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Kurt De Belder Chief Division of Electronic Services University Library Universiteit van Amsterdam (UvA) Open Archives: context and initiatives in the.

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Presentation on theme: "Kurt De Belder Chief Division of Electronic Services University Library Universiteit van Amsterdam (UvA) Open Archives: context and initiatives in the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kurt De Belder Chief Division of Electronic Services University Library Universiteit van Amsterdam (UvA) Open Archives: context and initiatives in the Netherlands

2 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, OAI ideology OAI pragmatics OAI issues ARNO - Academic Research Netherlands Online DARE - Digital Academic Repositories How does it all fit together? Questions Overview presentation

3 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, the goal of the OAi is to contribute in a concrete manner to the transformation of scholarly communication promotes and encourages the development of author self-archiving solutions as a means of increasing the availability of scholarly communication genuine building blocks of a transformed scholarly communication model OAI ideology

4 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Roots in the pre-print (scholarly) community & the library community Increase visibility of scientific output. Improve speed and reach of scholarly communication. Improvement of knowledge infrastructure. Social responsibility: improve access to scientific information. OAI ideology

5 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Position in international knowledge/info economy. Existing model is too expensive (serials crisis), too slow, and excludes users of scientific information. Putting pressure on the existing model. Development of a new model. Different relationship with publisher. OAI ideology OAI is not alone: SPARC (Europe), BioMed Central, Public Library of Science (PLoS), Highwire Press, …

6 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, OAI also quite pragmatic Supports interoperability between repositories/ archives Infrastructure costs are low OAI pragmatics

7 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Acceptance costs Functionality ASCII HTML XML SGML Z MARC AACR2 OAI OAI pragmatics

8 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, OAI also quite pragmatic Supports interoperability between repositories/ archives Infrastructure costs are low Types of interoperability federation: organisations conform services to strict specifications for operability. harvesting: flexible organisation, adoption of basic set of rules for operability. gathering: no cooperation, minimal level of operability. OAI pragmatics

9 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, OAI also quite pragmatic Supports interoperability between repositories/ archives Infrastructure costs are low Types of interoperability federation: organisations conform services to strict specifications for operability. harvesting: flexible organisation, adoption of basic set of rules for operability. gathering: no cooperation, minimal level of operability. OAI pragmatics

10 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Gathering Federation Harvesting OAI pragmatics Acceptance costs Functionality

11 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, OAI also quite pragmatic Supports interoperability between repositories/ archives Infrastructure costs are low Types of interoperability Separation of data provider and service provider OAI: high on ideology and high on pragmatics = powerful combination OAI pragmatics

12 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Quality of services = Quality of metadata. Institutional repositories dont have to be an alternative to disciplinary repositories. Long term funding, organisational commitment, long term preservation. OAI issues

13 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Project funded by SURF/IWI (Innovation Scientific Information) & started in September 2000 Project partners: Tilburg University, Twente University, University of Amsterdam Aim: Development of OAI compliant institutional repository (data). Available Open Source: Tilburg U Demonstrator search interface Implementing repository METIS-ARNO connection ARNO - Academic Research Netherlands Online

14 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Features: OAI compliant DB storing metadata + an application for maintaining data; document store for documents Aware of 3 groups: contributors, administrators, service providers Internal metadata can be defined and Dublin Core is supported Permanent links Creation of multiple archives, sets,... Contact: Thomas Place (Tilburg U: ARNO - Academic Research Netherlands Online

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17 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Participants: All (13) Dutch universities National Library (KB) Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) Funds: 5.9 M (2 M from government) Project period: DARE - Digital Academic Repositories

18 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Goals: Modernising management of scientific information by putting an infrastructure in place and providing advanced services for the digital recording, accessing, storage and distribution of Dutch academic output. DARE - Digital Academic Repositories

19 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Institutional repositories: Distributed network Local responsibility and maintenance Interoperability International standards OAI compliant Contain: Dissertations, grey literature, articles, data sets,... DARE - Digital Academic Repositories

20 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Services: Search facilities Linking services Peer review processes Relation with learning environments Management information... Value-added services by multiple service providers Separation of data providers and service providers DARE - Digital Academic Repositories

21 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, tender for project proposals: Focus on: infrastructure stimulating participation by researchers and scientists Funding: 325 K (funds 50% of project costs) Submitted proposals: 12 Decisions about funding made/announced: May/June 2003 DARE - Digital Academic Repositories

22 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, University of Amsterdam (UvA) proposal based on our experience with among others the Exact Sciences Pre-Print Server (Béta Preprint Server): Difficult to convince scientists Vital to embed the process in the organisation It must be easy Ideology is not sufficient: there must be something in it for the scientist DARE - Digital Academic Repositories

23 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, UvA proposal: University Scientific Archive Create 2 separate steps in the process: 1. submission into the archive - 2. make the document available for external use Make the metadata immediately available Make life easy: input of metadata via METIS Create services for scientists based on the metadata (and the document): My publications lists; linking services; notify a colleague; printing on demand service for dissertations; … DARE - Digital Academic Repositories

24 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, UvA proposal: University Scientific Archive Develop and implement university-wide policy Work on changing culture: full-service for 100 selected researchers (retrospective input of metadata and publications, obtain permissions from journals/publishers) DARE - Digital Academic Repositories Aside: Linking services (OpenURL)

25 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, SFX Source SFX Menu SFX Target

26 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, A&I Catalogue Full text... Source OpenURL Linking server Full text Target Link Catalogus A&I Citation DB Zoekmachine What does an OpenURL look like? How does it happen? OpenURL hook

27 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, OpenURL genre=article&atitle=For%20an%20Aesthetics%20of%20the%20Inconsequential&ti tle=Eighteenth-Century-Studies&isbn=&issn= &date=2002&volume=35&issue=3&spage=510&pid=%3CAN%3E %3C/AN%3E%3CAU%3EHarari%2c-Josue%3C/AU%3E Base URL Origin description Object-metadata-zone The OpenURL

28 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Example: University Library, University of Amsterdam Fits extremely well within Digital Library concept & infrastructure: distributed, integration layer, based on open international standards (Z39.50, SRU, OpenURL, MARC, Dublin Core, XML, …, OAI) Digital Production Centre for the creation electronic publications Member of SPARC Europe, BioMed Central How does it fit together?

29 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, MM ed/publication site Portals Text DB Image DB E-dictionaries E-journals Metadata DB Institutional repository Content Management System How does it fit together?

30 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Contributions to Zoology Mens en Maatschappij TijdSchrift voor Skandinavistiek Portrait Collection Social Health Posters Map Collection Dutch-Latin dictionary Voltaire Electronique English Prose Drama Bible in Dutch Culture NOW Portals Metadata DB E-journals Text DB Image DB E-dictionaries Institutional repository Content Management System MetaLib/SFX ARNO MM ed/publication site How does it fit together?

31 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Summer 2003 Metadataharvester Metadataserver Portals Metadata DB E-journals Text DB Image DB E-dictionaries Institutional repository Content Management System MM ed/publication site How does it fit together?

32 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, End of 2003 Now: product selection Portals Metadata DB E-journals Text DB Image DB E-dictionaries Institutional repository Content Management System MM ed/publication site How does it fit together?

33 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Portals Metadata DB E-journals Text DB Image DB E-dictionaries Institutional repository Content Management System MM ed/publication site Harvesting of OAI metadata UvA harvester How does it fit together?

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35 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10,

36 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Portals Metadata DB E-journals Text DB Image DB E-dictionaries Institutional repository Content Management System MM ed/publication site Creation of overlay e-journals How does it fit together?

37 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Portals Metadata DB E-journals Text DB Image DB E-dictionaries Institutional repository Content Management System MM ed/publication site Creation of high value electronic publications How does it fit together?

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39 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Portals Metadata DB E-journals Text DB Image DB E-dictionaries Institutional repository Content Management System MM ed/publication site Selection for subject publication site How does it fit together?

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41 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Portals Metadata DB E-journals Text DB Image DB E-dictionaries Institutional repository Content Management System MM ed/publication site Subject portal: integrated searching & diglib services How does it fit together?

42 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10,

43 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Thank you for your attention! Any questions?

44 Making Connections - Open Archives - April 10, Links: University Library UvA: ARNO project: ARNO server UvA: Digital Library UvA: Digital Production Centre UvA & access to (most) DPC products:


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