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Engaging repository policy with preservation Steve Hitchcock and Neil Jefferies* Preserv 2 Project School of Electronics and Computer Science (ECS), Southampton.

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Presentation on theme: "Engaging repository policy with preservation Steve Hitchcock and Neil Jefferies* Preserv 2 Project School of Electronics and Computer Science (ECS), Southampton."— Presentation transcript:

1 Engaging repository policy with preservation Steve Hitchcock and Neil Jefferies* Preserv 2 Project School of Electronics and Computer Science (ECS), Southampton University *Oxford University Library Services JISC Repositories & Preservation Programme Meeting, Bristol, November 2007

2 Q. How do we engage repositories with preservation? A. Planning Preservation can be a scary topic (technical, long timescales) but preservation planning need not be. Planning begins with policy, in this case repository policy

3 About this session Preservation planning: connecting with policy Show how preservation planning can emerge from everyday repository considerations Encourage you to engage with preservation planning Consider the organisational context rather than the technical considerations Planning for preservation services

4 Pre-meeting JISC evaluation survey Benefit 4b - More repository administrators are preparing for the preservation of content in their repository –Is there evidence that more repositories are preparing for preservation? Benefit 7a - The relevant people are aware of what they need to contribute towards preservation and the technologies exist to help them –Have users engaged with the preservation projects? Benefit 7b - The programme should produce the beginnings of a repository network that can support preservation –Has this network been created?

5 Pre-meeting JISC evaluation survey Benefit 4b - More repository administrators are preparing for the preservation of content in their repository –Is there evidence that more repositories are preparing for preservation? 11 Benefit 7a - The relevant people are aware of what they need to contribute towards preservation and the technologies exist to help them –Have users engaged with the preservation projects? 7 Benefit 7b - The programme should produce the beginnings of a repository network that can support preservation –Has this network been created? 10

6 Repository policy Reasons for a repository policy: Purpose: to explain why you have a repository: high- level vision Clarity: to help understanding by stakeholders, clarify responsibilities To help with planning and the decision-making To build support This and the following slides are adapted from a presentation on Policies for Institutional Repositories, by Bill Hubbard, Jackie Knowles and Steve Hitchcock, presented at the RSP Summer School, Dartington, June

7 Types of policy Strategic Policies –align with the wider strategic policies of the institution, including scope (which materials – papers, teaching materials, theses, data) and mandates Operational Policies –e.g. submission, content, use policies

8 OpenDOAR policies tool OpenDOAR has created a simple tool to help repository administrators to formulate and/or present their repository's policies. It provides a series of check boxes and pick lists for all the key policy options.

9 OpenDOAR policy types Submission policy concerning depositors, quality and copyright (who can deposit, what they can or must deposit Content policy for types of document and data set held (repository type, types of material, papers, etc.) Metadata policy for information describing items in the repository Policy (access and reuse of metadata) Data policy for full-text and other full data items (access and reuse of full data) Preservation policy

10 OpenDOAR preservation policy Retention Period Functional Preservation through continued readability and accessibility (e.g. file format migration), and what the repository is doing to assure this File Preservation (backup, bitstream, microfilm) Withdrawal Policy rules for removing content from the repository Withdrawn Items what happens to such items Version Control Closure Policy in the event of the repository being closed down

11 Preservation: whats next Two key preservation standards Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Preservation Metadata Information Strategies (PREMIS) A platform for preservation Preservation services

12 Preservation actions Storage media Media refreshing Reformatting Backups and disaster recovery Environment Audit Security Preservation strategy Migration Emulation Technology preservation Records management, etc. From the JISC standards guidelines

13 Open Archival Information System (OAIS) reference model

14 Preservation services Preserv 2 signature schematic

15 Cornell tutorial on OAIS: preservation planning Preservation Planning is perhaps the core OAIS function. Preservation Planning is another OAIS function where organizational concerns lead. Preservation planning demonstrates more clearly than other functions that digital preservation is a shared responsibility, both within and between institutions. From the Cornell tutorial on Digital Preservation Management on/oais/preservation.html on/oais/preservation.html

16 Applying the OAIS organisational view: the repository in the institution Is it an institutional repository, or a simply repository in an institution? Did the institution initiate the repository? Does the institution back the repository? What does the institution expect the repository to do? e.g. what is the target content? Does the institution impose any policies? Does the repository have an institutional mandate? Does the institution finance the repository? The answers to all of these questions will influence preservation planning

17 Let's move on to preservation metadata Metadata designed for managing digital content over a long period of time is commonly referred to as 'preservation metadata', and typically informs, describes and records a range of activities concerned with preserving specific digital objects The authoritative reference on preservation metadata is PREMIS: Preservation Metadata Implementation Strategies Data Dictionary (2005)

18 PREMIS framed: questions that may be familiar in a repository context Metadata quality: How is new material deposited in your repository: by author self-archiving; mediated deposit by an agent on behalf of the author (e.g. a personal assistant) or by repository staff? Does the repository use IDs generated by the repository software, or does it have its own system of IDs? Does the repository allow submission of files in the following forms: compressed, encrypted, zipped? Does the repository have any explicit agreement with authors that refers to rights for preservation?

19 Questions for repositories about policy Does the repository have any existing policy on preservation?

20 Questions for repositories about policy Does the repository have any existing policy on preservation? Submission and file formats a Does the repository have a policy on submission file formats? b Are there any restrictions for submitting authors? c Does the repository transform submitted formats in any way? d Does the repository require the original source version from the author?

21 Recommendations on preservation planning for new repositories Dont worry about preservation action Instead think about preservation planning. We have tried to show how this can emerge from organisational issues and everyday repository considerations Preservation planning is founded on all aspects of repository management, starting with institutional policy Don't initiate preservation policy until you have considered institutional and other policy issues e.g. raised by the policies tool (not just preservation policy tool) Watch out for preservation services from JISC projects –Preserv project –Sherpa DP project


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