Presentation on theme: "Strategies and Hands-on Activities for Teaching Sight Words."— Presentation transcript:
Strategies and Hands-on Activities for Teaching Sight Words
Presented by Dr. Deborah Ellermeyer Clarion University of Pennsylvania Dr. Kay Chick Penn State Altoona
What are sight words? Sight words are words that are recognized instantly and without any analysis.
Many sight words cant be sounded out because they dont follow decoding rules.
Sight words are high frequency words – the words most frequently occurring in reading materials.
Why do we teach sight words? Students who learn sight words have a good base for beginning reading instruction.
When do we teach sight words? Sight word instruction usually begins in kindergarten and continues into first and second grade, although struggling readers continue learning sight words beyond second grade.
Two Sight Word Lists Used by Teachers The Dolch Basic Word List The Fry Instant Word List
The Dolch Basic Word List Consists of 220 high frequency words
The Dolch Basic Word List Comprise approximately 50% - 75% of all the words found in reading materials
The Fry Instant Word List Consists of 1000 words which are divided into 10 groups of 100 words
The Fry Instant Word List First 300 words make up approximately 60% of the words found in reading material
Common Sight Word Practices Flashcard drills Word list drills Word walls
How do I teach sight words?
Drill and Practice Do I always teach sight words the same way?
Do I enjoy teaching sight words?
Do my students enjoy sight words routines?
How can I make sight word practice more enjoyable? Presenting words within an enjoyable context Engaging students in fun, hands-on activities that teach sight words & other skills
Use the poems and lessons to: Introduce new sight words
Use the poems and lessons to: Reinforce learned sight words and provide reading practice
Use the poems and lessons to: Assess sight word retention
Use the poems and lessons to: Integrate language skills Antonyms Synonyms Homophones Parts of speech Same double consonant words Word family words Beginning sounds and vowel sounds
Benefits 1.Easy to Use Lessons Minimal preparation Few outside resources required Sight words are identified in boldface type in poems Enjoyable, hands-on activities
Benefits 2.Versatility of Use Can be used to introduce, practice, review and/or assess Can be used for whole-class or small-group instruction
Benefits 3.Poems Engaging Enjoyable Provide authentic context Controlled vocabulary with emphasis on sight words
Benefits 4.Repetition and Multiple Exposures to Sight Words
Benefits 5.Patterned and Predictable Text is Perfect for Emergent and Beginning Readers
Benefits 6.Enjoyable Activities Foster Sight Word Acquisition
We Are Opposites We are opposites, And Ill tell you more! I say after, And you say before. I look up, And you look down. I like to walk, You run to tow
I think its hot, You think its cold. I say its new, You say its old. I come in, And you go out. We are opposites, Lets give a shout! We are opposites Its like I said before. Think of your own. If you want any more!
Opposites Pyramid Objective to identify and read the antonym of a given sight word
Activity #2 We Are Opposites Setup 1.One copy of Opposites Pyramid page per child
Setup 2.Write sight words on the board: black onstartto good after giveyesup all out newunderhot first little bringcomedo full run alwayslonglight sit full farcleanright fast
Activity #2 We Are Opposites Setup 3.Write opposites on index cards and place in a paper bag.
Using the Poems Familiarize yourself with the poems in advance.
Using the Poems Print the poems on chart paper and highlight the sight words.
Using the Poems Point to the words as you read the poems aloud.
Using the Poems Read the poems aloud several times and invite students to read with you.
Using the Poems Print the sight words on flashcards for practice in isolation. Hang poems on chart paper around the room and take poetry walks for practice in context.
Using the Poems Have children print sight words on index cards and create individual sight word banks.
Using the Poems Hang the poems around the room to keep them visible for student practice.
Using the Poems Create a word wall and USE it!
Scholastic Teaching Resources by Deborah Ellermeyer
Resource Books by the Presenters Activities for Standards-based, Integrated Language Arts Instruction by: Deborah Ellermeyer & Kay Chick Holcomb Hathaway Publishers (Grades K-6) The many activities in Activities for Standards-Based, Integrated Language Arts Instruction were designed to meet the instructional needs of teacher educators, pre- and in-service teachers, and students in grades K–6. Designed for versatility, the book can serve as a companion text for existing language arts textbooks in university-level language arts methods courses, or it can be used independently as a valuable teacher-resource book.
Resource Books by the Presenters Multicultural American History through Childrens Literature by: Deborah Ellermeyer & Kay Chick Teacher Ideas Press (Grades 3-6) This integrated teacher resource provides lesson ideas for the instruction of social studies and history concepts within the context of quality multicultural children's books and picture books. Each chapter focuses on three picture books related to various multicultural themes in American history. Chapters are organized chronologically, and by theme, and include book summaries, materials lists, student-centered activities, related books and poetry, and links to national history standards. Multicultural themes include: the Old West, American Revolution, Slavery, Civil War, World War II and the Holocaust.
Resource Books by the Presenters Ancient Civilizations Readers Theater by: Deborah Ellermeyer & Judy Rowell Creative Teaching Press (Grades 5 – 6) This book features fun readers theater scripts that foster reading fluency, improve text comprehension, build vocabulary, and help students understand ancient civilizations that include: the Aztecs, Inca, Maya, Etruscans, Minoans, Romans, Chinese Han, Indus River Valley culture, and the Mesopotamians.
Resource Books by the Presenters All About the Weather by: Deborah Ellermeyer & Judy Rowell Evan-Moor (Grades PreK – K) This 208 page, full color, thematic resource book features colorful storybooks with flannel board pieces and ready-to-use activities to teach skills and concepts across the whole early childhood curriculum. Activities center around reading, math, art, dramatic play, cooking, music, outdoor fun and movement.
Resource Books by the Presenters All About My World by: Deborah Ellermeyer & Judy Rowell Evan-Moor (Grades PreK – K) This 208 page, full color, thematic resource book features colorful storybooks with flannel board pieces and ready-to-use activities to teach skills and concepts across the whole early childhood curriculum. Activities center around reading, math, art, dramatic play, cooking, music, outdoor fun and movement.
Resource Books Available at: Scholastic, Inc. s/servlet/SearchResultDisplayView?query=El lermeyer&NEW_QUERY_PARAM=true&stor eId=10001&langId=- 1&catalogId=10002&viewParam=Search&su bmit2.x=16&submit2.y=7http://shop.scholastic.com/webapp/wcs/store s/servlet/SearchResultDisplayView?query=El lermeyer&NEW_QUERY_PARAM=true&stor eId=10001&langId=- 1&catalogId=10002&viewParam=Search&su bmit2.x=16&submit2.y=7