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Common Core State Standards Math A Parents Guide

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CREC SCHOOLS Agenda Overview of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for Mathematics Shifts for Math with Examples What CREC is Doing to Implement the CCSS Parent Resources

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CREC SCHOOLS Math Energizer CCSS: Myth or Fact? Teachers were involved in writing the standards. The standards tell teachers what to teach. This will result in a national curriculum. Key math topics are missing or are taught in the wrong grade. There are textbooks available now that are aligned to the standards.

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CREC SCHOOLS State-led, beginning in 2009 Coordinated by – Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) – National Governors Association (NGA) Adopted by Connecticut in 2010 Common Core State Standards Initiative

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CREC SCHOOLS We are in Good Company!

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CREC SCHOOLS Why Now? NAEP Results – Only 23% of nation reads above proficiency (NAEP Report, 2010) – Only 40% of grade 4 students and 35% of grade 8 students scored above proficiency in math (NAEP Report, 2011) International Comparisons – Only 19 of 100 students entering college graduate; US is now 16th internationally in terms of college completion rates (Calkins, 2011) Expectations among States – Academic Standards – AYP

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CREC SCHOOLS Features of the CCSS Aligned with college and work expectations Focused and coherent Include rigorous content and application of knowledge through high-order thinking skills Build upon strengths and lessons of current state standards Based on evidence and research 7

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CREC SCHOOLS Features of the CCSS Internationally benchmarked so that all students are prepared to succeed in our global economy and society Provide opportunity to significantly improve the quality and usefulness of large-scale assessments, professional development, and resources 8

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CREC SCHOOLS CCSS for Mathematics Two sets of equally important standards – Content Standards Grade level specific Focus areas for each grade level – Practice Standards Consistent Kindergarten through Grade 12 Describe the mathematically proficient student Mathematical habits of mind

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CREC SCHOOLS Key Points for CCSS Mathematics K-5 Standards These standards provide students with a solid foundation in whole numbers, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions and decimalswhich help young students build the foundation to successfully apply more demanding math concepts and procedures, and move into applications. Middle School Standards These standards provide a coherent and rich preparation for high school mathematics. Having built a strong foundation K-5, students can do hands on learning in geometry, algebra and probability and statistics. Students who have completed and mastered the content and skills of 7th grade will be well- prepared for algebra in grade 8.

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CREC SCHOOLS Key Shifts in Mathematics Focus – Focus strongly where the Standards focus Coherence – Think across grades, and link to major topics within grades Rigor – Require fluency, application, and deep understanding

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Examples of the Shifts Focus Grade Level Number of Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) under the 2005 CT Framework Number of Standards under the Common Core State StandardsPercent Change Kindergarten 3522-37% Grade 1 3821-45% Grade 2 4226-38% Grade 3 4325-42% Grade 4 4428-36% Grade 5 4226-38% Grade 6 4629-37% Grade 7 4624-48% Grade 8 4628-39%

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Examples of the Shifts Coherence Grade 1Grade 2Grade 3 Partition circles and rectangles into two or four equal shares, describe the shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters, and use the phrases half-of, fourth of, and quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares. Understand for these examples that decomposing into more equal shares creates smaller shares. Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, and four equal shares, describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc., and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. Grade 1 Tell and write time in hours and half-hours using analog and digital clocks. Grade 3 Recognize area as an attribute of plane figures and understand concepts of area measurement

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Examples of the Shifts Rigor GradeRequired Fluency KAdd/subtract within 5 1Add/subtract within 10 2 Add/subtract within 20 Add/subtract within 100 (pencil and paper) 3 Multiply/divide within 100 Add/subtract within 1000 4Add/subtract within 1,000,000 5Multi-digit multiplication 6 Multi-digit division Multi-digit decimal operations 7Solve px + q = r, p(x + q) = r 8Solve simple 2 2 systems by inspection

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CREC SCHOOLS Examples of the Shifts Rigor Traditional U.S. Problem Which fraction is closer to 1: 4/5 or 5/4 ? Same Problem with CCSS integration 4/5 is closer to 1 than is 5/4. Using a number line, explain why this is so.

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CREC SCHOOLS Examples of the Shifts Rigor Traditional U.S. Problem What is the area of figure Q? Same Problem with CCSS integration Mia said Figure Q and R have equal areas and equal perimeters. She supported her thinking by saying that any two figures made of an equal number of unit squares always have equal areas and equal perimeters. Is Mia correct? Use pictures, numbers and words to explain why or why not.

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CREC SCHOOLS CCSS: What CREC Is Doing Learning the CCSS – Looking at grade level standards and identifying similarities, differences, concerns at each grade level – Unwrapping new standards and instructional practices that best support the new standards – Professional development through workshops and a book study

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CREC SCHOOLS CCSS: What CREC Is Doing Curriculum Changes – Kindergarten changed last year – Grades 1 – 5 this year – Common resources were purchased for teachers to supplement Everyday Math – Teachers meet with me prior to each unit

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CREC SCHOOLS Resources for Parents Common Core – www.corestandards.org www.corestandards.org Parent Brochures from the National PTA – www.pta.org/4996.htm www.pta.org/4996.htm Parent Brochures from the Council of the Great City Schools – www.cgcs.org/site/Default.aspx?PageID=244 www.cgcs.org/site/Default.aspx?PageID=244 Mathematics CCSS with examples of tasks, activities – illustrativemathematics.org illustrativemathematics.org Progression Documents – ime.math.arizona.edu/progressions/ ime.math.arizona.edu/progressions/ Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium – www.smarterbalanced.org www.smarterbalanced.org

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CREC SCHOOLS Questions? Patricia Allen, pallen@crec.orgpallen@crec.org

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