and funding requirements. Capacity building and livelihood generation. Beyond 2004 preliminary outline of the reconstruction, rehabilitation and investment needs.
5 Guiding Principles The Assessments will focus on quantifying the budgetary needs within each sector for 2004 while giving priority to: Iraqi participation and ownership the establishment of the necessary policy and regulatory framework; institutional needs; the reconstruction or expansion of essential social infrastructure and services; the protection of the vulnerable during the transition phase; and the immediate creation of employment opportunities; humanitarian assistance requirements that may exist beyond the duration of the revised humanitarian appeal, 31 December 2003.
6 Priority Sectors 1. Health 2. Education 3. Agriculture, Water Resources & Food Security 4. Mine Action 5. Water Supply & Sanitation 6. Macroeconomics 7. Economic management 8. Investment Climate & State Owned Enterprises 9. Banking & Finance 10. Transport & Telecommunications 11. Electricity 12. Livelihoods & Employment Generation 13. Housing 14. Institutional Capacity Building & Rule of Law
7 Health Participants: WHO, World Bank, UNICEF, UNEP, UNFPA, FAO Key Issues: Subsectors: Primary Health Care & Reproductive Health Focus on content: curriculum and methods of teaching, protocols for health care, and clinical or nursing practice Focus on structures: rehabilitation of damaged buildings and ensuring that they are connected to basic services Focus on recurrent financial needs for services to operate Focus on human resources: development of skills and linkage to the outside world Focus on support systems: getting essential supplies to where they are needed and ensuring adequate voice and email communication Task Manager: David Nabarro, WHO
8 Education Participants: World Bank, UNICEF, UNESCO Key Issues: Infrastructure: For all levels of education School equipment and materials. Administration and teachers salaries and training. Data Management Task Manager: Jeffrey Waite, World Bank
9 Agriculture, Water Resources & Food Security Participants: FAO, World Bank, WFP, UNEP Key Issues: Agriculture development, and increasing rural incomes and employment, especially of the poor Irrigation and Water Resources Development Trade and price policies Institutional development and efficient provision of public services Food Security and safety nets Task Manager: Daud Khan, FAO
11 Water Supply & Sanitation Participants: UNICEF, UNOPS, UNDP, UNEP, World Bank, UNIDO, HABITAT Key Issues: Urban Water production/distribution/quality Urban Waste water collection/treatment/disposal-use Rural Water and Sanitation Solid waste management Institutional aspects and community participation Financing/Tariffs Task Manager: Carel de Rooy, UNICEF
12 Macroeconomics Participants: IMF, World Bank, UNDP Key Issues: Macroeconomic framework for 2004 Sectoral projections on expected developments in: balance of payments, monetary, fiscal and real sectors Discussion of the policy framework supporting the macroeconomic projections described above Identification of the technical assistance needs in the fiscal, monetary, and statistical areas, to implement the macroeconomic framework. Task Manager: Lorenzo Perez, IMF
13 Economic Management Participant:World Bank, IMF Key Issues: Focus on Trade Focus on Pricing Focus on Safety Net Task Manager: Saumya Mitra, World Bank
14 Investment Climate & State Owned Enterprises (SOE) Participants: World Bank, IFC, UNIDO Key Issues: Update knowledge base on SOEs Size (VA, contribution to GDP, employment, assets/liabilities) Review status of SOEs Evaluation of options: Liquidation, direct privatization, restructuring for future privatisation, remain in public hands Evaluation of employment/unemployment issues related to SOEs Task Manager: Zoubida Alloua, World Bank
15 Banking & Finance Participants: World Bank, IFC Key Issues: Banking Stock Market (currently closed) Insurance (property, casualty, etc.) Pension Systems Housing Finance Municipal Financing Microfinance /SMEs Task Manager: Samir El-Daher, World Bank
16 Transport & Telecommunications Participants: World Bank, UNDP, ITU Key Issues: Projected Capital and recurrent expenditures/revenues in the 2 sectors Institutional and policy issues on infrastructure Contribution of the 2 sectors to the rest of the economy Task Manager: Mohammed Feghoul, World Bank
17 Electricity Participants: UNDP, World Bank, UNEP Key Issues: Number of employees / staff currently in the power sector Additional information on fuel consumption and quality of available fuel Extent of damage caused to Iraq substation system State of the Transmission lines especially in areas where incidents of looting continue to cause disruption Task Manager: Michel Gautier, UNDP
18 Livelihoods & Employment Generation Participants: UNDP, UNEP, ILO, UNICEF, UNOPS, HABITAT, UNHCR Key Issues: Employment: Special attention to vulnerable groups Social protection for vulnerable groups Short term priority needs: Immediate employment; reintegration and income generation projects for the return of IDPs and refugees; Mobilizing and reintegrating demobilized soldiers and dismissed civil servants; Reconciliation, Truth Commissions; Emergency rehabilitation of public buildings; Employment for housing opportunities; Mapping of land mines to eliminate that obstacle to returning to work; Public works program. Task Manager: Francis Dubois, UNDP
19 Housing Participants: HABITAT, World Bank, UNEP Key Issues: Urban Management Housing Policy Land Titles, Evictions and Property Restitution Housing Finance Task Manager: Chris Williams, HABITAT
20 Institutional Capacity Building & Rule of Law Participants: UNDP, OHCHR, HABITAT, IOM, UNIFEM, UNOPS, UNICEF, ILO, UNEP Key Issues: Local Governance Rule of Law Civil Society & Media Task Manager: Oscar Fernandez Taranco, UNDP
21 Cross-Cutting Themes Gender (UNIFEM) Environment (UNEP) Human rights (OHCHR) Capacity Analysis of Government Institutions & Civil Society Organizations
22 Methodology The assessments will be done using a variety of methods, including: Limited external missions to Iraq Desk studies and review and analysis of available data and information Use of local UN staff, and local consultants Close collaboration with government technical staff and the CPA Interaction with civil society and NGOs working in Iraq
23 Member State Participation Up to 20 external experts nominated by interested member states will be joining the Needs Assessment Missions. Focal point for Members States will be Mr. Nick Krafft, in the World Bank, and Ms. Sally Fegan-Wyles, with the UNDGO, and the Office of the HCI in Baghdad. Member states that have a presence in Baghdad will be invited to the stakeholders workshops. Member States will have additional access to information through: periodic briefings, through the Liaison Group, on the progress made. access to the UNDG webpage that will provide information on the needs assessments and act as the forum for information exchange. briefings as requested during any meetings and consultations that may take place before October.
24 Stakeholder Participation UNDG Website: http://iraq.undg.org Liaison Group Stakeholder conferences Existing humanitarian information channels
25 Time Line JulyAugustSeptemberOctober Needs Assessments Stakeholders Meetings Donor Conference Sector Reports