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2 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Presentation Objectives Discuss the Plug in Hybrid (PHEV) Sprinter Path.

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Presentation on theme: "2 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Presentation Objectives Discuss the Plug in Hybrid (PHEV) Sprinter Path."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Presentation Objectives Discuss the Plug in Hybrid (PHEV) Sprinter Path To Commercial Remind us all to the Energy Security and Environmental Benefits of Electric Transportation Validate that Electric Transportation through the PHEV - Has Substance Establish a Call for Action

3 3 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. U.S. Map of Air QualityA Ready Market for Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles (PHEV) U.S. Counties that do not meet eight-hour ozone standards

4 4 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Nitrogen Oxide Emissions

5 5 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. South Coast Air Basin Ground-Level Ozone

6 6 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Estimated Risk (Cancer) Model Source: South Coast Air Quality Management District

7 7 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Projected Transportation Oil Use

8 8 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Electric Drive Technology = Meeting the Need for Energy Security and Environmental Quality of Life with Electricity as a Primary Energy Source Battery Electric Vehicles Combustion Engine Hybrid Electric Vehicles Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Plug-in Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicles Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicles

9 Dodge Plug-In Hybrid Electric Sprinter 9 Plug-In Hybrid Drive - Train Internal Combustion Engine PM Synchronous electric motor Automatic Transmission) Cardan shaft Transmission cross bar and bearing Vacuum pump

10 10 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. PHEV vs. Hybrid and Conventional Gallons of Gasoline Consumed Gallons Number of Vehicles HEV – Hybrid Electric Vehicle HEV 20 - 20 Miles All Electric Range

11 11 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. PHEV vs. Hybrid and Conventional Barrels of Oil Consumed Barrels of Oil Number of Vehicles HEV – Hybrid Electric Vehicle HEV20 – 20 Miles All Electric Range

12 12 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. PHEV vs. Hybrid and Conventional Tons of CO 2 Produced Tons of CO 2 Number of Vehicles HEV – Hybrid Electric Vehicle HEV20 – 20 Miles All Electric Range

13 13 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved.,.. The Dodge Plug-in Hybrid Sprinter

14 14 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. PHEV Sprinter – Path to Commercialization Design, build, and field test six prototype PHEV Sprinter Vans with 20 miles of electric range. Leverage multiple sources for financial resources –EPRI, South Coast AQMD, DOT, LIPA, SCE, CARB, NYPA, & DaimlerChrysler Phase 2 – 30 Vehicle Alliance –Build and test 30 PHEV Sprinters with next level of technology –Capture data validating performance Phase 3 – 100 Vehicle Fleet Evaluation

15 15 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. DaimlerChrysler – EPRI PHEV Program DaimlerChrysler is committed to bring a PHEV Sprinter Van to market The following overheads were developed and presented by DaimlerChryslers senior management to utility, transit, government and military fleet customers Presentation based on DCs internal analysis Confirms level of participation by DCA path to commercialization exists

16 Dodge Plug-In Hybrid Electric Sprinter January 2005 previously unpublished

17 Dodge Plug-In Hybrid Electric Sprinter 17 DaimlerChrysler is committed to develop the vehicle propulsion systems for the future DaimlerChrysler activities are committed to support the development of sustainable mobility, which includes the following issues: Continuous optimization of the internal combustion engine (ICE) Improvement of fuel quality worldwide Introduction of CO 2 -neutral bio fuels Further development of hybrid propulsion systems (ICE / electric motor) Introduction of Fuel Cell technology There is a trend towards alternative drivetrains: Legal regulations are tightening, emission regulations are getting stronger, entry restriction in cities are increasing and tax and toll for conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles are rising. Hybrid drivetrains represent a mid-term usable alternative. This enables the development of electric motors, power management systems and batteries which will help facilitates the long-term introduction of fuel cell drivetrains.

18 Dodge Plug-In Hybrid Electric Sprinter 18 DaimlerChrysler and EPRI-Project Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA ( EPRI see, at www.epri.com) Phase I – Technical and market feasibility study – currently under way Other key project partners Kansas City Area Transportation Authority (KCATA, see at www.kcata.org) Metropolitan Energy Center (see www.kcenergy.org) Southern California Edison (SCE, see www.sce.com) South Coast Air Quality Management District (AQMD, see www.aqmd.gov) Phase II – Extension up to 30 more field evaluation vehicles in the US – planned after completion of Phase I until end of 2006 Customers (among others): Large Fleets Utility Companies Transit Authorities

19 Dodge Plug-In Hybrid Electric Sprinter 19 Technical and Market Feasibility Study Schweinfurt (ZF Sachs) Hannover Kansas City Los Angeles Cargo Van 8,550 lbs 140 inches Gasoline 4th vehicle Cargo Van 8,550 lbs 140 inches Gasoline 5th vehicle Cargo Van with bus body Braun 8,550 lbs 158 inches Diesel 3rd vehicle 1st IAA Testing 3.5t/3550 mm Diesel KaWa 3.5t 3550m m Diesel 2nd vehicle Cargo Van 8,550 lbs 158 inches Diesel 6th vehicle

20 Dodge Plug-In Hybrid Electric Sprinter 20 Clutch and E-motor 70 kW First Study: The Plug-In Hybrid Sprinter ICE Charge portOn-board charger Transmission

21 21 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Commercialization – Critical Actions –Certification – the vehicle must be certified by the federal agencies permitting credit for the miles traveled as an electric vehicle form emission perspective; –EPAct (Energy Policy Act) qualification as a dual- fuel vehicle. A PHEV meets the intent of EPAct, the information must be provided to the U.S. Department of Energy for a formal ruling; –Emission testing – the emission profile and advantages of a PHEV operating in urban areas must be carefully documented and reported, including recommendations on test protocols for the accurate characterization of PHEV operation.

22 22 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Commercialization – Critical Actions –Data Collection – On board data collection that validates the modeling that been done for the past 4 years. –Data Analysis – Applying the lessons learned from the initial testing to make the 30 then 100 the best they can be. –Confidence Building – Providing the data in easily understood but totally credible manner to commercial fleet operators –Business Case to Drive a Mass Production Program – use the data to justify the development of PHEV drive systems in consumer products in order to achieve component volume and lower costs.

23 23 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Plug in Hybrids are Drawing Significant Attention USA TodayCBSNews.com Slate.comNewsweek Forbes.comThe Economist Christian Science MonitorNational Public Radio Motor Trend (twice)IEEE Spectrum Regional news papers including: L.A. Times, Sacramento Bee, San Jose Mercury News, Minnesota Star Tribune, Albuquerque Journal, Austin Business Journal, Dallas Morning News Independent Studies think highly of PHEVs –National Commission on Energy Policy –California Air Resources Board AB1493 staff report –Institute for Life Cycle Environmental Assessment

24 24 Copyright © 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Transportation Energy Resources – Three Options for Sustainability, Low Greenhouse Gas 1.Bio and other synthetic fuels that avoid or sequester GHG Quantities may be too limited 2.Hydrogen End-use technologies are long-term Storage is difficult National infrastructure is extremely expensive 3.Electricity Supplies adequate, especially off-peak Energy efficiency is extremely high PHEV rollout does NOT require utility investment in charging infrastructure PLUG-IN HYBRIDS THE LOGICAL CHOICE


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