Presentation on theme: "NATIONAL SCHOOL CLIMATE STANDARDS and IMPROVING PRACTICE"— Presentation transcript:
1 NATIONAL SCHOOL CLIMATE STANDARDS and IMPROVING PRACTICE Jo Ann Freiberg, Ph.D.Member, National School Climate CouncilEducation Consultant, CT State Department of EducationJanuary 29, 2013, Hartford Marriott Farmington
2 Pivotal Shift Fixing the Problem Creating the Climate BullyingPreventionCreatingtheClimateImprovingSchool
5 Why “School Climate” ? Issues with nomenclature “Character/Moral Education”“Values Clarification”“Citizenship” and “Religious Education”“Bullying Prevention”“Service Learning”Politically correct: everyone is supportiveNo one questions the “content” of lessonsNot a separate subject - integrated into all subject matterSchool Climate Conflict ResolutionSchool Climate Discipline ClimateFocus on Climate > Intervening with Bullying
6 Why NOT Look Through The Lens of “Bullying Prevention?” “Bullying” is a TOXIC School Concept: A True Conversation CloserEverything is labeled “bullying,” and when everything is “bullying,” nothing is “bullying”… It’s BULLIMANIA!!!No school wants to have any of it (bullying)No parent/guardian will admit their child is one (bully)No child will own up to being one (bully)Everyone avoids these terms except the Target’s family (“My child has been bullied,” or “I’ve been bullied”)
7 Making Schools Safer by Passing State Anti-Bullying Laws: Reactive vs Making Schools Safer by Passing State Anti-Bullying Laws: Reactive vs. Preventive199920012002200320052006200720082009201020112012GA2000NHCOLAMSORWVCTNJOKWAARCARI2004VTAZINMDVATXTNMENVIDSCAKNMDEIAILKSMNOHPANEKYUTFLMOALNCWYMAWINYNDHIMISDNO LAWMTMissouri’s Law originally only pertained to “Cyber-Bullying”CT and WY: Only two states that combine (the problem of) Bullying and (the solution of creating positive) School Climate in the same legislation
8 A Call To Action: Improving School Climate Improving school climate is among the most effective ways of improving the lives of youth, preventing violence and creating physically, emotionally and intellectually safe, supportive and positive learning environments
9 School Climate: Understandings, Research, Policy & Practice: Key Dimensions SafetyPhysically safeEmotionally safeIntellectually safeRules and normsInterpersonal RelationshipsRespect for diversitySocial support – adults (e.g. Experience of Care & Respect)Social support – students (e.g. Positive peer relationships)Professional relationships (staff only)Strong bonds to schoolEffective and available supportTeaching and LearningSupport for LearningSocial, emotional and civic learningLeadership (staff only)Environment – ExternalSchool connectedness/EngagementPhysical surroundings
10 National School Climate Standards: Finalized March 2010 “There is growing appreciation that school climate – the quality and character of school life1 – fosters children’s development, learning and achievement. School climate is based on the patterns of people’s experiences of school life; it reflects the norms, goals values, interpersonal relationships, teaching, learning and leadership practices, and organizational structures that comprise school life.”1This definition of school climate was consensually developed by members of the National School Climate Council (2007). The terms “school climate”, “school culture” and “learning environment have been used in overlapping but sometimes quite different ways in the educational literature. Here, we use the terms interchangeably.
11 National School Climate Standards Present a vision and framework for a positive and sustainable school climate. They compliment national standards for Content, Leadership and Professional Development and the Parent Teacher Association’s National Standards for Family School Partnership Standards
12 National School Climate Standards: Endorsements American School Health Assoc.ASCD (Assoc. for Supervision & Curriculum Development)Character Educ. PartnershipNat’l Network of Educ. RenewalNat’l School Boards Assoc.Public Education NetworkSchool Mental Health ProjectSearch InstituteFairTestNat’l Assoc. of School Psych.American School Counselors Assoc.Committee for ChildrenPacer CenterTeaching ToleranceNat’l Rural Educ. AssociationNat’l Org. for Youth SafetyNational PTACT Juvenile Justice AllianceFutures without ViolenceiKeep Safe (Internet Keep Safe Coalition)Nat’l Cntr. for Student Engagement
13 Standard OneThe school community has a shared vision and plan for promoting, enhancing and sustaining a positive school climate.
14 Standard One: Indicators 1.1 School policies and practices support school, family, youth and community members working together to establish a safe and productive learning community.1.2 Schools gather accurate and reliable data about school climate from students, school personnel and parents/guardians for continuous improvement and share it regularly with the school community.1.3 Capacity building is developed over time to enable all school community members to meet school climate standards.
15 Standard TwoThe school community sets policies specifically promoting (a) the development and sustainability of social, emotional, ethical, civic and intellectual skills, knowledge, dispositions and engagement, and (b) a comprehensive system to address barriers to learning and teaching and reengage students who have become disengaged.
16 Standard Two Indicators 2.1 Policies and mission and vision statements that promote social, emotional, ethical and civic, as well as intellectual, skills and dispositions are developed and institutionalized.2.2 Policies and mission and vision statements are developed and institutionalized that promote a comprehensive system to address barriers to learning and teaching and reengage students who have become disengaged.
17 Standard Two Indicators 2.3 Policies promote use and monitoring of natural and informal opportunities (e.g., recreational and extracurricular aspects of classroom and school life, formulation of codes of conduct and fair enforcement of rules, mentoring, and informal interactions among and with students) to ensure they support the helpful norms of learning and teaching that foster mutual respect and caring; engagement; safety and well being; civil, pro social, responsible behavior; and a psychological sense of community.
18 Standard Two Indicators 2.4 Policies ensure the operational and capacity building mechanisms (including staff and student development) related to this standard are fully integrated into a school’s infrastructure and are effectively implemented and sustained.
19 Standard ThreeThe school community’s practices are identified, prioritized and supported to (a) promote the learning and positive social, emotional, ethical and civic development of students, (b) enhance engagement in teaching, learning, and school-wide activities; (c) address barriers to learning and teaching and reengage those who have become disengaged; and (d) develop and sustain an appropriate operational infrastructure and capacity building mechanisms for meeting this standard.
20 Standard Three Indicators 3.1 Specific practices are designed to enhance engagement of every student through classroom-based social, emotional, ethical and civic learning and in school-wide activities.3.2 Teachers and school administrators design specific classroom and school-wide practices to address barriers to learning and teaching and reengage those who have become disengaged.3.3 School leaders develop and sustain a comprehensive system of learning supports by ensuring an appropriate operational infrastructure that incorporates capacity building mechanisms.
21 Standard FourThe school community creates an environment where all members are welcomed, supported, and feel safe in school: socially, emotionally, intellectually and physically.
22 Standard Four Indicators 4.1 School leaders promote comprehensive and evidence-based instructional and school-wide improvement efforts designed to support students, school personnel and community members feeling welcomed, supported and safe in school: socially, emotionally, intellectually and physically.4.2 Students, their families, school staff and community stakeholders are regularly surveyed and are asked to indicate what the school should do to further enhance a welcoming, supportive and safe environment.
23 Standard Four Indicators 4.3 School leaders monitor and evaluate the prevention and intervention strategies designed to support people feeling welcomed, supported and safe and use that data to improve relevant policies, facilities, staff competencies and accountability.
24 Standard FiveThe school community develops meaningful and engaging practices, activities and norms that promote social and civic responsibilities and a commitment to social justice.
25 Standard Five Indicators 5.1 Students and staff model culturally responsive and ethical behavior. This reflects continuous learning that builds knowledge, awareness, skills, and the capacity to identify, understand, and respect the unique beliefs, values, customs, languages, and traditions of all members of the school community.5.2 Relationships among and between staff and students are mutually, respectful, supportive, ethical and civil.5.3 Students and staff are actively engaged in celebrating milestones and accomplishments as they work to achieve meaningful school and community life.
26 School Climate: Key Dimensions SafetyPhysically safeEmotionally safeIntellectually safeRules and normsInterpersonal RelationshipsRespect for diversitySocial support – adults (e.g. Experience of Care & Respect)Social support – students (e.g. Positive peer relationships)Professional relationships (staff only)Strong bonds to schoolEffective and available supportTeaching and LearningSupport for LearningSocial, emotional and civic learningLeadership (staff only)Environment – ExternalSchool connectedness/EngagementPhysical surroundings
27 School Climate: Understandings, Research, Policy & Practice The School Climate Improvement Model: Five-Step Process
28 The Five Stage Improvement Model: Tasks and Challenges 1) Planning for the next phase of improvementCreating a representative leadership teamFostering buy in: understandings, vision, vocabulary and engagement!Leadership Commitment & Dedicated Planning TeamMoving from blame/distrust to a more “no fault”/trusting cultureCelebrating success and building on past effortsCommunity Engagement/Outreach2) School Climate Assessment/EvaluationMeasurement ProcessInterpretation of Results
33 Pivotal Shift from…. Compliance Choosing a ProgramHopedForChange
34 To… School Climate Improvement Know Where You Are Based Upon DataSetting Concrete Goals & Determining Strategies & Choosing Programs
35 School Climate: Understandings, Research, Policy & Practice Translating the standards into practice effortsWe need:1) School Climate Improvement Model2) An Implementation Strategy3) Resources, Guidelines, Tools, Programs and Practices that support the model, the individual context and implementation strategy
36 School Climate: Understandings, Research, Policy & Practice An implementation Strategy• Assessing readiness: Do you understand the school climate improvement plans and to what extent can and will we make a commitment to it?• A formative assessment: Where are we now? And, given this developing understanding, what are next steps?• Roles and responsibilities• Developing plans to build capacity – The expertise of school personnel and parent leaders from “day one” of the effort
37 Next Steps: Vision to Practice Use your Climate Committees…Self Assess with the RubricReview and analyze available dataDemographicStudent LearningSchool ProcessesPerceptualSchool Climate Assessment InstrumentUse/fill in the Template
38 Strategies for Improvement Targeted Programs/ApproachesTheory of Action/Logic Model -- What can be done to address the problem; how should it work in theory; why should it work?Past ExperienceResearchStrengths to LeverageWhat do findings reveal that can be used to support change?Initiatives to build on what’s working and address embedded weaknessesLessons learned from strengths that can be applied to problems
39 The “Grid”Translating the standards into practice effortsWe need:1) School Climate Improvement Model2) An Implementation Strategy3) Resources, Guidelines and Tools that support the model and implementation strategy:
40 School Climate: Key Dimensions SafetyPhysically safeEmotionally safeIntellectually safeRules and normsInterpersonal RelationshipsRespect for diversitySocial support – adults (e.g. Experience of Care & Respect)Social support – students (e.g. Positive peer relationships)Professional relationships (staff only)Strong bonds to schoolEffective and available supportTeaching and LearningSupport for LearningSocial, emotional and civic learningLeadership (staff only)Environment – ExternalSchool connectedness/EngagementPhysical surroundings
42 National School Climate Center Thank You!Jo Ann Freiberg, Ph.D., Education Consultant, Connecticut State Department of Education, Member, National School Climate Council(860)National School Climate Center